A marked enhancement in phytase production by a thermophilic mould Sporotrichum thermophile using statistical designs in a cost-effective cane molasses medium
Singh, B.; Satyanarayana, T.
Journal of Applied Microbiology 101(2): 344-352
ISSN/ISBN: 1364-5072 PMID: 16882141 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.02921.x
Statistical optimization of phytase production by a thermophilic mould Sporotrichum thermophile in a cost-effective cane molasses medium. Sporotrichum thermophile secreted phytase in cane molasses medium at 45AC and 250 rev min[superscript -1] after 5 days. The important factors identified by Plackett-Burman design (magnesium sulfate, Tween 80, ammonium sulfate and incubation period) were further optimized by response surface methodology (RSM). An overall 107% improvement in phytase production was achieved due to optimization. Supplementation of the medium with inorganic phosphate repressed the enzyme synthesis. When inorganic phosphate was reduced from the cane molasses medium by treatment with calcium chloride, the enzyme production increased. The phytase activity was not affected by the enzyme treatment with trypsin and pepsin. A twofold increase in phytase production was achieved due to optimization using statistical designs in a cost-effective cane molasses medium. Phytase production was doubled due to optimization. The enzyme, being resistant to trypsin and pepsin, thermostable and acid stable, can find application in animal feed industry for improving nutritional status of the feed and combating environmental phosphorus pollution.