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Characterization of aryl acylamidase activity from propanil-resistant barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli Beauv.)



Characterization of aryl acylamidase activity from propanil-resistant barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli Beauv.)



Weed Biology and Management 6(4): 197-203



The enzyme, aryl acylamidase, was characterized in propanil-susceptible and propanil-resistant barnyardgrass with respect to kinetic parameters, the effects of inhibitors, and the levels of activity in dark- and light-grown tissues. The enzyme reaction in the resistant tissue preparation proceeded linearly with time over a 5 h time course, while activity in the susceptible tissue preparation was 2- to 4-fold lower and the activity tended to decrease after 2 h. The apparent Km values were 62.1 mmol L superscript -1(B and 3.1 mmol L superscript -1(B for the enzyme activity in the susceptible and resistant tissue preparations, respectively. Two herbicides (anilofos and piperophos), previously shown to synergize propanil injury against the resistant biotype, were found to be potent inhibitors of the in vitro aryl acylamidase activity.

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Accession: 011848527

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-6664.2006.00218.x



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