Tubulin folding cofactors as GTPase-activating proteins. GTP hydrolysis and the assembly of the alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimer
Tian, G.; Bhamidipati, A.; Cowan, N.J.; Lewis, S.A.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(34): 24054-24058
In vivo, many proteins must interact with molecular chaperones to attain their native conformation. In the case of tubulin, newly synthesized alpha- and beta-subunits are partially folded by cytosolic chaperonin, a double-toroidal ATPase with homologs in all kingdoms of life and in most cellular compartments. alpha- and beta-tubulin folding intermediates are then brought together by tubulin-specific chaperone proteins (named cofactors A-E) in a cofactor-containing supercomplex with GTPase activity. Here we show that tubulin subunit exchange can only occur by passage through this supercomplex, thus defining it as a dimer-making machine. We also show that hydrolysis of GTP by beta-tubulin in the supercomplex acts as a switch for the release of native tubulin heterodimer. In this folding reaction and in the related reaction of tubulin-folding cofactors with native tubulin, the cofactors behave as GTPase-activating proteins, stimulating the GTP-binding protein beta-tubulin to hydrolyze its GTP.