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Allatostatins and allatotropin in the corpus cardiacum/corpus allatum complex of larval and adult lepidopterans studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy: correlation to juvenile hormone biosynthesis


Cell and Tissue Research 314(2): 281-295
Allatostatins and allatotropin in the corpus cardiacum/corpus allatum complex of larval and adult lepidopterans studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy: correlation to juvenile hormone biosynthesis
Peptidergic innervation of the corpus cardiacum/corpus allatum (CC/CA) retrocerebral complex, and neurosecretory areas of the brain of the lepidopterans Lacanobia oleracea, Heliothis virescens and Manduca sexta was studied by immunocytochemistry linked to confocal laser scanning microscopy. The patterns of immunostaining resulting from the simultaneous application of fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies against Manduca sexta allatostatin (Mas-AS), M. sexta allatotropin (Mas-AT), and a representative of the -Y/FXFGL-NH(2) superfamily of allatostatins was correlated with the physiological effects of these putative allatoregulatory peptides on juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthesis by the corpora allata. Whereas the two types of allatostatin immunoreactivity are present in both larval and adult CA of the three species, allatotropin immunoreactivity occurs only in the adult gland. The conclusion that withdrawal of the stimulatory effect of allatotropin is unlikely to be involved in the downregulation of CA activity prior to the onset of metamorphosis, but that an inhibitory influence of at least Mas-AS is important, is borne out in physiological experiments on JH biosynthesis in M. sexta larvae (Mas-AS inhibitory, Mas-AT without effect). Immunoreactivity to the Y/FXFGL-NH(2) allatostatins is present in both larval and adult CA and CC, frequently co-localised with Mas-AS. The function of this peptide family in the retrocerebral complex remains enigmatic since experiments on JH biosynthesis, either when the peptide is administered alone, or together with Mas-AS, show no effect on JH biosynthesis.


Accession: 011739990

PMID: 12938035

DOI: 10.1007/s00441-003-0783-4



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