Update on the detection of beta-exotoxin in Bacillus thuringiensis strains by HPLC analysis
Hernández, C.S.; Ferré, J.; Larget-Thiéry, I.
Journal of Applied Microbiology 90(4): 643-647
Aims: The current work aimed to study the presence of beta-exotoxin by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in supernatant fluids from final whole cultures of the 69 type strains and 13 subtypes of Bacillus thuringiensis strains, as well as from some insecticidal strains. Methods and Results: Results from HPLC and bioassays with Ephestia kuhniella (Lepidoptera Pyralidae) were compared. Type I beta-exotoxin was only detected in type strains representing serotypes H1, H9 and H10a,10b. Discrepancies between HPLC and bioassays were found in H8a,8b and some insecticidal strains, which suggests the occurrence of another soluble toxin different from type I beta-exotoxin, possibly type II beta-exotoxin. Conclusions: This study shows the need to use bioassays to determine the presence of beta-exotoxin activity. However, HPLC is a fast and sensitive technique if only type I beta-exotoxin is to be determined. The occurrence of beta-exotoxin in a type strain does not imply production of this metabolite by other strains belonging to the same serovar. Significance and Impact of the Study: These results complete the characterization of type strains belonging to the International Entomopathogenic Bacillus Collection (Institut Pasteur, Paris, France).