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Altitudinal distribution and association of Betula utilis D. Don in Western Himalaya



Altitudinal distribution and association of Betula utilis D. Don in Western Himalaya



Phytotaxonomy 2: 106-107



Betula utilis D. Don (Bhojpatra) is a well known tree since time immemorial. In Western Himalaya, it is generally said to form the tree line above 3300 m, which sometimes is not the case. Extensive field surveys in the region have revealed that Betula utilis occurs even at lower altitudes around 2400 m in association with species like Prunus cornuta, Syringa emodi, Pinus wallichiana, etc. At certain places, Pinus wallichiana replaces Betula utilis to form the tree line.

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