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A sheath-flow nanospray interface for capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry



A sheath-flow nanospray interface for capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry



Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 19(2): 187-192



We have developed a novel sheath-flow interface for low-flow electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and capillary electrophoresis/electrospray mass spectrometry (CE/ESI-MS). The interface is composed of two capillaries. One is a tapered fused-silica ESI emitter suitable for microliter and nanoliter flow rate electrospray and the other is a tail-end gold-coated CE separation column that is inserted into the emitter. A sheath liquid is supplied between the column and the emitter capillaries. The gold coating and the sheath liquid are used as the conducting media for ESI and the CE circuit. This novel design was initially evaluated by an infusion ESI-MS analysis of the most common antiretroviral dideoxynucleosides, followed by CE/MS coupling analysis of several antidepressant drugs. With infusion studies, the effects of the sheath liquid and the sample flow rates on detection sensitivity and signal stability were investigated. For an emitter with an internal diameter of 30 mum, the optimum flow rates for the sheath and the sample were 200 and 300 nL/min, respectively. The main improvement of this approach in comparison with conventional sheath liquid approaches using an ionspray interface is the gain in sensitivity. Sensitivities were three times better for dideoxynucleosides analyzed by infusion and 12 times higher for antidepressant drugs analyzed by CEMS with this interface compared with ionspray. The emitter is durable, disposable, and simple to fabricate. Copyright Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Accession: 011708650

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15593250

DOI: 10.1002/rcm.1769



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