Transforming growth factor-beta-1 latency-associated peptide and soluble betaglycan prevent a glucose-induced increase in fibronectin production in cultured human mesangial cells

Nomura, K.; Tada, H.; Kuboki, K.; Inokuchi, T.

Nephron 91(4): 606-611

2002


ISSN/ISBN: 1660-8151
PMID: 12138262
DOI: 10.1159/000065020
Accession: 011585131

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Abstract
This study was performed to investigate the effects of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) latency-associated peptide (LAP) and betaglycan on TGF-beta1 activity, and on the glucose-induced overproduction of fibronectin in cultured human mesangial cells (MCs). We found that recombinant LAP and recombinant soluble betaglycan decrease the active form of TGF-beta1, measured by ELISA, in a dose-dependent manner in a cell-free system. The effective dosages of LAP and soluble betaglycan for a 50% reduction were approximately 20- and 75-fold of the TGF-beta1 concentration, respectively. The active form of TGF-beta1 in the media secreted from MCs was significantly (p < 0.01) reduced by the addition of 10 nmol/l LAP and 10 nmol/l soluble betaglycan with no significant change in total (active + latent) TGF-beta1. Recombinant LAP and soluble betaglycan also inhibited a recombinant TGF-beta1-stimulated increase in fibronectin production in MCs. Furthermore, the glucose-induced increase in fibronectin secreted from MCs was significantly (p < 0.01) suppressed by concomitant incubation with LAP or soluble betaglycan, while these agents had no effect on fibronectin production under physiological glucose concentrations. These results indicate that recombinant LAP and soluble betaglycan suppress the glucose-induced overproduction of fibronectin presumably via inhibition of TGF-beta1 activity in MCs. Further in vivo studies are needed to define the possible beneficial effects of these agents in diabetic nephropathy.