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Two-generation reproduction study of ammonium perchlorate in drinking water in rats evaluates thyroid toxicity



Two-generation reproduction study of ammonium perchlorate in drinking water in rats evaluates thyroid toxicity



International Journal of Toxicology 20(4): 183-197, July-August



Perchlorate is an inorganic ion that has recently been detected in drinking water supplies throughout the country, but little is known about its effects on reproductive function. This two-generation reproductive study examines the effects of ammonium perchlorate on the male and female reproductive systems in rats, and on the growth and development of offspring. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats (30/sex/group) were given continuous access to ammonium perchlorate in their drinking water at doses of 0, 0.3, 3.0, and 30.0 mg/kg-day. F1 generation rats were given the same ammonium perchlorate doses as their respective P1 generation sires and dams beginning at weaning and continuing through the day of sacrifice. Standard reproductive parameters were evaluated; blood was collected for determination of serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) levels. Histopathological examination was conducted on major tissues, including the thyroid. No significant changes in developmental parameters were observed. In the F1 generation adult rats, relative thyroid weights were significantly increased in all dose groups for female rats and in the 3.0 and 30.0 mg/kg-day dose groups for male rats. Histopathologic changes in the thyroid consisted of hypertrophy and hyperplasia that increased in incidence and severity in a dose-related manner. Dose-related, statistically significant changes in TSH and T4 or T3 occurred at doses higher than those that resulted in changes in thyroid weight and thyroid histopathology, 30 mg/kg-day. Thus, perchlorate is not a reproductive toxicant in rats when administered in the drinking water at doses up to 30 mg/kg-day, but it can affect the thyroid at doses gtoreq3 mg/kg-day. Based on these findings, 0.3 mg/kg-day is identified to be the no-observable-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) for this study.

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Accession: 011604748

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11563414

DOI: 10.1080/109158101750408019



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