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Assessment of left ventricular systolic function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation and dilated cardiomyopathy using the ratio of preceding to prepreceding R-R intervals



Assessment of left ventricular systolic function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation and dilated cardiomyopathy using the ratio of preceding to prepreceding R-R intervals



International Journal of Cardiology 108(2): 197-201



The objective of this study was to determine the relation between left ventricular (LV) systolic function and the ratio of preceding (RR1) to prepreceding (RR2) R-R intervals in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and dilated cardiomyopathy. LV systolic function (Emax) was examined using a conductance catheter with a micromanometer in 13 patients with chronic AF and dilated cardiomyopathy. We calculated Emax as a load-independent index of LV contractility and compared it with RR1, RR2, and the ratio of RR1/RR2. We analyzed 50+/-13 cardiac cycles (range 18-61) in each patient. Average heart rate was 80+/-13 beats/min, and ejection fraction over all cardiac cycle in each patient measured by conductance catheter was 31+/-8%. Emax was positively correlated with RR1 and RR1/RR2 in all patients, and negatively correlated with RR2 in all patients. In each patient, correlation coefficients of Emax with RR1/RR2 were greater than those with either RR1 or RR2. Furthermore, Emax at RR1/RR2=1 in the linear regression line reflected average Emax over all cardiac cycles in each patient. In conclusion, we have shown that LV contractility correlated positively with RR1/RR2 in patients with chronic AF and dilated cardiomyopathy, and LV contractility at RR1/RR2=1 represents the average value of contractility over all cardiac cycles.

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Accession: 011783552

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15936095

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2005.05.001


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