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The two histidine axial ligands of the primary electron donor chlorophylls (P700) in photosystem I are similarly perturbed upon P700+ formation

The two histidine axial ligands of the primary electron donor chlorophylls (P700) in photosystem I are similarly perturbed upon P700+ formation

Biochemistry 41(37): 11200-11210

The extent of delocalization of the positive charge in the oxidized dimer of chlorophyll (Chl) constituting P700, the primary electron donor of photosystem I (PSI), has been investigated by analyzing the perturbation upon P700(+) formation of infrared (IR) vibrational modes of the two His axial ligands of the two P700 Chl molecules. Fourier transform IR (FTIR) difference spectra of the photooxidation of P700 in PSI core complexes isolated from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 isotopically labeled either globally with (15)N or more specifically with (13)C on all the His residues reveal isotopic shifts of a differential signal at 1102/1108 cm(-)(1). This signal is assigned to a downshift upon P700(+) formation of the predominantly C(5)-Ntau imidazole stretching mode of His residue(s). The amplitude of this signal is reduced by approximately half in FTIR spectra of Synechocystis mutants in which His PsaB 651, the axial ligand to one of the two Chl molecules in P700, is replaced by Cys, Gln, or Leu. These observations provide further evidence that the positive charge in P700(+) is essentially delocalized over the two Chl molecules, in agreement with a previous FTIR study in which the frequency of the vibrational modes of the 9-keto and 10a-ester C=O groups of the two Chl's in P700, P700(+), and (3)P700 were firmly established for the first time [Breton, J., et al. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 11585-11592]. Only limited perturbations of the amplitude and frequency of the 9-keto and 10a-ester C=O bands of the P700 Chl are elicited by the mutations. On the basis of comparable mutational studies of the primary electron donor in purple bacteria, these perturbations are attributed to small molecular rearrangements of the Chl macrocycle and substituents caused by the repositioning of the P700 dimer in the new protein cavity generated by the mutations. It is proposed that the perturbation of the FTIR spectra upon mutation of a His axial ligand of the P700 Chl recently reported in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii [Hastings, G., et al. (2001) Biochemistry 40, 12943-12949] can be explained by the same effect without the need for a new assignment of the C=O bands of P700. The distribution of charge/spin in P700(+) and (3)P700 determined by FTIR spectroscopy is discussed in relation with the contrasting interpretations derived from recent magnetic resonance experiments.

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Accession: 011556182

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PMID: 12220185

DOI: 10.1021/bi0262404

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