EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Spermatogenic and steroidogenic impairment after chromium treatment in rats
Prediction of enthalpy of formation based on refined crystal structures of multisite compounds; Part 1, Theories and examples
Intrastromal photorefractive keratectomy for myopia by Nd:YLF picosecond laser
Teachers' beliefs about the role of prior language knowledge in learning and how these influence teaching practices
Classification and genesis of submarine iron-manganese deposits
Insecta a Cl. G. N. Potanin in China et in Mongolia novissime lecta. XVII. Hemiptera-Heteroptera
On the occurrence of the splendid genus Machaerothrix Haupt in Tsushima, with some remarks on the genus (Hymenoptera, Pompilidae)
Enamel craze lines
Gynecologic examination of the child and the adolescent
Periosteal osteoclasts, skeletal development and ageing
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva in a Nigerian: a case report
The chronically ill patient with anorexia nervosa development, phenomenology, and therapeutic considerations
Kummelonautilus taiwanum sp. nov. (Nautilida) from the early Miocene Shihmen Formation, Chungliao, Nantou, west-central Taiwan
Efficacy of Droncit against Dipylidium caninum in dogs
Pierids of the genus Euchloe Klots (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) from Siberia and the Far East.
C5A anaphylatoxin and its seven transmembrane-segment receptor
Failure to practice evidence-based medicine: why do physicians not treat patients with heart failure with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors?
Empirical comparisons of proportional hazards regression, Poisson regression, and logistic regression in the analysis of occupational cohort data
Pollination of flowers of sweet and sour cherries
Isopodi terrestri raccolti nell' Estremo Oriente
Morphometric observations on Dipylidium caninum from dogs and cats in Austria
Chelation effectiveness of zinc proteinates demonstrated
Alopecia--a psychosomatic disease picture? I. Review of the literature
Monitoring equity in health and healthcare: a conceptual framework
Hemodynamic evaluation of the Biocor heterologous prosthesis

A developmental analysis of self-reported fears in late childhood through mid-adolescence: Social-evaluative fears on the rise?


A developmental analysis of self-reported fears in late childhood through mid-adolescence: Social-evaluative fears on the rise?



Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 45(3): 481-495



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9630

PMID: 15055368

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00239.x

Background: The frequently reported decline in the overall frequency and intensity of fears during late childhood and adolescence may mask different developmental patterns for two broad subclasses of fears: fears concerning physical dancer and fears concerning social evaluation. It was investigated if physical fears decrease between late childhood and mid-adolescence, while social-evaluative fears increase during this period. It was also studied if changes in both sets of fears are more strongly related to socio-cognitive maturity than to age, which itself is only a proxy measure of maturity. Methods: A nonclinical sample of 882 children and adolescents (ages 8-18) was recruited for study. Fears were assessed using the Ollendick Fear Survey Schedule for Children - Revised (FSSC-R). A Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was conducted to study the factor structure of the Failure and Criticism subscale of the FSSC-R. Level of development was assessed using the Sentence Completion Test for Youth (SCT-Y), a measure of socio-cognitive maturity that is based on Loevinger's model, and measure, of ego development. Results: The PCA of the Failure and Criticism subscale revealed three factors: Social Evaluation, Achievement Evaluation, and Punishment. As predicted, the significant decrease of overall fearfulness obscured two contradictory developmental patterns: (a) fears of physical danger and punishment decreased with age, whereas (b) fears of social and achievement evaluation increased with age. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that the age effect for social-evaluative fears was explained entirely on the basis of developmental differences in socio-cognitive maturity (controlling for verbal ability). In contrast, age was a better predictor of the decrease of physical and punishment fears (although socio-cognitive maturity still added to the predictive value of age). Conclusion: The expression of social evaluation fears during adolescence appears not atypical and might be a corollary of socio-cognitive maturation. At the same time, the natural presence of those fears during adolescence appears to constitute a vulnerability for developing a social anxiety disorder.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 011683127

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Developmental-genetic effects on level and change in childhood fears of twins during adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 49(11): 1201-1210, 2008

Evaluating social fears in late adolescence: Study with a Portuguese sample. European Journal of Developmental Psychology 11(3): 373-385, 2014

Changes in social fears across childhood and adolescence: age-related differences in the factor structure of the Fear Survey Schedule for Children-Revised. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 22(1): 135-142, 2008

Specific and social fears in children and adolescents: separating normative fears from problem indicators and phobias. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 39(2): 118-125, 2017

Fears of receiving compassion from others predict safety behaviour use in social anxiety disorder over and above fears of negative self-portrayal. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 80: 102387, 2021

Negative Social Evaluative Fears Produce Social Anxiety, Food Intake, and Body Dissatisfaction: Evidence of Similar Mechanisms through Different Pathways. Clinical Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science 3(5): 744-757, 2015

A developmental-genetic analysis of common fears from early adolescence to early adulthood. Child Development 54(2): 361-368, 1983

Can children describe their fears? An interview study on the comparative assessment of childhood fears by behavioral observation, by the children themselves, teachers and mothers. Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie 43(6): 194-203, 1994

Social Fears in Adolescence : The Social Anxiety and Avoidance Scale for Adolescents. European Psychologist 13(3): 197-213, 2008

Social fears during adolescence: is there an increase in distress and avoidance?. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 23(7): 897-903, 2009

How do social fears in adolescence develop? Fear conditioning shapes attention orienting to social threat cues. Cognition and Emotion 25(6): 1139-1147, 2011

Fears and phobias in childhood: some clinical and developmental considerations. Child Psychiatry and Human Development 17(2): 75-87, 1986

Fears in mental retardation: Part two Prevalence of fears reported by mentally retarded and non-mentally retarded adults. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy 16(4): 297-306, 1994

Fears in mental retardation Part two Prevalence of fears reported by mentally retarded and non-mentally retarded adults. Advances in Behaviour Research and Therapy 16(4): 297-306, 1996

Developmental differences in the expression of childhood anxiety symptoms and fears. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 44(7): 656-663, 2005