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The endogenous sulfated pentapeptide phytosulfokine-alpha stimulates tracheary element differentiation of isolated mesophyll cells of zinnia


The endogenous sulfated pentapeptide phytosulfokine-alpha stimulates tracheary element differentiation of isolated mesophyll cells of zinnia



Plant Physiology 120(4): 1043-1048



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-0889

PMID: 10444087

DOI: 10.2307/4278890

Dispersed zinnia (Zinnia elegans) mesophyll cells cannot differentiate into tracheary elements (TEs) at low cell density conditions even if auxin and cytokinin are present in the medium, indicating the involvement of intercellular interactions during the initiation and/or subsequent progresses in TE differentiation. When zinnia cells were incubated at a low density (2.5 x 10(4) cells mL(-1)) in TE-inductive medium in the presence of various concentrations of phytosulfokine (PSK)-alpha, which was originally identified as an intercellular signal peptide involved in cell proliferation, TE differentiation was strongly stimulated in a dose-dependent fashion; more than 35% of the living cells differentiated into TEs by 5 d of culture in the presence of 10 nM PSK-alpha. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and mass spectroscopy confirmed that cultured zinnia cells produce nanomolar levels of PSKs under inductive conditions. These results suggest that PSK-alpha is a factor responsible for TE differentiation of zinnia mesophyll cells.

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Accession: 011503936

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