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Analyte and system eigenpeaks in nonaqueous capillary zone electrophoresis: theoretical description and experimental confirmation with methanol as solvent

Analyte and system eigenpeaks in nonaqueous capillary zone electrophoresis: theoretical description and experimental confirmation with methanol as solvent

Electrophoresis 26(2): 463-472

A mathematical model developed for aqueous solutions and adapted to methanol as solvent was applied to predict the electromigration characteristics of analytes and background electrolytes in capillary zone electrophoresis. These characteristics are the effective mobility, and the tendency of the analyte to undergo peak-broadening due to electromigration dispersion. The input parameters for calculation like limiting mobilities and dissociation constants were experimentally determined or taken from the literature. By the aid of the model, the molar response for conductivity detection was calculated as well as the transfer ratio when indirect UV detection was used. They allow depicting the electropherogram by computer simulation. An additional important program output is the prediction of the occurrence of system- or eigenpeaks that mimic peaks of analytes or electroosmotic flow markers. The measured electropherograms were in agreement with those theoretically predicted. Deviations were attributed to ion pairing in methanolic solutions, which was not implemented in the model.

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Accession: 011759173

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PMID: 15657898

DOI: 10.1002/elps.200406165

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