Characterization of the 5'-flanking transcriptional regulatory region of chicken growth hormone gene

Ip, S.C.Y.; Lau, J.S.; Au, W.L.; Leung, F.C.

Experimental Biology and Medicine 229(7): 640-649


ISSN/ISBN: 1535-3702
PMID: 15229358
DOI: 10.1177/153537020422900708
Accession: 011850793

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A 1727-bp fragment of 5'-flanking region of chicken growth hormone (cGH) gene has been cloned and sequenced. Various lengths of the 5'-flanking region (122 to 1775 bp) was linked to a luciferase reporter gene, and its transcriptional regulation was examined by an in vitro transient transfection coupled with luciferase assay. Our results demonstrated that pituitary-specific transcription factor, Pit-1, is necessary and sufficient to confer a strong tissue-specific expression. Co-transfection with goldfish or chicken Pit-1 expression vectors significantly restored the luciferase expression in HeLa cells. Site-directed mutagenesis and mobility gel-shift assays further confirmed the position of the Pit-1 binding site at -113/-104. Moreover, a repressive thyroid hormone response element (TRE) was identified at -137/-74, and we propose that interactions between the TRE and Pit-1 sites may be required for its repressive effect.