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The relationship between QT intervals and mortality in ambulant patients with chronic heart failure. The united kingdom heart failure evaluation and assessment of risk trial (UK-HEART)



The relationship between QT intervals and mortality in ambulant patients with chronic heart failure. The united kingdom heart failure evaluation and assessment of risk trial (UK-HEART)



European Heart Journal 20(18): 1335-1341



Mortality in patients with heart failure remains high and is difficult to predict. QT interval parameters on a 12-lead ECG have been shown to predict arrhythmic events in patients with a variety of myocardial diseases. There is some, but not consistent, evidence that QT interval parameters may act as predictors of mortality, in particular sudden death, in patients with heart failure. In an adequately powered prospective study we have studied QT interval parameters in patients with stable chronic heart failure in order to determine whether they are predictive of all-cause mortality or mode of death. Five hundred and fifty-four ambulant outpatients with chronic heart failure were recruited. A 12-lead ECG, chest radiograph, echocardiogram, 24 h ambulatory electrocardiogram and serum for biochemical analysis were obtained at baseline. Patients were followed for 471+/-168 days. QT intervals were measured in all leads blinded to patient's characteristics and outcome, were corrected for heart rate, and the maximum QT intervals, and QT dispersion (range of QT intervals) were determined. The same parameters were determined for JT intervals. The primary end-point was all-cause mortality, secondary end-points were sudden cardiac death and death due to progressive heart failure. Multivariate analysis with the Cox's proportional hazards model was used to determine which variables were independently related to outcome. Four hundred and ninety-five patients had analysable ECGs at study entry and of these 71 died during follow-up. The heart rate corrected QT dispersion and maximum QT interval were significant univariate predictors of all-cause mortality (P=0.026 and <0.0001 respectively), and also of sudden death and progressive heart failure death, but were not related to outcome in the multivariate analysis. The independent predictors of all-cause mortality were cardiothoracic ratio (P=0.0003), creatinine (P=0.0009), heart rate (P=0.007), echocardiographically derived left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (P=0.007) and ventricular couplets on 24 h electrocardiographic monitoring (P=0.015). In an adequately powered prospective study none of the QT or JT parameters were shown to be independent predictors of outcome in patients with mild to moderate congestive heart failure. These variables do not therefore add to the prognostic information which can be gained from simple radiographic, biochemical, echocardiographic and Holter data in this group of patients.

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Accession: 011539348

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10462468

DOI: 10.1053/euhj.1999.1542


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