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Chapter 11,513

The homeodomain of Nkx2.2 carries two cooperatively acting nuclear localization signals

Hessabi, B.; Schmidt, I.; Walther, R.

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 270(3): 695-700

2000


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-291X
PMID: 10772886
DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.2000.2491
Accession: 011512425

NK-2 family members of homeodomain proteins have been identified as important regulators of growth and development in the ventral forebrain, heart, lung, and thyroid. In addition, Nk2.2 expression has been detected in the pancreas, where it is vital for the final differentiation of beta-cells. In our present paper, we have analyzed the domains necessary for nuclear transport of Nkx2.2. With the help of deletion mutants we identified two separate nuclear localization signals (NLS). Interestingly, both NLSs are situated in the homeodomain. They belong to the monopartite class of NLS; the proximal NLS has the sequence KKRKRR and lies at the very N-terminus of the homeodomain, while the more distal NLS RYKMKRAR is at the homeodomain C-terminus. Each NLS per se is sufficient for nuclear transport of Nkx2.2 into the nucleus, although inefficiently. Both identified NLSs act cooperatively in mediating complete nuclear transport of Nkx2.2.

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