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The fatty acid composition of oophagous tadpoles (Chirixalus eiffingeri) fed conspecific or chicken egg yolk



The fatty acid composition of oophagous tadpoles (Chirixalus eiffingeri) fed conspecific or chicken egg yolk



Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology 135A(2): 329-336



We compared the lipid content and fatty acid composition of (1) the egg yolk of three anuran species (Chirixalus eiffingeri, Rhacophorus moltrechti and Buergeria robustus) and chicken eggs; and (2) C. eiffingeri tadpoles fed conspecific eggs or chicken egg yolk. Anuran and chicken egg yolk contained more non-polar than polar lipids but the proportions varied among species. Chicken egg yolk contained low amounts of 22:5n-3 in the polar lipid fraction, and B. robustus eggs did not contain any n-3 or n-6 non-polar lipids. The specific variation of lipid contents and fatty acid composition may relate to the maternal diet and/or breeding biology. In C. eiffingeri tadpoles that fed chicken yolk or frog egg yolk, the dominant components of polar and non-polar lipids were 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, and 18:2n-6, or 20:4n-6 fatty acids. C. eiffingeri eggs contained more n-3 fatty acids (e.g. 18:3n-3 and 20:5n-3) than chicken egg yolk, and tadpoles fed conspecific eggs contained more of these fatty acids than tadpoles fed chicken egg yolk. The compositional differences in the fatty acids between C. eiffingeri tadpoles that fed frog egg or chicken egg yolk are the reflection of the variation in the dietary sources. Our results suggest a direct incorporation of fatty acids into the body without or minimal modification, which provide an important insight into the physiological aspects of cannibalism.

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Accession: 011507028

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PMID: 12781833

DOI: 10.1016/s1095-6433(03)00082-5


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