+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

A lead isotope record of shanghai atmospheric lead emissions in total suspended particles during the period of phasing out of leaded gasoline



A lead isotope record of shanghai atmospheric lead emissions in total suspended particles during the period of phasing out of leaded gasoline



Atmospheric Environment 39(7): 1245-1253



The concentrations of lead as well as the stable lead isotope ratios were measured in the total suspended particles (TSP), collected at three monitoring sites in Shanghai, China, since 1995 ranging the period of phasing out of leaded gasoline. During all these years, the variation of lead concentrations in TSP showed the feature of site-dependence. In the traditionally industrial area of YangPu district, the concentrations were sometimes extremely high and did not have temporal correlation. In the other residential areas, the concentrations dropped quite a lot, but were still highly above the average contents of other counterpart cities in the world. The analysis of stable lead isotope ratios showed that lead isotopic composition in YangPu district varied much and changed randomly with time, while in Huangpu and PuTuo districts, the value of 207Pb/206Pb dropped significantly from 0.872+/-0.002 to 0.861+/-0.002. Combined with the data of lead contents and isotopic compositions of source-related samples, such as cements, coals, coal fly ashes, metallurgic dusts, oil combustion dusts, gasoline samples and soils, it was indicated that contribution from lead additives to airborne lead pollution in Shanghai was less than 30% in the time when leaded gasoline was used. However, stationary emission was always a dominant source in Shanghai, and the primary component of lead was believed to be contributed by the vast combustion of lead-containing coal emitted mainly by industrial activities all these years. Copyright 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 011687677

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.10.041


Related references

Lead in children's blood is mainly caused by coal-fired ash after phasing out of leaded gasoline in Shanghai. Environmental Science and Technology 44(12): 4760-4765, 2010

Characteristics of lead isotope ratios and elemental concentrations in PM10 fraction of airborne particulate matter in Shanghai after the phase-out of leaded gasoline. Atmospheric Environment 38(8): 1191-1200, 2004

Phasing out leaded gasoline will not end lead poisoning in developing countries. Environmental Health Perspectives 104(1): 10-11, 1996

Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline in Africa. Energy Policy 29(13): 1133-1143, 2001

Characteristics and sources of lead pollution after phasing out leaded gasoline in Beijing. Atmospheric Environment 40(16): 2973-2985, 2006

Lead concentrations in fine particulate matter after the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Xi’an, China. Atmospheric Environment 46(none): 217-224, 2012

Children's blood lead levels after the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Shantou, China. Archives of Environmental Health 58(3): 184-187, 2003

Recent sudden decrease of lead in Adriatic coastal seawater during the years 2000-2004 in parallel with the phasing out of leaded gasoline in Italy. Marine Chemistry 113.3-4, 2009

Blood lead levels and enzymatic biomarkers of environmental lead exposure in children in Cordoba, Argentina, after the ban of leaded gasoline. Human and Experimental Toxicology 32(5): 449-463, 2013

Quantification of atmospheric lead emissions from 70 years of leaded petrol consumption in Australia. Atmospheric Environment 111: 195-201, 2015

Development and Evaluation of an Air Quality Modeling Approach to Assess Near-field Impacts of Lead Emissions from Piston-engine Aircraft Operating on Leaded Aviation Gasoline. Atmospheric Environment 45(32): 5795-5804, 2011

Time trend and determinants of blood lead levels in a Swiss population over a transition period (1984-1993) from leaded to unleaded gasoline use. Environmental Research 68(2): 82-90, 1995

The trends of changes in children's blood lead levels since the introduction of lead free gasoline in Shanghai. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 23(3): 172-174, 2002

Comparison of children's blood lead levels in Shanghai before and after the introduction of lead free gasoline. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 79(10): 739-741, 1999

Recurrent cerebellar dysfunction as related to chronic gasoline sniffing in an adolescent girl. Lead poisoning from "leaded" gasoline as an attendent complication. Clinical Pediatrics 16(8): 706-708, 1977