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Characterization of cell-cycle progression and growth of WB-F344 normal rat liver epithelial cells following gamma-ray exposure



Characterization of cell-cycle progression and growth of WB-F344 normal rat liver epithelial cells following gamma-ray exposure



Cytometry. Part a 61(2): 134-141



Apparently normal rat liver epithelial cells (WB-F344) have been widely used in studies pertaining to carcinogenesis. Ionizing radiation, a well known carcinogen, is known to perturb cell-cycle progression in a dose-dependent manner, thereby causing delay in cell proliferation. However, for WB-F344 cells, there is a paucity of such data, which are of substantial importance in understanding their radiation response. Here, the distribution of phases in the cell-cycle and the proliferation ability of WB-F344 cells are characterized at various time points after the cells have been irradiated with different doses of gamma-rays. After WB-F344 cells reached 100% confluence, they were trypsinized and suspended at 3.5 x 10(5) cells/ml in culture medium. Cells were irradiated in suspension with (137)Cs gamma-rays at doses from 1-10 Gy. After irradiation, 1 x 10(5) cells were plated into 60 x 15-mm culture dishes and incubated at 37 degrees C, with 2% CO(2) and 98% air. At 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 h postirradiation, cells were harvested, counted, and subjected to flow cytometric cell-cycle analysis. Growth curves of WB-F344 cells irradiated with gamma-rays started to separate at 36 h postirradiation. By 60 h postirradiation, the growth curves for each of the 10 absorbed doses were distinctly separated. Drastic redistributions of control and irradiated cells within G(0)/G(1)-, S-, and G(2)/M-phases of the cell cycle were observed during the first 36 h of cell growth. At each time point postirradiation, cell-cycle phase profiles of irradiated cells were altered in a dose-dependent manner. In general, there was a strong correlation between the percentage of G(2)/M-phase cells and absorbed dose, with the exception of 24 h postirradiation. The percentage of G(2)/M-phase cells increased as a function of time postirradiation, suggestive of delays in the passage of cells through the G(2) cell-cycle checkpoint. This work provides a general description of cell cycle redistribution and repopulation kinetics of WB-F344 cells at various times postirradiation of quiescent cells that were subsequently allowed to proliferate. In general, growth inhibition and delays in progression through G(2)/M-phase correlated well with radiation dose. These data should be of considerable significance in the design of experiments that examine the radiation response of these cells.

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Accession: 011848750

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15382025

DOI: 10.1002/cyto.a.20065


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