Binding and signal transduction characteristics of the nonpeptide vasopressin V1A receptor-selective antagonist YM218 in cultured rat mesangial cells
Tahara, A.; Tsukada, J.; Tomura, Y.; Kusayama, T.; Momose, K.; Taniguchi, N.; Suzuki, T.; Yatsu, T.; Shibasaki, M.
Pharmacology 78(2): 81-90
ISSN/ISBN: 0031-7012 PMID: 16966841 DOI: 10.1159/000095698
Vasopressin (AVP) causes mesangial cell contraction, proliferation and hypertrophy. The present study investigated the effects of YM218, a potent, nonpeptide AVP V(1A) receptor-selective antagonist, on rat mesangial cells using binding, signal transduction and cell growth assays. Specific binding of (3)H-AVP to rat mesangial cell plasma membranes was dependent upon time, temperature and membrane protein concentration. Scatchard plot analysis of equilibrium binding data revealed the existence of a single class of high-affinity binding sites with the expected V(1A) receptor profile. YM218 showed high affinity for V(1A) receptors, exhibiting a K(i) value of 0.19 nmol/l. AVP concentration-dependently increased intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) levels, stimulated mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and induced hyperplasia. Conversely, YM218 potently suppressed [Ca(2+)](i) elevation, activation of MAP kinase and hyperplasia induced by AVP. These results indicate that YM218 displays both high affinity for rat mesangial cell V(1A) receptors and high potency in inhibiting AVP-induced signal transduction and growth response. Therefore, YM218 is a useful pharmacologic tool for investigating the physiologic and pathophysiologic roles of AVP in kidney, and may have clinical application in the prevention or regression of mesangial cell growth.