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Vigilance stages and performance in OSAS patients in a monotonous reaction time task

Vigilance stages and performance in OSAS patients in a monotonous reaction time task

Clinical Neurophysiology 111(6): 1130-1136, June

Objectives: To develop improved methods for objective assessment of daytime vigilance. This is important in the diagnosis and therapy control of sleep disorders associated with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). Methods: Twenty-one patients with EDS due to obstructive sleep apnea were recorded during a daytime 90 min reaction time (RT) test in a monotonous situation. Two EEG, two EOG and a submental EMG channel were recorded simultaneously. The recordings were divided into short, stationary segments of variable length (0.5-2 s) and classified into 7 stages using our previously described system, which includes additional stages for drowsiness. Results: The duration of RT was linearly correlated to the vigilance state (P < 0.05). The appearance of slow eye movements (SEM) was more consistently related to performance impairment than EEG changes. Conclusions: Our system can provide a better tracking of vigilance changes than the standardized sleep stage scoring. A 1-2h test is useful in the assessment of the performance of a subject suffering from EDS. We found that SEMs indicate more sensitive and consistent EDS-related performance impairment than changes in EEG activity.

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Accession: 011641071

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PMID: 10825721

DOI: 10.1016/s1388-2457(00)00269-8

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