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Investigations on the organic drift in North Swedish streams
Limitations of Using Microsoft Excel Version 2016 (MS Excel 2016) for Statistical Analysis for Medical Research
Phloem necrosis of coffee in Surinam
Anatomy of Mystus seenghala IV Nervous system
Integrated farming system for gardenland conditions of Coimbatore district - an over view
Tetrapleure (Tetrapleura tetraptera), an unknown African medicinal and spice plant
The origin and phylogenetic significance of the trochophoran larvae 2. evolutionary significance of the larvae of coelomate worms and mollusks
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
Enterobacter amnigenus. An unusual human pathogen
Influence of Seriboost foliar application on leaf yield and leaf protein content in mulberry (Morus spp.), in relation to silkworm cocoon production
The identity of the lipstick mold of cultivated mushrooms agaricus bisporus
Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
'Pan-sukh' disease of Rice in the Central Provinces
Geological age of the Ptilophyllum flora; a critical reassessment
Study of vitellogenesis in birds; physiological phases & role of folliculin in vitellogenesis
Evaluation of WCT coconut and Komadan coconut
Therapy for acne with saccharomyces boulardii
Evidence for Late Cretaceous N-S dextral shear in the west-central crystalline core, North Cascades, Washington
'Rajeshwari' - a high-yielding white seeded variety of sesame for Andhra Pradesh
Manufacture of Ricotta cheese from whey fortified with skim milk powder using different acidulants
Occurrence of Eutrichophilus mexicanus (Rudow, 1866) and Eutrichophilus lobatus (Ewing, 1936) (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae) on Sphiggurus villosus (Cuvier, 1825) (Rodentia: Erethizontidae) in Rio de
Factors affecting fruitfulness in durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.). I. Flowering and pollination
Bronchial cuff pressure change caused by left-sided double-lumen endobronchial tube displacement
Some Biological Applications of Organometallic Compounds
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 11860

Chapter 11860 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.

Chronic cough due to tuberculosis and other infections: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines
, Chest 129(1 Suppl): 197s-201s (2006)

Chronic cough in primary health care attendees, Harare, Zimbabwe: diagnosis and impact of HIV infection
, Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 40(12): 1818-1827 (2005)

Chronic cyclosporine nephrotoxicity: a pig model
, Transplantation Proceedings 37(8): 3298-3301 (2005)

Chronic cyclosporine-induced nephrotoxiciy in heart transplant patients: long-term benefits of treatment with mycophenolate mofetil and low-dose cyclosporine
, Transplantation Proceedings 36(9): 2823-2825 (2004)

Chronic cystitis caused by a bullet in a cat's urinary bladder
, Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja 126(4): 221-224 (2004)

Chronic cytomegalovirus infection and inflammation are associated with prevalent frailty in community-dwelling older women
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 53(5): 747-754 (2005)

Chronic dDAVP infusion in rats decreases the expression of P2Y2 receptor in inner medulla and P2Y2 receptor-mediated PGE2 release by IMCD
, American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 289(4): F768-F776 (2005)

Chronic daily ethanol and withdrawal: 4. Long-term changes in plasma testosterone regulation, but no effect on GnRH gene expression or plasma LH concentrations
, Endocrine 22(2): 143-150 (2003)

Chronic daily ethanol and withdrawal: 6. Effects on rat sympathoadrenal activity during "abstinence"
, Alcohol 38(3): 173-177 (2006)

Chronic daily headache in adolescents: prevalence, impact, and medication overuse
, Neurology 66(2): 193-197 (2006)

Chronic daily headache in childhood and adolescence: clinical aspects and a 4-year follow-up
, Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 24(10): 850-858 (2004)

Chronic daily headache in children
, Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova 105(1): 83-85 (2005)

Chronic daily headache in children and adolescents: a clinic based study from India
, Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 25(10): 795-800 (2005)

Chronic daily headache with analgesic overuse: epidemiology and impact on quality of life
, Neurology 62(8): 1338-1342 (2004)

Chronic daily headache: correlation between the 2004 and the 1988 International Headache Society diagnostic criteria
, Headache 44(7): 684-691 (2004)

Chronic daily headache: risk factors and pathogenetic considerations
, Neurological Sciences: Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology 27(Suppl): S168-S173 (2006)

Chronic daily intrathecal injections of a large volume of fluid increase mast cells in the thalamus of mice
, Brain Research 1056(1): 76-84 (2005)

Chronic decentralization potentiates neurovascular transmission in the isolated rat tail artery, mimicking the effects of spinal transection
, Journal of Physiology 561(Pt 2): 583-596 (2004)

Chronic decrease in flow contributes to heart failure-induced endothelial dysfunction in rats
, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 31(5-6): 302-305 (2004)

Chronic deep brain stimulation for the treatment of tremor in multiple sclerosis: review and case reports
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 74(10): 1392-1397 (2003)

Chronic deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson's disease: effects on cognition, mood, anxiety and personality traits
, European Neurology 55(3): 136-144 (2006)

Chronic delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction as a means to treat alopecia areata
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 135(3): 398-408 (2004)

Chronic depersonalization following illicit drug use: a controlled analysis of 40 cases
, Addiction 98(12): 1731-1736 (2003)

Chronic depletion of glutathione (GSH) and minimal modification of LDL in vivo: its prevention by glutathione mono ester (GME) therapy
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1741(1-2): 103-112 (2005)

Chronic depolarization enhances the trophic effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in rescuing auditory neurons following a sensorineural hearing loss
, Journal of Comparative Neurology 486(2): 145-158 (2005)

Chronic depolarization stimulates norepinephrine transporter expression via catecholamines
, Journal of Neurochemistry 97(4): 1044-1051 (2006)

Chronic depression: medication (nefazodone) or psychotherapy (CBASP) is effective when the other is not
, Archives of General Psychiatry 62(5): 513-520 (2005)

Chronic depression in bipolar disorder
, American Journal of Psychiatry 163(8): 1337-41; Quiz 1478 (2006)

Chronic developmental lead exposure reduces neurogenesis in adult rat hippocampus but does not impair spatial learning
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 86(2): 365-374 (2005)

Chronic di-n-butyl phthalate exposure in rats reduces fertility and alters ovarian function during pregnancy in female Long Evans hooded rats
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 93(1): 189-195 (2006)

Chronic diarrhea in children
, Rossiiskii Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii 50(4): 23-27 (2005)

Chronic diarrhoea after allogenic bone marrow transplantation
, Gut 54(1): 161 174 (2004)

Chronic diarrhoea associated with traumatic pericarditis in a cow: A case report
, Indian Veterinary Journal 80(10): 1051-1052 (2003)

Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis treated with risedronate
, Journal of Rheumatology 32(7): 1376-1378 (2005)

Chronic disease prevention: public health potential and research needs
, Statistics in Medicine 23(22): 3409-3420 (2004)

Chronic disease risk in central New York dairy farmers: results from a large health survey 1989-1999
, American Journal of Industrial Medicine 47(1): 20-26 (2004)

Chronic diseases 1 - Preventing chronic diseases: how many lives can we save?
, Lancet (North American Edition) 366(9496): 1578-1582 (2005)

Chronic diseases 2 - Preventing chronic diseases: taking stepwise action
, Lancet (North American Edition) 366(9497): 1667-1671 (2005)

Chronic diseases 3 - Responding to the threat of chronic diseases in India
, Lancet (North American Edition) 366(9498): 1744-1749,1736 (2005)

Chronic diseases 4 - Preventing chronic diseases in China
, Lancet (North American Edition) 366(9499): 1821-1824 (2005)

Chronic diseases in self-employed French workers
, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 47(9): 909-915 (2005)

Chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tracts and the organ of hearing in population of the Central Federal Territory
, Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 6: 38-40 (2004)

Chronic diseases, locomotor activity limitation and social participation in older women: cross sectional survey of British Women's Heart and Health Study
, Age and Ageing 33(3): 293-298 (2004)

Chronic disorders of consciousness
, Lancet 367(9517): 1181-1192 (2006)

Chronic disruption of body weight but not of stress peptides or receptors in rats exposed to repeated restraint stress
, Hormones and Behavior 49(5): 615-625 (2006)

Chronic drug exposures during development in nonhuman primates: models of brain dysfunction in humans
, Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library 10: 2240-2249 (2005)

Chronic ecstasy (MDMA) use is associated with deficits in task-switching but not inhibition or memory updating executive functions
, Drug and Alcohol Dependence 83(2): 181-184 (2006)

Chronic effect of transrectal split-focus ultrasonic ablation on canine prostatic tissue
, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 68(8): 839-845 (2006)

Chronic effects of angiotensin II and at1 receptor antagonists in subfornical organ-lesioned rats
, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 32(5-6): 462-466 (2005)

Chronic effects of celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, cause enhanced alcohol-induced liver steatosis in rats
, Inflammopharmacology 14(1-2): 36-41 (2006)

Chronic effects of dietary selenium on juvenile Sacramento splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus)
, Environmental Science and Technology 38(22): 6085-6093 (2004)

Chronic effects of different non-esterified fatty acids on pancreatic islets of rats
, Endocrine 29(1): 169-173 (2006)

Chronic effects of fatty acids on pancreatic beta-cell function: new insights from functional genomics
, Diabetes 53(Suppl): S159-S165 (2004)

Chronic effects of low-dose hydrochlorothiazide in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension
, Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 34(5): 396-399 (2006)

Chronic effects of social drinking in a card-sorting task: an event related potential study
, Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 116(2): 376-385 (2005)

Chronic electric stimulation of the midbrain ventral tegmental area increases spleen but not blood natural killer cell cytotoxicity in rats
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 155(1-2): 85-93 (2004)

Chronic electroconvulsive seizure up-regulates beta-catenin expression in rat hippocampus: role in adult neurogenesis
, Biological Psychiatry 54(10): 1006-1014 (2003)

Chronic electrostimulation after nerve repair by self-anastomosis: effects on the size, the mechanical, histochemical and biochemical muscle properties
, Acta Neuropathologica 111(6): 589-600 (2006)

Chronic elevation of parathyroid hormone in mice reduces expression of sclerostin by osteocytes: a novel mechanism for hormonal control of osteoblastogenesis
, Endocrinology 146(11): 4577-4583 (2005)

Chronic endometritis combination with non-inflammatory diseases of the uterine body and cervix
, Arkhiv Patologii 67(4): 37-40 (2005)

Chronic endothelin A receptor blockade in lambs with increased pulmonary blood flow and pressure
, American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 287(3): L592-L597 (2004)

Chronic endothelin exposure inhibits connexin43 expression in cultured cortical astroglia
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 79(3): 303-309 (2005)

Chronic endothelin receptor blockade reduces end-organ damage independently of blood pressure effects in salt-loaded heterozygous Ren-2 transgenic rats
, Physiological Research 53(6): 581-593 (2004)

Chronic endotoxin exposure does not cause sustained structural abnormalities in the fetal sheep lungs
, American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 288(5): L966-L974 (2005)

Chronic enhancement of the intrinsic growth capacity of sensory neurons combined with the degradation of inhibitory proteoglycans allows functional regeneration of sensory axons through the dorsal root entry zone in the mammalian spinal cord
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 25(35): 8066-8076 (2005)

Chronic eosinophilic ascites in a very young child
, European Journal of Pediatrics 162(10): 666-668 (2003)

Chronic eosinophilic leukemia presenting with autoimmune hemolytic anemia and erythrophagocytosis by eosinophils
, American Journal of Hematology 81(6): 458-461 (2006)

Chronic eosinophilic leukemia with 46,XY,1,der(1;7)(q10;p10) translocation
, Annals of Hematology 83(8): 547-548 (2004)

Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia after radiation therapy for breast cancer
, European Respiratory Journal 23(1): 9-13 (2004)

Chronic epilepsy and cognition: a longitudinal study in temporal lobe epilepsy
, Annals of Neurology 54(4): 425-432 (2003)

Chronic equine laminitis is characterised by loss of GLUT1, GLUT4 and ENaC positive laminar keratinocytes
, Equine Veterinary Journal 36(3): 248-254 (2004)

Chronic erythropoietin treatment limits infarct-size in the myocardium in vitro
, Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 19(5): 333-336 (2005)

Chronic esophageal foreign bodies in pediatric patients: a retrospective review
, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 68(3): 265-272 (2004)

Chronic estradiol exposure modulates thyroid structure and decreases T4 and T3 serum levels in middle-aged female rats
, Hormone Research 63(1): 48-54 (2005)

Chronic estrogen sensitizes a subset of mechanosensitive afferents innervating the uterine cervix
, Journal of Neurophysiology 93(4): 2167-2173 (2005)

Chronic estrogen treatment modifies insulin-induced insulin resistance and hypertension in ovariectomized rats
, American Journal of Hypertension 18(9 Pt 1): 1189-1194 (2005)

Chronic estrogenic drug treatment increases preproenkephalin mRNA levels in the rat striatum and nucleus accumbens
, Psychoneuroendocrinology 30(3): 251-260 (2005)

Chronic ethanol consumption alters cardiovascular functions in conscious rats
, Life Sciences 78(19): 2179-2187 (2006)

Chronic ethanol consumption by C57BL/6 mice promotes tolerance to its interoceptive cues and increases extracellular dopamine, an effect blocked by naltrexone
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 27(12): 1892-1900 (2003)

Chronic ethanol consumption decreases mitochondrial and glycolytic production of ATP in liver
, Alcohol and Alcoholism 41(3): 254-260 (2006)

Chronic ethanol consumption does not affect action of propofol on rat hippocampal acetylcholine release in vivo
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 93(5): 737-739 (2004)

Chronic ethanol consumption enhances interleukin-1-mediated signal transduction in rat liver and in cultured hepatocytes
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 27(12): 1979-1986 (2003)

Chronic ethanol consumption enhances phenylephrine-induced contraction in the isolated rat aorta
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 316(1): 233-241 (2005)

Chronic ethanol consumption impairs learning and memory after cessation of ethanol
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 29(6): 971-982 (2005)

Chronic ethanol consumption impairs the circadian rhythm of pro-opiomelanocortin and period genes mRNA expression in the hypothalamus of the male rat
, Journal of Neurochemistry 88(6): 1547-1554 (2004)

Chronic ethanol consumption inhibits hepatic natural killer cell activity and accelerates murine cytomegalovirus-induced hepatitis
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 30(9): 1615-1623 (2006)

Chronic ethanol consumption reduces delta-and mu-opioid receptor-stimulated G-protein coupling in rat brain
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 28(1): 98-104 (2004)

Chronic ethanol consumption transiently reduces adult neural progenitor cell proliferation
, Brain Research 1011(1): 94-98 (2004)

Chronic ethanol drinking by alcohol-preferring rats increases the sensitivity of the posterior ventral tegmental area to the reinforcing effects of ethanol
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 29(3): 358-366 (2005)

Chronic ethanol drinking reduces native T-type calcium current in the thalamus of nonhuman primates
, Brain Research 1089(1): 92-100 (2006)

Chronic ethanol enhances ectodomain shedding in T cells and monocytes
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 28(9): 1399-1407 (2004)

Chronic ethanol exposure downregulates hepatic expression of pregnane X receptor and P450 3A11 in female ICR mice
, Toxicology 215(3): 234-244 (2005)

Chronic ethanol exposure impairs neuronal nitric oxide synthase in the rat intestine
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 30(6): 967-973 (2006)

Chronic ethanol exposure increases microtubule content in PC12 cells
, Bmc Neuroscience 6: 16 (2005)

Chronic ethanol exposure induces an N-type calcium channel splice variant with altered channel kinetics
, Febs Letters 579(3): 671-676 (2005)

Chronic ethanol feeding controls the activities of various sialidases by regulating their relative synthetic rates in the rat liver
, Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 54(8): 1056-1064 (2005)

Chronic ethanol feeding suppresses beta-adrenergic receptor-stimulated lipolysis in adipocytes isolated from epididymal fat
, Endocrinology 147(9): 4330-4338 (2006)

Chronic ethanol induces synaptic but not extrasynaptic targeting of NMDA receptors
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 24(36): 7859-7868 (2004)

Chronic ethanol ingestion and the risk of acute lung injury: a role for glutathione availability?
, Alcohol 33(3): 191-197 (2004)

Chronic ethanol ingestion by mice increases expression of CD80 and CD86 by activated macrophages
, Alcohol 32(2): 91-100 (2004)

Chronic ethanol ingestion facilitates N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function and expression in rat lateral/basolateral amygdala neurons
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 307(3): 1020-1029 (2003)

Chronic ethanol ingestion in rats decreases granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor expression and downstream signaling in the alveolar macrophage
, Journal of Immunology 175(10): 6837-6845 (2005)

Chronic ethanol ingestion increases superoxide production and NADPH oxidase expression in the lung
, American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 34(3): 314-319 (2006)

Chronic ethanol ingestion modulates proanxiety factors expressed in rat central amygdala
, Alcohol 36(2): 83-90 (2005)

Chronic ethanol inhibits CXC chemokine ligand 10 production in human A172 astroglia and astroglial-mediated leukocyte chemotaxis
, Neuroscience Letters 362(3): 220-225 (2004)

Chronic ethanol intake alters circadian period-responses to brief light pulses in rats
, Chronobiology International 22(2): 227-236 (2005)

Chronic ethanol intake impairs insulin signaling in rats by disrupting Akt association with the cell membrane. Role of TRB3 in inhibition of Akt/protein kinase B activation
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(16): 11126-11134 (2006)

Chronic ethanol intake modifies renin-angiotensin system-regulating aminopeptidase activities in mouse cerebellum
, Neuropeptides 39(2): 67-72 (2005)

Chronic ethanol or glucose consumption alter TRH content and pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase II activity in rat limbic regions
, Regulatory Peptides 127(1-3): 141-150 (2005)

Chronic ethanol reduces nicotine-induced dopamine release in PC12 cells
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 27(11): 1846-1851 (2003)

Chronic ethanol treatment enhances inflammatory mediators and cell death in the brain and in astrocytes
, Brain Pathology 14(4): 365-371 (2004)

Chronic ethanol treatment impairs Rac and Cdc42 activation in rat hepatocytes
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 30(7): 1208-1213 (2006)

Chronic ethanol-clonidine hemodynamic interaction in telemetered spontaneously hypertensive rats
, Vascular Pharmacology 41(3): 107-113 (2004)

Chronic ethanol-induced subtype- and subregion-specific decrease in the mRNA expression of metabotropic glutamate receptors in rat hippocampus
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 28(9): 1419-1423 (2004)

Chronic ethanol-mediated decrease in cAMP primes macrophages to enhanced LPS-inducible NF-B-K activity and TNF expression: relevance to alcoholic liver disease
, American Journal of Physiology Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 291(4): G681-G688 (2006)

Chronic ether stress-induced response of urocortin 1 neurons in the Edinger-Westphal nucleus in the mouse
, Brain Research 1046(1-2): 172-179 (2005)

Chronic excessive erythrocytosis induces endothelial activation and damage in mouse brain
, American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 290(3): R678-R684 (2006)

Chronic excitotoxicity in the guinea pig cochlea induces temporary functional deficits without disrupting otoacoustic emissions
, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 116(2): 1044-1056 (2004)

Chronic exercise accelerates the degeneration-regeneration cycle and downregulates insulin-like growth factor-1 in muscle of mdx mice
, Muscle and Nerve 32(2): 191-199 (2005)

Chronic exercise and the pro-inflammatory response to endotoxin in the serum and heart
, Immunology Letters 95(2): 213-220 (2004)

Chronic exercise does not prevent hypoxia-induced increased aortic sensitivity to endothelin in rats
, Vascular Pharmacology 44(5): 333-337 (2006)

Chronic experimental myocardial infarction produces antinatriuresis by a renal nerve-dependent mechanism
, Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 37(2): 285-293 (2004)

Chronic exposure of cells expressing recombinant GABAA receptors to benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil enhances the maximum number of benzodiazepine binding sites
, Life Sciences 76(3): 303-317 (2004)

Chronic exposure of rats to noise: relationship between long-term memory deficits and slow wave sleep disturbances
, Behavioural Brain Research 171(2): 303-312 (2006)

Chronic exposure to Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol downregulates oxytocin and oxytocin-associated neurophysin in specific brain areas
, Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences 31(4): 795-804 (2006)

Chronic exposure to EGF affects trafficking and function of ENaC channel in cystic fibrosis cells
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 331(2): 503-511 (2005)

Chronic exposure to GSM 1800-MHz microwaves reduces excitatory synaptic activity in cultured hippocampal neurons
, Neuroscience Letters 398(3): 253-257 (2006)

Chronic exposure to TNF-alpha increases airway mucus gene expression in vivo
, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 116(6): 1256-1263 (2005)

Chronic exposure to U18666A induces apoptosis in cultured murine cortical neurons
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 315(2): 408-417 (2004)

Chronic exposure to U18666A is associated with oxidative stress in cultured murine cortical neurons
, Journal of Neurochemistry 98(4): 1278-1289 (2006)

Chronic exposure to a 1.439 GHz electromagnetic field used for cellular phones does not promote N-ethylnitrosourea induced central nervous system tumors in F344 rats
, Bioelectromagnetics 26(1): 59-68 (2005)

Chronic exposure to aluminum in drinking water increases inflammatory parameters selectively in the brain
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 75(4): 565-572 (2004)

Chronic exposure to ammonia alters basal and NMDA-induced phosphorylation of NMDA receptor-subunit NR1
, Neuroscience 140(4): 1239-1244 (2006)

Chronic exposure to ammonia alters the modulation of phosphorylation of microtubule-associated protein 2 by metabotropic glutamate receptors 1 and 5 in cerebellar neurons in culture
, Neuroscience 133(1): 185-191 (2005)

Chronic exposure to ammonia induces isoform-selective alterations in the intracellular distribution and NMDA receptor-mediated translocation of protein kinase C in cerebellar neurons in culture
, Journal of Neurochemistry 92(1): 143-157 (2004)

Chronic exposure to an environmental noise permanently disturbs sleep in rats: inter-individual vulnerability
, Brain Research 1059(1): 72-82 (2005)

Chronic exposure to anesthetic gases affects balance control in operating room personnel
, Neurotoxicology 26(2): 193-198 (2005)

Chronic exposure to benzene results in a unique form of dysplasia
, Leukemia Research 29(12): 1371-1380 (2005)

Chronic exposure to coal fly ash causes minimal changes in corticosterone and testosterone concentrations in male southern toads Bufo terrestris
, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 51(2): 263-269 (2006)

Chronic exposure to cocaine binging predisposes to an accelerated course of dilated cardiomyopathy in conscious dogs following rapid ventricular pacing
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 315(3): 1013-1019 (2005)

Chronic exposure to constant light affects morphology and secretion of adrenal zona fasciculata cells in female rats
, General Physiology and Biophysics 24(3): 299-309 (2005)

Chronic exposure to dibromoacetic acid, a water disinfection byproduct, diminishes primordial follicle populations in the rabbit
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 80(1): 83-91 (2004)

Chronic exposure to different ambient temperatures affects beta-AR profile and heart responsiveness to isoproterenol and calcium
, Israel Journal of Zoology 49(2-3): 219-231 (2003)

Chronic exposure to ethanol alters neurotrophin content in the basal forebrain-cortex system in the mature rat: effects on autocrine-paracrine mechanisms
, Journal of Neurobiology 60(4): 490-498 (2004)

Chronic exposure to everyday discrimination and coronary artery calcification in African-American women: the SWAN Heart Study
, Psychosomatic medicine 68(3): 362-368 (2006)

Chronic exposure to gamma radiation of wild populations of meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus)
, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 75(3): 233-266 (2004)

Chronic exposure to high glucose impairs bradykinin-stimulated nitric oxide production by interfering with the phospholipase-C-implicated signalling pathway in endothelial cells: evidence for the involvement of protein kinase C
, Diabetologia 47(12): 2093-2104 (2004)

Chronic exposure to high levels of particulate air pollution and small airway remodeling
, Environmental Health Perspectives 111(5): 714-718 (2003)

Chronic exposure to lead chromate causes centrosome abnormalities and aneuploidy in human lung cells
, Cancer Research 66(8): 4041-4048 (2006)

Chronic exposure to low doses bisphenol A interferes with pair-bonding and exploration in female Mongolian gerbils
, Brain Research Bulletin 65(3): 249-254 (2005)

Chronic exposure to methylated arsenicals stimulates arsenic excretion pathways and induces arsenic tolerance in rat liver cells
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 91(1): 70-81 (2006)

Chronic exposure to morphine produces a marked cardioprotective phenotype in aged mouse hearts
, Experimental Gerontology 39(7): 1021-1026 (2004)

Chronic exposure to rotenone models sporadic Parkinson's disease in Drosophila melanogaster
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 24(48): 10993-10998 (2004)

Chronic exposure to tolbutamide and glibenclamide impairs insulin secretion but not transcription of K(ATP) channel components
, Pharmacological Research 50(1): 41-46 (2004)

Chronic exposure to typical or atypical antipsychotics in rodents: temporal effects on central alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors
, Neuroscience 136(2): 519-529 (2005)

Chronic expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in the central nervous system causes delayed encephalopathy and impaired microglial function in mice
, FASEB Journal 19(7): 761-772 (2005)

Chronic extrinsic denervation of the small bowel: effect on adrenergic and cholinergic contractile mechanisms in canine ileal circular muscle
, Surgery 134(5): 783-790 (2003)

Chronic fatigue and indicators of long-term employment disability in psychosomatic inpatients
, Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 116(5-6): 182-189 (2004)

Chronic fatigue and sociodemographic characteristics as predictors of psychiatric disorders in a community-based sample
, Psychosomatic Medicine 65(5): 896-901 (2003)

Chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs)
, Swiss Medical Weekly 134(19-20): 268-276 (2004)

Chronic fatigue syndrome and health control in adolescents and parents
, Archives of Disease in Childhood 90(10): 1020-1024 (2005)

Chronic fatigue syndrome and sexual dysfunction
, Journal of Psychosomatic Research 56(2): 199-201 (2004)

Chronic fatigue syndrome impairs circadian rhythm of activity level
, Physiology and Behavior 82(5): 849-853 (2004)

Chronic fatigue syndrome in adolescents: a follow-up study
, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 158(3): 225-229 (2004)

Chronic fatigue syndrome in children: a cross sectional survey
, Archives of Disease in Childhood 88(10): 894-898 (2003)

Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with diminished intracellular perforin
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 142(3): 505-511 (2005)

Chronic fatigue syndrome-like caseness as a predictor of work status in fatigued employees on sick leave: four year follow up study
, Occupational and Environmental Medicine 63(8): 570-572 (2006)

Chronic fatigue syndrome: an endocrine disease off limits for endocrinologists?
, European Journal of Clinical Investigation 33(12): 1029-1031 (2003)

Chronic fatigue syndrome: exercise performance related to immune dysfunction
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 37(10): 1647-1654 (2005)

Chronic fatigue syndrome: a systematic review
, Annales de Readaptation et de Medecine Physique: Revue Scientifique de la Societe Francaise de Reeducation Fonctionnelle de Readaptation et de Medecine Physique 49(6): 337-47 418-27 (2006)

Chronic fatigue syndrome: assessment of increased oxidative stress and altered muscle excitability in response to incremental exercise
, Journal of Internal Medicine 257(3): 299-310 (2005)

Chronic fatigue syndrome: intracellular immune deregulations as a possible etiology for abnormal exercise response
, Medical Hypotheses 62(5): 759-765 (2004)

Chronic fentanyl application induces adrenocortical insufficiency
, Journal of Internal Medicine 257(5): 478-480 (2005)

Chronic fentanyl or buprenorphine infusion in the mouse: similar analgesic profile but different effects on immune responses
, Pain 110(1-2): 385-392 (2004)

Chronic fluoxetine administration desensitizes the hyperglycemia but not the anorexia induced by serotonin in rats receiving fructose-enriched chow
, Neuroscience Letters 404(1-2): 6-8 (2006)

Chronic fluoxetine administration inhibits extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation in rat brain
, Journal of Neurochemistry 93(6): 1551-1560 (2005)

Chronic fluoxetine induces region-specific changes in translation factor eIF4E and eEF2 activity in the rat brain
, European Journal of Neuroscience 23(10): 2814-2818 (2006)

Chronic fluoxetine microdialysis into the medullary raphe nuclei of the rat, but not systemic administration, increases the ventilatory response to CO2
, Journal of Applied Physiology 97(5): 1763-1773 (2004)

Chronic fluoxetine suppresses circulating estrogen and the enhanced spatial learning of estrogen-treated ovariectomized rats
, Psychoneuroendocrinology 29(10): 1241-1249 (2004)

Chronic fluoxetine-induced desensitization of 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B autoreceptors: regional differences and effects of WAY-100635
, European Journal of Pharmacology 486(1): 25-30 (2004)

Chronic fluvastatin treatment alters vascular contraction by inhibiting the Rho/Rho-kinase pathway
, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 33(8): 673-678 (2006)

Chronic food limitation of egg production in populations of copepods of the genus Acartia in the San Francisco Estuary
, Estuaries ust; 28(4): 541-550 (2005)

Chronic food restriction and dopamine transporter function in rat striatum
, Brain Research 1082(1): 98-101 (2006)

Chronic footshock, but not a physiological stressor, suppresses the alcohol deprivation effect in dependent rats
, Alcohol and Alcoholism 39(3): 190-196 (2004)

Chronic fuel oil toxicity in American mink (Mustela vison): systemic and hematological effects of ingestion of a low-concentration of bunker C fuel oil
, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 200(2): 146-158 (2004)

Chronic gastric electrical stimulation for gastroparesis reduces the use of prokinetic and/or antiemetic medications and the need for hospitalizations
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 50(7): 1328-1334 (2005)

Chronic gastritis is not associated with gastric dysrhythmia or delayed solid emptying in children with dyspepsia
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 50(6): 1012-1018 (2005)

Chronic gastritis with expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase is associated with high expression of interleukin-6 and hypergastrinaemia
, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 19(12): 1309-1314 (2004)

Chronic gingivitis in a new BTK mutation
, European Journal of Haematology 76(2): 171-175 (2006)

Chronic gliosis induced by loss of S-100B: knockout mice have enhanced GFAP-immunoreactivity but blunted response to a serotonin challenge
, Brain Research 1031(1): 1-9 (2005)

Chronic glomerulonephritis and pregnancy
, Terapevticheskii Arkhiv 76(9): 21-26 (2004)

Chronic glucocorticoid deficiency-induced abnormal aggression, autonomic hypoarousal, and social deficit in rats
, Journal of Neuroendocrinology 16(6): 550-557 (2004)

Chronic glucocorticoid treatment alters spontaneous pulsatile parathyroid hormone secretory dynamics in human subjects
, European Journal of Endocrinology 152(2): 199-205 (2005)

Chronic glucose-lowering effects of rosiglitazone and bis(ethylmaltolato)oxovanadium(IV) in ZDF rats
, Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 81(11): 1049-1055 (2004)

Chronic glycine treatment inhibits ligature-induced periodontal disease in Wistar rats
, Journal of Periodontal Research 40(1): 43-47 (2005)

Chronic graft versus host disease of oral mucosa: review of available therapies
, Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontics 101(2): 175-183 (2006)

Chronic graft-versus-host disease following varicella-zoster virus infection in allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients
, International Journal of Hematology 78(4): 370-373 (2003)

Chronic graft-versus-host disease of the liver presenting as an acute hepatitis following nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
, International Journal of Hematology 79(5): 501-504 (2004)

Chronic graft-versus-host disease-like autoimmune disorders spontaneously occurred in rats with neonatal thymus atrophy
, European Journal of Immunology 35(6): 1731-1740 (2005)

Chronic graft-versus-host disease: clinical features and grading systems
, International Journal of Hematology 79(3): 216-220 (2004)

Chronic graft-versus-host reaction is associated with a decrease in Ig light chain receptor editing in bone marrow self-reactive B cells
, European Journal of Immunology 34(5): 1361-1370 (2004)

Chronic graft-versus-host-disease-like dermopathy in a child with CD4+ cell microchimerism
, Dermatology (Basel) 210(1): 68-71 (2005)

Chronic granulomatous disease in Latin American patients: clinical spectrum and molecular genetics
, Pediatric Blood and Cancer 46(2): 243-252 (2006)

Chronic granulomatous disease presenting with disseminated intracranial aspergillosis
, Pediatric Blood and Cancer 47(1): 107-110 (2006)

Chronic granulomatous disease presenting with eosinophilic inflammation
, Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 24(11): 1020-1021 (2005)

Chronic granulomatous disease: a clinical survey of 41 patients from the Iranian primary immunodeficiency registry
, International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 134(3): 253-259 (2004)

Chronic granulomatous herpes simplex encephalitis in children
, Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 63(11): 1173-1181 (2004)

Chronic granulomatous mastitis in the practice of pathologists
, Arkhiv Patologii 67(4): 25-29 (2005)

Chronic granulomatous pleuritis caused by nocardia: PCR based diagnosis by nocardial 16S rDNA in pathological specimens
, Journal of Clinical Pathology 56(12): 966-969 (2003)

Chronic haematogenous Pseudomonas aeruginosa osteomyelitis of the clavicle, a case report and review of the literature
, European Journal of Pediatrics 165(6): 424-426 (2006)

Chronic haematoma or soft-tissue neoplasm? A diagnostic dilemma
, Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 124(7): 495-497 (2004)

Chronic haloperidol or clozapine treatment does not alter parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the rat frontal cortex or hippocampus
, Neuroscience Letters 373(1): 57-60 (2005)

Chronic haloperidol promotes corticostriatal long-term potentiation by targeting dopamine D2L receptors
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 24(38): 8214-8222 (2004)

Chronic headache relief after section of suboccipital muscle dural connections: a case report
, Headache 44(1): 84-89 (2004)

Chronic health effects in people exposed to arsenic via the drinking water: dose-response relationships in review
, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 198(3): 243-252 (2004)

Chronic heart failure - an epidemic of the 21 st century
, Orvosi Hetilap 146(20, Suppl 2): 1075-1087 (2005)

Chronic heart failure patients with restrictive LV filling pattern have significantly less benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy than patients with late LV filling pattern
, International Journal of Cardiology 100(1): 5-12 (2005)

Chronic heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction: diagnostic and prognostic value of left atrial size
, International Journal of Cardiology 110(3): 386-392 (2006)

Chronic heart rate reduction remodels ion channel transcripts in the mouse sinoatrial node but not in the ventricle
, Physiological Genomics 24(1): 4-12 (2005)

Chronic heat stress and cognitive development: An example of thermal conditions influencing human development
, Developmental Review 26(3): 277-290 (2006)

Chronic heat-shock treatment driven differentiation induces apoptosis in Leishmania donovani
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 289(1-2): 83-90 (2006)

Chronic heavy ethanol consumption is associated with decreased platelet aggregation in rats
, Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 206(2): 85-90 (2005)

Chronic hematic cyst of the temporomandibular joint
, Saudi Medical Journal 26(8): 1283-1285 (2005)

Chronic hemodynamic effects after radiofrequency catheter ablation of frequent monomorphic ventricular premature beats
, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 16(10): 1057-1063 (2005)

Chronic hemorrhagic ulcers of the small intestine
, Stomach and Intestine (Tokyo) 40(4): 581-585 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis B in children after e antigen seroclearance: final report of a 29-year longitudinal study
, Hepatology 43(3): 556-562 (2006)

Chronic hepatitis B infection: long term comparison of children receiving interferon alpha and untreated controls
, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 40(2): 141-145 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis B reactivation following infliximab therapy in Crohn's disease patients: need for primary prophylaxis
, Gut 53(9): 1363-1365 (2004)

Chronic hepatitis B viral infection independently predicts renal outcome in type 2 diabetic patients
, Diabetologia 49(8): 1777-1784 (2006)

Chronic hepatitis B virus infection and dyslipidemia
, Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 103(4): 286-291 (2004)

Chronic hepatitis B virus infection and mortality from non-liver causes: results from the Haimen City cohort study
, International Journal of Epidemiology 34(1): 132-137 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the Asia-Pacific region and Africa: review of disease progression
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 20(6): 833-843 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis B: a long-term retrospective cohort study of disease progression in Shanghai, China
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 18(12): 1345-1352 (2003)

Chronic hepatitis C and Crohn's disease: nosocomial infection treatment with PEG-interferon plus ribavirin
, Digestion 73(4): 210-214 (2006)

Chronic hepatitis C and type II diabetes mellitus: a prospective cross-sectional study
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 100(1): 48-55 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis C in Latinos: natural history, treatment eligibility, acceptance, and outcomes
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 100(10): 2186-2193 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis C in childhood: an 18-year experience
, Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 41(10): 1431-1437 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis C in patients with HIV/AIDS: a new challenge in antiviral therapy
, Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 56(6): 991-995 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis C treatment patterns in African American patients: an update
, American journal of gastroenterology 100(3): 716-722 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis C treatment. Side effects and their management
, Saudi Medical Journal 24(Suppl): S76-S78 (2003)

Chronic hepatitis C virus infection in older adults
, Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 41(11): 1606-1612 (2005)

Chronic hepatitis C virus management: 2000-2005 update
, Annals of pharmacotherapy 40(1): 74-82 (2006)

Chronic hepatitis delta virus infection with genotype IIb variant is correlated with progressive liver disease
, Journal of General Virology 84(Pt 12): 3275-3289 (2003)

Chronic hepatotoxicity of carbon tetrachloride in hsp-70 knock out mice
, Experimental Animals 53(1): 27-30 (2004)

Chronic herpes simplex virus type-2 infection and HIV viral load
, International Journal of Std and Aids 16(11): 733-735 (2005)

Chronic high doses of thioacetamide followed by vitamin A modify dolichol, dolichol isoprenoids, and retinol content in rat liver cells
, Drug and Chemical Toxicology 28(1): 91-104 (2005)

Chronic high glucose inhibits albumin reabsorption by lysosomal alkalinization in cultured porcine proximal tubular epithelial cells (LLC-PK1)
, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 72(3): 223-230 (2006)

Chronic high glucose lowers pyruvate dehydrogenase activity in islets through enhanced production of long chain acyl-CoA: prevention of impaired glucose oxidation by enhanced pyruvate recycling through the malate-pyruvate shuttle
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(9): 7470-7475 (2004)

Chronic high pressure-induced arterial oxidative stress: involvement of protein kinase C-dependent NAD(P)H oxidase and local renin-angiotensin system
, American Journal of Pathology 165(1): 219-226 (2004)

Chronic high-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus and L-DOPA treatment in experimental parkinsonism: effects on motor behaviour and striatal glutamate transmission
, European Journal of Neuroscience 24(6): 1802-1814 (2006)

Chronic histological effects of the flat interface nerve electrode
, Journal of Neural Engineering 3(2): 102-113 (2006)

Chronic hydroxychloroquine use associated with QT prolongation and refractory ventricular arrhythmia
, Clinical Toxicology 44(2): 173-175 (2006)

Chronic hyperalgesia induced by repeated acid injections in muscle is abolished by the loss of ASIC3, but not ASIC1
, Pain. Supplement 106(3): 229-239 (2003)

Chronic hyperammonemia alters motor and neurochemical responses to activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors in the nucleus accumbens in rats in vivo
, Neurobiology of Disease 14(3): 380-390 (2003)

Chronic hyperammonemia in vivo impairs long-term potentiation in hippocampus by altering activation of cyclic GMP-dependent-protein kinase and of phosphodiesterase 5
, Journal of Neurochemistry 94(4): 934-942 (2005)

Chronic hypercapnia modulates respiratory-related central pH/CO2 chemoreception in an amphibian, Bufo marinus
, Journal of Experimental Biology 209(Pt 6): 1135-1146 (2006)

Chronic hyperglycemia attenuates coronary collateral development and impairs proliferative properties of myocardial interstitial fluid by production of angiostatin
, Circulation 109(19): 2343-2348 (2004)

Chronic hyperglycemia enhances PEPCK gene expression and hepatocellular glucose production via elevated liver activating protein/liver inhibitory protein ratio
, Diabetes 54(4): 976-984 (2005)

Chronic hyperglycemia modulates osteoblast gene expression through osmotic and non-osmotic pathways
, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 99(2): 411-424 (2006)

Chronic hyperglycemia predisposes to exaggerated inflammatory response and leukocyte dysfunction in Akita mice
, Journal of Immunology 177(10): 7250-7256 (2006)

Chronic hyperglycemia, independent of plasma lipid levels, is sufficient for the loss of beta-cell differentiation and secretory function in the db/db mouse model of diabetes
, Diabetes 54(9): 2755-2763 (2005)

Chronic hyperprolinemia provokes a memory deficit in the Morris water maze task
, Metabolic Brain Disease 20(1): 73-80 (2005)

Chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis
, American Journal of Surgical Pathology 30(2): 201-208 (2006)

Chronic hypobaric hypoxia does not affect electro-mechanical muscle activities during sustained maximal isometric contractions
, European Journal of Applied Physiology 90(3-4): 337-343 (2003)

Chronic hypobaric hypoxia induces tolerance to acute hypoxia and up-regulation in alpha-2 adrenoceptor in rat locus coeruleus
, Brain Research 1106(1): 82-90 (2006)

Chronic hypoperfusion alters the content and structure of proteins and lipids of rat brain homogenates: a Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study
, European Biophysics Journal: Ebj 33(6): 549-554 (2004)

Chronic hypoxia abolishes expiratory prolongation following carotid sinus nerve stimulation in the anesthetized rat
, Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 146(2-3): 269-277 (2005)

Chronic hypoxia alters calbindin D-28k immunoreactivity in lingual and laryngeal taste buds in the rat
, Histology and Histopathology 21(12): 1271-1276 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia alters vasoconstrictive responses of femoral artery in the fetal sheep
, Journal of Korean Medical Science 20(1): 13-19 (2005)

Chronic hypoxia and the cerebral circulation
, Journal of Applied Physiology 100(2): 725-730 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia augments protein kinase G-mediated Ca2+ desensitization in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle through inhibition of RhoA/Rho kinase signaling
, American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 287(6): L1220-L1229 (2004)

Chronic hypoxia augments uterine artery distensibility and alters the circumferential wall stress-strain relationship during pregnancy
, Journal of Applied Physiology 100(6): 1842-1850 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y causes reduced expression of the putative alpha-secretases, ADAM10 and TACE, without altering their mRNA levels
, Brain Research 1099(1): 18-24 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia inhibits Kv channel gene expression in rat distal pulmonary artery
, American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 288(6): L1049-L1058 (2005)

Chronic hypoxia inhibits Na+/Ca2+ exchanger expression in cortical astrocytes
, Neuroreport 17(6): 649-652 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia modulates NMDA-mediated regulation of the hypoxic ventilatory response in an amphibian, Bufo marinus
, Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 153(1): 23-38 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia modulates relations among calcium, myosin light chain phosphorylation, and force differently in fetal and adult ovine basilar arteries
, Journal of Applied Physiology 99(1): 120-127 (2005)

Chronic hypoxia modulates the function and expression of melatonin receptors in the rat carotid body
, Journal of Pineal Research 40(2): 125-134 (2006)

Chronic hypoxia up-regulates expression of adenosine A1 receptors in DDT1-MF2 cells
, Biochemical Pharmacology 67(3): 421-426 (2004)

Chronic hypoxia-enhanced murine pulmonary vasoconstriction
, Chest 128(6, Suppl S): 594S-596S (2005)

Chronic hypoxia-induced upregulation of store-operated and receptor-operated Ca2+ channels in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells: a novel mechanism of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension
, Circulation Research 95(5): 496-505 (2004)

Chronic hypoxic decreases in soluble guanylate cyclase protein and enzyme activity are age dependent in fetal and adult ovine carotid arteries
, Journal of Applied Physiology 100(6): 1857-1866 (2006)

Chronic ibuprofen administration worsens cognitive outcome following traumatic brain injury in rats
, Experimental Neurology 201(2): 301-307 (2006)

Chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy revisited
, Journal of Neurology 251(9): 1128-1132 (2004)

Chronic idiopathic cough: a discrete clinical entity?
, Chest 127(5): 1710-1713 (2005)

Chronic idiopathic hyperphosphatasia: normalization of bone turnover with cyclical intravenous pamidronate therapy
, Bone 35(1): 210-216 (2004)

Chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis: clinicopathologic features, pathogenesis, and prognosis
, Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 130(8): 1133-1143 (2006)

Chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis: prognostic impact of myelofibrosis and clinical parameters on event-free survival in 122 patients who presented in prefibrotic and fibrotic stages. A retrospective study identifying subgroups of different prognoses by using the RECPAM method
, Annals of Hematology 82(10): 605-611 (2003)

Chronic idiopathic neutropenia preceding polymyalgia rheumatica and acute myeloid leukemia
, Annals of Hematology 83(12): 791-792 (2004)

Chronic idiopathic orofacial pain. A long-term follow-up study
, Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 62(2): 66-69 (2004)

Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in adult Chinese patients: a retrospective single-centered analysis of 1791 cases
, Chinese Medical Journal 118(1): 34-37 (2005)

Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in children: case reports of spontaneous recovery without splenectomy
, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 23(6): 471-475 (2006)

Chronic idiopathic urticaria with functional autoantibodies: 12 years on
, British Journal of Dermatology 154(5): 813-819 (2006)

Chronic idiopathic urticaria: infiltrating cells and related cytokines in autologous serum-induced wheals
, Clinical Immunology 114(3): 284-292 (2005)

Chronic illness, life style and emotional health in adolescence: results of a cross-sectional survey on the health of 15-20-year-olds in Switzerland
, European Journal of Pediatrics 162(10): 682-689 (2003)

Chronic immobilization stress differentially affects the expression of BDNF mRNA and protein in the mouse hippocampus
, Stress and Health 20(4): 175-180 (2004)

Chronic immune sensory polyradiculopathy: a possibly treatable sensory ataxia
, Neurology 63(9): 1662-1669 (2004)

Chronic immune therapy induces a progressive increase in intratumoral T suppressor activity and a concurrent loss of tumor-specific CD8+ T effectors in her-2/neu transgenic mice bearing advanced spontaneous tumors
, Journal of Immunology 176(12): 7325-7334 (2006)

Chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura in children: assessment of rituximab treatment
, Journal of Pediatrics 146(2): 217-221 (2005)

Chronic implantation of deep brain stimulation leads in animal models of neurological disorders
, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 142(1): 11-16 (2005)

Chronic incidental lead ingestion in a group of captive-reared alligators (Alligator mississippiensis): possible contribution to reproductive failure
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology and Pharmacology: Cbp 142(1-2): 30-35 (2006)

Chronic infantile neurological cutaneous articular syndrome: CD10 over-expression in neutrophils is a possible key to the pathogenesis of the disease
, European Journal of Pediatrics 162(10): 669-673 (2003)

Chronic infection with hepatitis B viruses and antiviral drug evaluation in uPA mice after liver repopulation with tupaia hepatocytes
, Journal of Hepatology 42(1): 54-60 (2005)

Chronic inflammation and hemodialysis reduce immune competence of peripheral blood leukocytes in end-stage renal failure patients
, Cytokine 30(3): 132-138 (2005)

Chronic inflammation and impaired coronary vasoreactivity in patients with coronary risk factors
, Circulation 110(9): 1069-1075 (2004)

Chronic inflammation and increased arterial stiffness in patients with cardiac syndrome X
, European Heart Journal 24(22): 2006-2011 (2003)

Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress in the genesis and perpetuation of cancer: role of lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, and repair
, Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 391(5): 499-510 (2006)

Chronic inflammation and pain inside the mandibular jaw and a 10-year forgotten amalgam filling in an alveolar cavity of an extracted molar tooth
, Ultrastructural Pathology 29(5): 405-413 (2005)

Chronic inflammation does not appear to modify the homozygous hereditary hemochromatosis phenotype
, Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 35(3): 326-327 (2005)

Chronic inflammation in psoriasis and obesity: implications for therapy
, Medical Hypotheses 67(4): 768-773 (2006)

Chronic inflammation modulates ghrelin levels in humans and rats
, Rheumatology 43(3): 306-310 (2004)

Chronic inflammation of the peritoneum and vagina: review of its significance, immunologic pathogenesis, investigation and rationale for treatment
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 50(7): 507-512 (2005)

Chronic inflammation of the vagina: treatment and relationship to autoimmunity
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 50(7): 513-523 (2005)

Chronic inflammation promotes retinoblastoma protein hyperphosphorylation and E2F1 activation
, Cancer Research 65(20): 9132-9136 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and respiratory failure
, Journal of Neurology 252(10): 1235-1237 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in a child: clinical-spinal MR imaging correlation
, Singapore Medical Journal 45(11): 536-537 (2004)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in a patient with hyperIgEaemia
, Journal of the Neurological Sciences 231(1-2): 89-93 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, phrenic nerve and respiratory symptoms
, European Journal of Neurology 12(1): 64-66 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: decreased claudin-5 and relocated ZO-1
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 75(5): 765-769 (2004)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy in patients with liver transplantation
, Muscle and Nerve 30(4): 501-504 (2004)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with autonomic involvement
, Muscle and Nerve 31(1): 108-112 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with tumefactive central demyelination
, Muscle and Nerve 33(2): 283-288 (2006)

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy: MRI study of brain and spinal cord
, Neurology 65(8): 1340; Author Reply 1340 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory intestinal diseases and bone loss
, Gut 54(10): 1508 (2005)

Chronic inflammatory pain leads to increased blood-brain barrier permeability and tight junction protein alterations
, American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 289(2): H738-H743 (2005)

Chronic infusion of angiotensin-(1-7) reduces heart angiotensin II levels in rats
, Regulatory Peptides 125(1-3): 29-34 (2005)

Chronic infusion of bradykinin delays the progression of heart failure and preserves vascular endothelium-mediated vasodilation in conscious dogs
, Circulation 109(1): 114-119 (2004)

Chronic ingestion of uranyl nitrate perturbs acetylcholinesterase activity and monoamine metabolism in male rat brain
, Neurotoxicology 27(2): 245-252 (2006)

Chronic inhalation exposure to mainstream cigarette smoke increases lung and nasal tumor incidence in rats
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 81(2): 280-292 (2004)

Chronic inhaled ovalbumin exposure induces antigen-dependent but not antigen-specific inhalational tolerance in a murine model of allergic airway disease
, American Journal of Pathology 164(1): 295-304 (2004)

Chronic inhibition of NOS-2 ameliorates renal injury, as well as COX-2 and TGF-beta 1 overexpression in 5/6 nephrectomized rats
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 21(11): 3074-3081 (2006)

Chronic inhibition of Na+/H+-exchanger attenuates cardiac hypertrophy and prevents cellular remodeling in heart failure
, Cardiovascular Research 65(1): 83-92 (2005)

Chronic inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 with a sitagliptin analog preserves pancreatic beta-cell mass and function in a rodent model of type 2 diabetes
, Diabetes 55(6): 1695-1704 (2006)

Chronic inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling downregulates insulin receptor substrates 1 and 2 and AKT activation: A crossroad between cancer and diabetes?
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 17(8): 2236-2244 (2006)

Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide increases the collateral vascular responsiveness to vasopressin in portal hypertensive rats
, Journal of Hepatology 40(2): 234-238 (2004)

Chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis enhances both subventricular zone neurogenesis and olfactory learning in adult mice
, European Journal of Neuroscience 24(9): 2461-2470 (2006)

Chronic inhibition of the subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease
, Journal of the Neurological Sciences 219(1-2): 119-124 (2004)

Clinical practice. Chronic insomnia
, New England Journal of Medicine 353(8): 803-810 (2005)

Chronic insomnia and performance in a 24-h constant routine study
, Journal of Sleep Research 14(1): 49-59 (2005)

Chronic intake of separate and combined alcohol and nicotine on body maintenance among albino rats
, Journal of Human Ecology 19(1): 21-24 (2006 )

Chronic interaction between humans and free-ranging bottlenose dolphins near Panama City Beach, Florida, USA
, Journal of Cetacean Research and ManagementSpring; 6(1): 69-77 (2004)

Chronic interleukin-6 (IL-6) treatment increased IL-6 secretion and induced insulin resistance in adipocyte: prevention by rosiglitazone
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 311(2): 372-379 (2003)

Chronic interleukin-6 exposure alters metabotropic glutamate receptor-activated calcium signalling in cerebellar Purkinje neurons
, European Journal of Neuroscience 20(9): 2387-2400 (2004)

Chronic intermittent abdominal pain
, Gut 54(7): 1002 1013 (2005)

Chronic intermittent asphyxia increases platelet reactivity in rats
, Experimental Physiology 90(3): 411-416 (2005)

Chronic intermittent cold stress sensitises the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to a novel acute stress by enhancing noradrenergic influence in the rat paraventricular nucleus
, Journal of Neuroendocrinology 17(11): 761-769 (2005)

Chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) administration in rats decreases levels of neurosteroids in hippocampus, accompanied by altered behavioral responses to neurosteroids and memory function
, Neuropharmacology 46(4): 570-579 (2004)

Chronic intermittent ethanol exposure during adolescence blocks ethanol-induced inhibition of spontaneously active hippocampal pyramidal neurons
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 30(1): 1-6 (2006)

Chronic intermittent ethanol exposure enhances NMDA-receptor-mediated synaptic responses and NMDA receptor expression in hippocampal CA1 region
, Brain Research 1048(1-2): 69-79 (2005)

Chronic intermittent ethanol-induced switch of ethanol actions from extrasynaptic to synaptic hippocampal GABAA receptors
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 26(6): 1749-1758 (2006)

Chronic intermittent hypoxia alters hypothalamic transcription of genes involved in metabolic regulation
, Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical 126-127: 93-99 (2006)

Chronic intermittent hypoxia decreases acute hypoxic inhibition of voltage-gated potassium channel in rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells
, Sheng Li Xue Bao: 56(5): 625-631 (2004)

Chronic intermittent hypoxia enhances cat chemosensory and ventilatory responses to hypoxia
, Journal of Physiology 560(Pt 2): 577-586 (2004)

Chronic intermittent hypoxia induces hypoxia-evoked catecholamine efflux in adult rat adrenal medulla via oxidative stress
, Journal of Physiology 575(Pt 1): 229-239 (2006)

Chronic intermittent injections of high-dose ethanol during adolescence produce metabolic, hypnotic, and cognitive tolerance in rats
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 27(10): 1606-1612 (2003)

Chronic intermittent psychosocial stress (social defeat/overcrowding) in mice increases the severity of an acute DSS-induced colitis and impairs regeneration
, Endocrinology 147(10): 4968-4976 (2006)

Chronic intestinal inflammation and seronegative spondyloarthropathy in children
, Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver 37(10): 761-767 (2005)

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction associated with biliary tract dilatation in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus
, Lupus 14(4): 328-330 (2005)

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to lymphocytic leiomyositis: is there a place for immunomodulatory therapy?
, Gut 54(9): 1343-1344 (2005)

Chronic intoxication with 3-nitropropionic acid in rats induces the loss of striatal dopamine terminals without affecting nigral cell viability
, Neuroscience Letters 354(3): 234-238 (2004)

Chronic intracerebroventricular NGF administration improves working memory in young adult memory deficient rats
, Neuroscience Letters 382(1-2): 45-50 (2005)

Chronic intracerebroventricular administration of relaxin-3 increases body weight in rats
, Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 26(3): 147-158 (2006)

Chronic intracerebroventricular infusion of lipopolysaccharide: effects of ibuprofen treatment and behavioural and histopathological correlates
, Behavioural Pharmacology 16(7): 531-541 (2005)

Chronic intragastric administration of gamma-butyrolactone produces physical dependence in baboons
, Psychopharmacology 189(1): 71-82 (2006)

Chronic intrauterine pulmonary hypertension selectively modifies pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell gene expression
, American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 290(3): L426-L433 (2006)

Chronic iron overload enhances inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in rat liver
, Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry 13(1): 54-61 (2005)

Chronic ischemia induces regional axonal damage in experimental primate optic neuropathy
, Archives of Ophthalmology 122(10): 1517-1525 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease alarm bells rung
, JAMA 290(23): 3051-3052 (2003)

Chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease in a general Japanese population: the Hisayama Study
, Kidney International 68(1): 228-236 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease in the Medicare population
, Kidney International. Supplement 2003(87): S24-S31 (2003)

Chronic kidney disease and cognitive impairment in the elderly: the health, aging, and body composition study
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 16(7): 2127-2133 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease and inflammation in pediatric patients: from bench to playground
, Pediatric Nephrology 20(6): 714-720 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease and its prevention in India
, Kidney International. Supplement 2005(98): S41-S45 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease and mortality risk: a systematic review
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 17(7): 2034-2047 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease and risk of incident myocardial infarction and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged men and women from the general population
, European Heart Journal 27(10): 1245-1250 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease and sudden death: strategies for prevention
, Blood Purification 22(1): 136-142 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease and the risk for cardiovascular disease, renal replacement, and death in the United States Medicare population, 1998 to 1999
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 16(2): 489-495 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a pooled analysis of community-based studies
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 15(5): 1307-1315 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease as cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 20(6): 1048-1056 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease awareness, prevalence, and trends among U.S. adults, 1999 to 2000
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 16(1): 180-188 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease in African American and Mexican American populations
, Kidney international. Supplement 2005(97): S137-S140 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease in Costa Rica
, Kidney International. Supplement 2005(97): S31-S33 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease in long-term survivors of hematopoietic cell transplantation: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and treatment
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 17(7): 1995-2005 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes
, American Journal of Medicine 119(3): 248-254 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease in renal transplant recipients
, Transplantation Proceedings 37(9): 3718-3720 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease is still present after renal transplantation with excellent function
, Transplantation Proceedings 38(4): 1024-1025 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular risk, and response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition after myocardial infarction: the Survival And Ventricular Enlargement (SAVE) study
, Circulation 110(24): 3667-3673 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease: a European perspective
, Kidney International. Supplement 2005(99): S30-S38 (2005)

Chronic kidney disease: the distribution of health care dollars
, Kidney International 66(1): 313-321 (2004)

Chronic kidney disease: evolving strategies for detection and management of impaired renal function
, Qjm: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 99(6): 365-375 (2006)

Chronic kidney disease: the global challenge
, Lancet 365(9456): 331-340 (2005)

Chronic labral tears: value of magnetic resonance arthrography in evaluating the glenoid labrum and labral-bicipital complex
, Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association 20(9): 959-963 (2004)

Chronic laryngitis associated with gastroesophageal reflux: prospective assessment of differences in practice patterns between gastroenterologists and ENT physicians
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 101(3): 470-478 (2006)

Chronic laryngitis in glassblowers
, Industrial Health 43(2): 302-307 (2005)

Chronic levodopa intake increases levodopa plasma bioavailability in patients with Parkinson's disease
, Neuroscience Letters 363(3): 284-287 (2004)

Chronic lithium administration enhances noradrenergic responses to intravenous administration of the alpha2 antagonist idazoxan in healthy volunteers
, Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 24(2): 150-154 (2004)

Chronic lithium chloride administration to rats elevates glucose metabolism in wide areas of brain, while potentiating negative effects on metabolism of dopamine D2-like receptor stimulation
, Psychopharmacology 187(3): 303-311 (2006)

Chronic lithium decreases Nurr1 expression in the rat brain and impairs spatial discrimination
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 79(4): 607-621 (2004)

Chronic lithium treatment affects rat brain and serum dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA-sulphate (DHEA-S) levels
, International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 7(1): 71-75 (2004)

Chronic lithium treatment decreases mutant tau protein aggregation in a transgenic mouse model
, Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: Jad 5(4): 301-308 (2003)

Chronic lithium treatment decreases tau lesions by promoting ubiquitination in a mouse model of tauopathies
, Acta Neuropathologica 110(6): 547-556 (2005)

Chronic lithium treatment has antioxidant properties but does not prevent oxidative damage induced by chronic variate stress
, Neurochemical Research 31(9): 1141-1151 (2006)

Chronic liver disease in murine hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 induces resistance to cell death
, Hepatology 39(2): 433-443 (2004)

Chronic liver disease is triggered by taurine transporter knockout in the mouse
, FASEB Journal 20(3): 574-576 (2006)

Chronic liver disease mortality in the United States, 1990-1998
, Hepatology 39(2): 476-483 (2004)

Chronic liver disease related to 6-thioguanine in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
, Journal of Hepatology 44(2): 407-410 (2006)

Chronic liver injury during obstructive sleep apnea
, Hepatology 41(6): 1290-1296 (2005)

Chronic liver injury in rats and humans upregulates the novel enzyme angiotensin converting enzyme 2
, Gut 54(12): 1790-1796 (2005)

Chronic long-standing headache due to neurocysticercosis
, Headache 46(3): 523-524 (2006)

Chronic low back pain in older adults: prevalence, reliability, and validity of physical examination findings
, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 54(1): 11-20 (2006)

Chronic low back pain-associated paraspinal muscle dysfunction is not the result of a constitutionally determined "adverse" fiber-type composition
, Spine 29(6): 628-634 (2004)

Chronic low dose risperidone and clozapine alleviate positive but not negative symptoms in the rat neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion model of schizophrenia
, Psychopharmacology 176(3-4): 312-319 (2004)

Chronic low-dose administration of nicotine facilitates recovery and synaptic change after focal ischemia in rats
, Neuropharmacology 50(7): 777-787 (2006)

Chronic low-dose antiprogestin impairs preimplantation embryogenesis, but not oocyte nuclear maturation or fertilization in rhesus monkeys
, Steroids 68(10-13): 1041-1051 (2003)

Chronic low-level mercury exposure, BDNF polymorphism, and associations with cognitive and motor function
, Neurotoxicology and Teratology 27(6): 781-796 (2005)

Chronic low-level mercury exposure, BDNF polymorphism, and associations with self-reported symptoms and mood
, Toxicological sciences: an official journal of the Society of Toxicology 81(2): 354-363 (2004)

Chronic lumbar catheterization of the spinal subarachnoid space in mice
, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 133(1-2): 65-69 (2004)

Chronic lumbar epidural haematoma presenting with acute paraparesis
, Acta Neurochirurgica 145(11): 1015-8; discussion 1018 (2003)

Chronic lung abscess with Pasteurella multocida infection
, Internal Medicine 44(7): 754-756 (2005)

Chronic lung diseases in children long living in areas permanently exposed to small-dose radiation
, Rossiiskii Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii 48(4): 22-28 (2003)

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia and concomitant relapsing polychondritis: a report on one treatment for the combined manifestation of two diseases
, Rheumatology 44(9): 1199 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia profiled for prognosis using a fluorescence in situ hybridisation panel
, British Journal of Haematology 132(6): 705-722 (2006)

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia skin infiltrates affecting prominent parts of the face and the scalp
, British Journal of Dermatology 154(5): 981-982 (2006)

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: up-dated recommendations on diagnosis and treatment
, Onkologie 27(1): 97-104 (2004)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells contain anomalous Lyn tyrosine kinase, a putative contribution to defective apoptosis
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 115(2): 369-378 (2005 )

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells of more than 1% of patients express virtually identical immunoglobulins
, Blood 104(8): 2499-2504 (2004)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells induce changes in gene expression of CD4 and CD8 T cells
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 115(7): 1797-1805 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia developing in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia: evidence of distinct lineage-associated genomic events
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 161(1): 74-77 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the course of chronic myelocytic leukemia: evidence of independent clonal origin as shown by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization and fluorescence-activated cell sorting
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 152(2): 146-148 (2004)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma associated with IgM paraprotein
, American Journal of Clinical Pathology 123(4): 594-602 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma with trisomy 12 and focal cyclin d1 expression: a potential diagnostic pitfall
, Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 129(1): 92-95 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a review of some new aspects of the biology, factors influencing prognosis and therapeutic options
, Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 32(1): 85-97 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: diagnosis and treatment
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 81(8): 1105-1129 (2006)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: novel prognostic factors and their relevance for risk-adapted therapeutic strategies
, Haematologica 90(3): 391-399 (2005)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: revelations from the B-cell receptor
, Blood 103(12): 4389-4395 (2004)

Chronic lymphoid leukemias other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia: diagnosis and treatment
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 80(12): 1660-1674 (2005)

Chronic lymphoproliferative disorder with regulatory T-cell phenotype
, American Journal of Hematology 81(9): 713-716 (2006)

Chronic management of blood pressure after stroke
, Hypertension 44(1): 1-5 (2004)

Chronic maternal and fetal Porphyromonas gingivalis exposure during pregnancy in rabbits
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 192(2): 554-557 (2005)

Chronic maternal fluoxetine infusion in pregnant sheep: effects on the maternal and fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes
, Pediatric Research 56(1): 40-46 (2004)

Chronic maternal methanol inhalation in nonhuman primates (Macaca fascicularis): exposure and toxicokinetics prior to and during pregnancy
, Neurotoxicology and Teratology 26(2): 201-221 (2004)

Chronic maternal methanol inhalation in nonhuman primates (Macaca fascicularis): reproductive performance and birth outcome
, Neurotoxicology and Teratology 26(5): 639-650 (2004)

Chronic matrix metalloproteinase inhibition following myocardial infarction in mice: differential effects on short and long-term survival
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 318(3): 966-973 (2006)

Chronic medical conditions and work performance in the health and work performance questionnaire calibration surveys
, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 45(12): 1303-1311 (2003)

Chronic melatonin and binocular plasticity in Xenopus frogs
, General and Comparative Endocrinology 142(3): 274-279 (2005)

Chronic melatonin therapy fails to alter amyloid burden or oxidative damage in old Tg2576 mice: implications for clinical trials
, Brain Research 1037(1-2): 209-213 (2005)

Chronic metabolic acidosis stimulated transcellular and solvent drag-induced calcium transport in the duodenum of female rats
, American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 291(3): G446-G455 (2006)

Chronic methamphetamine increases fighting in mice
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 77(2): 319-326 (2004)

Chronic methionine load-induced hyperhomocysteinemia enhances rat carotid responsiveness for angiotensin II
, Pharmacology 70(2): 91-99 (2004)

Chronic methylphenidate modulates locomotor activity and sensory evoked responses in the VTA and NAc of freely behaving rats
, Neuropharmacology 51(3): 546-556 (2006)

Chronic migraine is an earlier stage of transformed migraine in adults
, Neurology 65(10): 1556-1561 (2005)

Chronic migraine with medication overuse: treatment outcome and disability at 3 years follow-up
, Neurological Sciences: Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology 25(Suppl): S272-S273 (2004)

Chronic mild hyperhomocysteinemia induces aortic endothelial dysfunction but does not elevate arterial pressure in rats
, Journal of Vascular Research 42(2): 148-156 (2005)

Chronic mild reduction of cerebral perfusion pressure induces ischemic tolerance in focal cerebral ischemia
, Stroke 36(10): 2270-2274 (2005)

Chronic mild stress (CMS) revisited: consistency and behavioural-neurobiological concordance in the effects of CMS
, Neuropsychobiology 52(2): 90-110 (2005)

Chronic mild stress exacerbates the effects of permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion on CA1 neurons
, Brain Research 1014(1-2): 228-235 (2004)

Chronic mild stress impact: are females more vulnerable?
, Neuroscience 135(3): 703-714 (2005)

Chronic mild stress induces behavioral and physiological changes, and may alter serotonin 1A receptor function, in male and cycling female rats
, Psychopharmacology 179(4): 769-780 (2004)

Chronic moderate hypoxia during in ovo development alters arterial reactivity in chickens
, Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 447(2): 158-167 (2003)

Chronic morphine accelerates the progression of lipopolysaccharide-induced sepsis to septic shock
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 149(1-2): 90-100 (2004)

Chronic morphine administration results in tolerance to delta opioid receptor-mediated antinociception
, Neuroscience 141(2): 947-954 (2006)

Chronic morphine exposure affects the visual response properties of V1 neurons in cat
, Brain Research 1060(1-2): 81-88 (2005)

Chronic morphine exposure during puberty decreases postpartum prolactin secretion in adult female rats
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 80(3): 445-451 (2005)

Chronic morphine exposure induces degradation of receptive field properties of LGN cells in cats
, Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 26(9): 1034-1038 (2005)

Chronic morphine increases the pituitary-adrenocortical response of juvenile rats to mild stress
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 80(1): 77-85 (2005)

Chronic morphine induces premature mitosis of proliferating cells in the adult mouse subgranular zone
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 76(6): 783-794 (2004)

Chronic morphine sensitizes the brain norepinephrine system to corticotropin-releasing factor and stress
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 24(38): 8193-8197 (2004)

Chronic morphine treatment alters N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in freshly isolated neurons from nucleus accumbens
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 311(1): 265-273 (2004)

Chronic morphine treatment alters expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits in the extended amygdala
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 83(4): 532-537 (2006)

Chronic morphine treatment and withdrawal induce up-regulation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase 3 gene expression in rat brain
, Neuroscience 122(4): 997-1002 (2003)

Chronic morphine treatment differentiates T helper cells to Th2 effector cells by modulating transcription factors GATA 3 and T-bet
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 147(1-2): 78-81 (2004)

Chronic morphine treatment increases the expression of the neural cell adhesion molecule in the dorsal horn of the mouse spinal cord
, Neuroscience Letters 399(3): 202-205 (2006)

Chronic morphine treatment increases the expression of vesicular glutamate transporter 1 in the mouse spinal cord
, European Journal of Pharmacology 535(1-3): 166-168 (2006)

Chronic morphine treatment induces oxidant and apoptotic damage in the mice liver
, Life Sciences 79(10): 972-980 (2006)

Chronic morphine treatment promotes specific Th2 cytokine production by murine T cells in vitro via a Fas/Fas ligand-dependent mechanism
, Journal of Immunology 175(8): 4999-5005 (2005)

Chronic morphine treatment reduces recovery from opioid desensitization
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 24(35): 7699-7706 (2004)

Chronic morphine-mediated adenylyl cyclase superactivation is attenuated by the Raf-1 inhibitor, GW5074
, European Journal of Pharmacology 540(1-3): 57-59 (2006)

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and primary hypothyroidism in two families
, European Journal of Pediatrics 163(10): 604-611 (2004)

Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis in children
, Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 1: 46-49 (2004)

Chronic multiple stress enhances learning and memory capability in rats
, Sheng Li Xue Bao: 56(5): 615-619 (2004)

Chronic multisymptom illness complex in Gulf War I veterans 10 years later
, American Journal of Epidemiology 163(1): 66-75 (2006)

Chronic myelogenous leukemia occurring in two brothers diagnosed 26 years apart
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 160(1): 73-75 (2005)

Chronic myelogenous leukemia that occurred two years after the diagnosis of adult Still's disease
, Internal Medicine 44(9): 994-997 (2005)

Chronic myelogenous leukemia with e13a3 (b2a3) type of BCR-ABL transcript having a DNA breakpoint between ABL exons a2 and a3
, American Journal of Hematology 74(4): 268-272 (2003)

Chronic myeloid leukaemia and hairy cell leukaemia coexisting in a single patient: difficulties at diagnosis and rational of the therapeutic strategy
, Leukemia Research 30(3): 349-353 (2006)

Chronic myeloid leukaemia imitating essential thrombocythaemia - report of 2 cases
, Acta Haematologica Polonica 36(1): 95-100 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukaemia: stem cell derived but progenitor cell driven
, Clinical Science 109(1): 13-25 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukemia
, Orvosi Hetilap 146(18, Suppl 1): 895-900 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukemia after treatment of lymphoid malignancies: response to imatinib mesylate and favorable outcomes in three patients
, Leukemia Research 30(6): 701-705 (2006)

Chronic myeloid leukemia following kidney transplantation
, Leukemia Research 29(3): 353-355 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukemia in a man with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid treated with radioactive iodine
, American Journal of Clinical Oncology 28(2): 216 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukemia in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome: complete cytogenetic response with imatinib mesylate: report of a case and review of the literature
, Leukemia Research 28(6): 657-660 (2004)

Chronic myeloid leukemia with an e13a3 BCR-ABL fusion: benign course responsive to imatinib with an RT-PCR advisory
, American Journal of Hematology 75(2): 92-95 (2004)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: current application of cytogenetics and molecular testing for diagnosis and treatment
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 80(3): 390-402 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: pathophysiology, diagnostic parameters, and current treatment concepts
, Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 115(13-14): 485-504 (2003)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: proving ground for cancer stem cells
, Cell 119(3): 314-316 (2004)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: a model for oncology
, Annals of Hematology 84(8): 487-497 (2005)

Chronic myeloid leukemia: why does it evolve from chronic phase to blast transformation?
, Frontiers in Bioscience 11: 198-208 (2006)

Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia after platinum-based therapy for non-small cell lung cancer: case report and review of the literature
, Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 31(4): 401-406 (2006)

Chronic myocardial infarction is a substrate for bradycardia-induced spontaneous tachyarrhythmias and sudden death in conscious animals
, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 17(2): 189-197 (2006)

Chronic myofascial pain, disk displacement with reduction and psychosocial factors in Finnish non-patients
, Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 62(6): 293-297 (2004)

Chronic neck pain - An epidemiological, psychological and SPECT with emphasis on whiplash-associated disorder
, Acta Orthopaedica 77(Suppl 320): 2-33 (2006)

Chronic neck pain of traumatic and non-traumatic origin: a population-based study
, Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 74(5): 576-579 (2003)

Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis following cryptococcal infection of the lung
, Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 37(5): 393-395 (2005)

Chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis: diagnosis and treatment
, Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 29(2): 92-95 (2006)

Chronic neonatal nicotine upregulates heteromeric nicotinic acetylcholine receptor binding without change in subunit mRNA expression
, Brain Research 1113(1): 94-109 (2006)

Chronic nephropathies: individual risk for progression to end-stage renal failure as predicted by an integrated probabilistic model
, Nephron. Clinical Practice 95(2): C47-C59 (2003)

Chronic nerve compression induces local demyelination and remyelination in a rat model of carpal tunnel syndrome
, Experimental Neurology 187(2): 500-508 (2004)

Chronic nerve growth factor administration increases the peripheral exocytotic activity of capsaicin-sensitive cutaneous neurons
, Neuroscience Letters 403(3): 305-308 (2006)

Chronic neural adaptation induced by long-term resistance training in humans
, European Journal of Applied Physiology 96(6): 722-728 (2006)

Chronic neural recordings using silicon microelectrode arrays electrochemically deposited with a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) film
, Journal of Neural Engineering 3(1): 59-70 (2006)

Chronic neurogenic pain: thalamocortical dysrhythmic mechanisms and their surgical treatment
, Thalamus and Related Systems 3(1): 63-70 (2005)

Chronic neuroleptic treatment reduces endogenous kynurenic acid levels in rat brain
, Journal of Neural Transmission 113(10): 1355-1365 (2006)

Chronic neuromyotonia as a phenotypic variation associated with a new mutation in the KCNA1 gene
, Journal of Neurology 253(7): 957-959 (2006)

Chronic neuropathy with IgM anti-ganglioside antibodies: lack of long term response to rituximab
, Neurology 61(12): 1814-1816 (2003)

Chronic neuropsychological sequelae of cholinesterase inhibitors in the absence of structural brain damage: two cases of acute poisoning
, Environmental Health Perspectives 113(6): 762-766 (2005)

Chronic nicotine administration exacerbates tau pathology in a transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(8): 3046-3051 (2005)

Chronic nicotine and dizocilpine effects on regionally specific nicotinic and NMDA glutamate receptor binding
, Brain Research 1041(2): 132-142 (2005)

Chronic nicotine and smoke treatment modulate dopaminergic activities in ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens and the gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor expression of the rat prefrontal cortex
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 78(6): 868-879 (2004)

Chronic nicotine and smoking treatment increases dopamine transporter mRNA expression in the rat midbrain
, Neuroscience Letters 363(1): 29-32 (2004)

Chronic nicotine differentially affects the function of nicotinic receptor subtypes regulating neurotransmitter release
, Journal of Neurochemistry 93(5): 1353-1360 (2005)

Chronic nicotine differentially alters cocaine-induced locomotor activity in adolescent vs. adult male and female rats
, Neuropharmacology 46(3): 349-362 (2004)

Chronic nicotine exposure alters blood-brain barrier permeability and diminishes brain uptake of methyllycaconitine
, Journal of Neurochemistry 94(1): 37-44 (2005)

Chronic nicotine exposure during adolescence differentially influences calcium-binding proteins in rat anterior cingulate cortex
, European Journal of Neuroscience 22(10): 2462-2474 (2005)

Chronic nicotine exposure upregulates nicotinic receptors by a novel mechanism
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 25(23): 5563-5572 (2005)

Chronic nicotine improves working and reference memory performance and reduces hippocampal NGF in aged female rats
, Behavioural Brain Research 169(2): 256-262 (2006)

Chronic nicotine in hearts with healed ventricular myocardial infarction promotes atrial flutter that resembles typical human atrial flutter
, American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 288(6): H2878-H2886 (2005)

Chronic nicotine induces growth retardation in neonatal rat pups
, Life Sciences 78(13): 1483-1493 (2006)

Chronic nicotine inhibits inflammation and promotes influenza infection
, Cellular Immunology 230(1): 1-9 (2004)

Chronic nicotine interactions with clozapine and risperidone and attentional function in rats
, Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 30(2): 190-197 (2006)

Chronic nicotine treatment increases GABAergic input to striatal neurons
, Neuroreport 17(5): 537-540 (2006)

Chronic nicotine treatment leads to induction of tyrosine hydroxylase in locus ceruleus neurons: the role of transcriptional activation
, Molecular Pharmacology 66(4): 1011-1021 (2004)

Chronic nitric oxide exposure alters the balance between endothelium-derived relaxing factors released from rat renal arteries: prevention by treatment with NOX-100, a NO scavenger
, Life Sciences 74(22): 2757-2767 (2004)

Chronic nitric oxide synthase blockade desensitizes the heart to the negative metabolic effects of nitric oxide
, Life Sciences 79(17): 1674-1680 (2006)

Chronic nitric oxide synthase inhibition prevents new coronary capillary generation
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 44(3): 322-328 (2004)

Chronic nitrofurantoin-induced lung disease
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 80(10): 1298-1302 (2005)

Chronic nitrogen additions at the Harvard Forest (USA): the first 15 years of a nitrogen saturation experiment
, Forest Ecology and Management 196(1): 1-5 (2004)

Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis in children
, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 64(2): 279-285 (2005)

Chronic non-communicable diseases
, Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 100(5-6): 455-464 (2006)

Chronic non-invasive glucocorticoid administration decreases polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule expression in the adult rat dentate gyrus
, Neuroscience Letters 370(1): 40-44 (2004)

Chronic non-malignant musculoskeletal pain in older adults: clinical issues and opioid intervention
, Postgraduate Medical Journal 79(937): 627-633 (2003)

Chronic noncancer pain rehabilitation with opioid withdrawal: comparison of treatment outcomes based on opioid use status at admission
, Mayo Clinic Proceedings 79(6): 759-768 (2004)

Chronic obesity lymphoedematous mucinosis: three cases of pretibial mucinosis in obese patients with pitting oedema
, British Journal of Dermatology 154(1): 157-161 (2006)

Chronic obstructive lung disease: from structure to pathology
, Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 103(1): 5-16 (2004)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
, Pharmacotherapy 24(5 (2004)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease state
, Nichidai Igaku Zasshi 64(2): 76-84 (2005)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as a predictor of mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
, American Journal of Cardiology 96(6): 756-759 (2005)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as a systemic disease: an epidemiological perspective
, European Respiratory Journal. Supplement 46: 2s-4s (2003)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in alpha1-antitrypsin PI MZ heterozygotes: a meta-analysis
, Thorax 59(10): 843-849 (2004)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in five Latin American cities (the PLATINO study): a prevalence study
, Lancet 366(9500): 1875-1881 (2005)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in never-smoking animal farmers working inside confinement buildings
, American Journal of Industrial Medicine 46(4): 357-362 (2004)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients under age 65: utilization and costs from a managed care sample
, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 47(11): 1125-1130 (2005)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with enhanced bronchial expression of FGF-1, FGF-2, and FGFR-1
, Journal of Pathology 206(1): 28-38 (2005)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality in diesel-exposed railroad workers
, Environmental Health Perspectives 114(7): 1013-1017 (2006)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pollution, pulmonary vascular disease, transplantation, pleural disease, and lung cancer in AJRCCM 2003
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 169(2): 301-313 (2004)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: molecular and cellular mechanisms
, European Respiratory Journal 22(4): 672-688 (2003)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: thin-section CT measurement of airway wall thickness and lung attenuation
, Radiology 234(2): 604-610 (2005)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a novel risk factor for cardiovascular disease
, Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 83(1): 8-13 (2005)

Chronic oiling and seabird mortality from the sunken vessel S.S. Jacob Luckenbach in central California
, Marine Ornithology 31(1): 35-41 (2003)

Chronic olanzapine or fluoxetine administration increases cell proliferation in hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of adult rat
, Biological Psychiatry 56(8): 570-580 (2004)

Chronic opiate treatment enhances both cocaine-reinforced and cocaine-seeking behaviors following opiate withdrawal
, Drug and Alcohol Dependence 75(2): 215-221 (2004)

Chronic oral administration of arginine induces GH gene expression and insulin resistance
, Life Sciences 79(15): 1444-1449 (2006)

Chronic oral estrogen affects memory and neurochemistry in middle-aged female mice
, Behavioral Neuroscience 118(6): 1340-1351 (2004)

Chronic oral exposure to inorganic arsenate interferes with methylation status of p16INK4a and RASSF1A and induces lung cancer in A/J mice
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 91(2): 372-381 (2006)

Chronic oral gabapentin reduces elements of central sensitization in human experimental hyperalgesia
, Anesthesiology 101(6): 1400-1408 (2004)

Chronic oral nicotine normalizes dopaminergic function and synaptic plasticity in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-lesioned primates
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 26(17): 4681-4689 (2006)

Chronic oral nicotine treatment protects against striatal degeneration in MPTP-treated primates
, Journal of Neurochemistry 98(6): 1866-1875 (2006)

Chronic oral treatment with 13-cis-retinoic acid (isotretinoin) or all-trans-retinoic acid does not alter depression-like behaviors in rats
, Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 87(2): 451-459 (2005)

Chronic orchidectomy does not influence the sensitivity of the pituitary somatotropes to varying doses of GHRH administered intravenously to the adult male rhesus monkey
, Life Sciences 75(9): 1041-1050 (2004)

Chronic organizing microangiopathy in a renal transplant recipient
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 20(8): 1734-1737 (2005)

Chronic organochlorine contaminants, environmental variability, and the demographics of a Burrowing Owl population
, Ecological Applications ober; 13(5): 1250-1262 (2003)

Chronic orofacial pain among Korean elders: prevalence, and impact using the graded chronic pain scale
, Pain 112(1-2): 164-170 (2004)

Chronic outpatient sildenafil therapy for pulmonary hypertension in a child after cardiac surgery
, Pediatric Cardiology 26(6): 859-861 (2005)

Chronic oxidative stress and radiation-induced late normal tissue injury: a review
, International Journal of Radiation Biology 80(4): 251-259 (2004)

Chronic oxidative stress as a central mechanism for glucose toxicity in pancreatic islet beta cells in diabetes
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(41): 42351-42354 (2004)

Chronic oxidative stress compromises telomere integrity and accelerates the onset of senescence in human endothelial cells
, Journal of Cell Science 117(Pt 11): 2417-2426 (2004)

Chronic oxidative stress reduces the respiratory burst response of neutrophils from beta-thalassaemia patients
, British Journal of Haematology 129(3): 435-441 (2005)

Chronic pachymeningitis presenting as asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss
, Otology and Neurotology: Official Publication of the American Otological Society American Neurotology Society and European Academy of Otology and Neurotology 25(4): 616-621 (2004)

Chronic pain after hernia repair: a randomized trial comparing Shouldice, Lichtenstein and TAPP
, Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery 389(5): 361-365 (2004)

Chronic pain and frequent use of health care
, Pain 111(1-2): 51-58 (2004)

Chronic pain and genetic background interact and influence opioid analgesia, tolerance, and physical dependence
, Pain 121(3): 232-240 (2006)

Chronic pain and sensory changes after augmentation mammoplasty: long term effects of preincisional administration of methylprednisolone
, Pain 124(1-2): 92-99 (2006)

Chronic pain as perceived by older people: a qualitative study
, Age and Ageing 34(5): 462-466 (2005)

Chronic pain couples: perceived marital interactions and pain behaviours
, Pain 123(1-2): 53-63 (2006)

Chronic pain following total hip arthroplasty: a nationwide questionnaire study
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 50(4): 495-500 (2006)

Chronic pain in a large community sample of persons with multiple sclerosis
, Multiple Sclerosis 9(6): 605-611 (2003)

Chronic pain in adolescents: evaluation of a programme of interdisciplinary cognitive behaviour therapy
, Archives of Disease in Childhood 88(10): 881-885 (2003)

Chronic pain in older Black Americans: the influence of health and psychosocial factors
, Ethnicity and Disease 15(2): 179-186 (2005)

Chronic pain is affected by atmospheric pressure or wind direction and is positively correlated with blood lactate levels
, Pain Clinic 17(3): 315-319 (2005)

Chronic pain patients are impaired on an emotional decision-making task
, Pain 108(1-2): 129-136 (2004)

Chronic pain service: A retrospective descriptive analysis of in-hospital pain consultations
, Pain Clinic 18(2): 109-117 (2006)

Chronic pain syndromes of gynecologic origin
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 49(3 Suppl): 230-234 (2004)

Chronic pain-induced emotional dysfunction is associated with astrogliosis due to cortical delta-opioid receptor dysfunction
, Journal of Neurochemistry 97(5): 1369-1378 (2006)

Chronic palmitate but not oleate exposure induces endoplasmic reticulum stress, which may contribute to INS-1 pancreatic beta-cell apoptosis
, Endocrinology 147(7): 3398-3407 (2006)

Chronic pancreatic inflammation induced by environmental tobacco smoke inhalation in rats
, American Journal of Gastroenterology 101(1): 148-159 (2006)

Chronic pancreatitis progressing from segmental lesions
, Hepato-Gastroenterology 52(64): 1255-1258 (2005)

Chronic pancreatitis: controversies in etiology, diagnosis and treatment
, Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 96(9): 649 (2004)

Chronic paraneoplastic cutaneous syndrome preceding an indolent variant of mantle cell lymphoma: favorable response to rituximab
, Acta Haematologica 115(1-2): 113-116 (2006)

Chronic parotitis: not another SPINKosis
, Digestive Diseases 22(3): 292-295 (2005)

Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania in a patient with a macroprolactinoma
, Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 26(6): 738-741 (2006)

Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania presenting as recurrent orbital inflammation
, Headache 46(4): 686-687 (2006)

Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, hemicrania continua and SUNCT syndrome in association with other pathologies: a review
, Cephalalgia: an international journal of headache 24(3): 173-184 (2004)

Chronic partial sleep loss increases the facilitatory role of a masked prime in a word recognition task
, Journal of Sleep Research 15(1): 23-29 (2006)

Chronic parvovirus infection and G6PD deficiency masquerading as Diamond-Blackfan anemia
, American Journal of Hematology 79(1): 54-57 (2005)

Chronic pathology as a risk of gastric cancer in subjects exposed to monocyclic aromatic carbohydrates (benzol and its homologs)
, Voprosy Onkologii (Stsburg). 49(3): 337-339 (2003)

Chronic pelvic pain associated with autoimmunity and systemic and peritoneal inflammation and treatment with immune modification
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 50(10): 745-758 (2005)

Chronic pelvic pain of bladder origin: epidemiology, pathogenesis and quality of life
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 49(3 Suppl): 225-229 (2004)

Chronic pelvic pain syndrome and comorbidity
, Der Urologe. Ausgabe A 43(3): 261-262, 264-267 (2004)

Chronic pelvic pain syndrome/chronic prostatitis affect the acrosome reaction in human spermatozoa
, World Journal of Urology 24(1): 39-44 (2006)

Chronic pelvic pain treated with gabapentin and amitriptyline: a randomized controlled pilot study
, Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 117(21-22): 761-768 (2006)

Chronic penile oedema secondary to chronic masturbation
, International Journal of Std and Aids 15(7): 489-490 (2004)

Chronic performance of polyurethane catheters covalently coated with ATH complex: a rabbit jugular vein model
, Biomaterials 27(29): 5107-5117 (2006)

Chronic periaortitis and HLA-DRB1*03: another clue to an autoimmune origin
, Arthritis and Rheumatism 55(1): 126-130 (2006)

Chronic perineal fistula as a late failure manifestation of pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome
, Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 39(11): 1172-1174 (2004)

Chronic periodontitis in hemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease is associated with elevated serum C-reactive protein concentration and greater intima-media thickness of the carotid artery
, Journal of Nephrology 19(3): 346-351 (2006)

Chronic periodontitis, a significant relationship with acute myocardial infarction
, European Heart Journal 24(23): 2108-2115 (2003)

Chronic peripheral arteriopathy is associated with seropositivity to Chlamydia pneumoniae
, Journal of ChemoTherapy 18(1): 103-106 (2006)

Chronic peritoneal dialysis catheters: challenges and design solutions
, International Journal of Artificial Organs 29(1): 85-94 (2006)

Chronic peritoneal dialysis in Turkish children: a multicenter study
, Pediatric Nephrology 20(5): 644-651 (2005)

Chronic peritoneal sepsis: myocardial dysfunction, endothelin and signaling mechanisms
, Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library 10: 3183-3205 (2005)

Chronic phencyclidine administration induces schizophrenia-like changes in N-acetylaspartate and N-acetylaspartylglutamate in rat brain
, Schizophrenia Research 73(2-3): 147-152 (2005)

Chronic phospholamban inhibition prevents progressive cardiac dysfunction and pathological remodeling after infarction in rats
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 113(5): 727-736 (2004)

Chronic physical activity and feelings of energy and fatigue
, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 37(2): 299-305 (2005)

Chronic placental insufficiency affects retinal development in the guinea pig
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 45(7): 2361-2367 (2004)

Chronic post-thoracotomy pain: a retrospective study
, Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 50(7): 804-808 (2006)

Chronic post-traumatic neck and head pain
, Headache 45(1): 53-67 (2005)

Chronic postoperative pain: the case of inguinal herniorrhaphy
, British Journal of Anaesthesia 95(1): 69-76 (2004)

Chronic posttraumatic aneurysm of descending aorta with fistulous communication into pulmonary artery
, Journal of Vascular Surgery 40(3): 564-566 (2004)

Chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and family functioning of Vietnam veterans and their partners
, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 37(6): 765-772 (2003)

Chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms after nonsevere stroke
, Neurology 66(4): 513-516 (2006)

Chronic pre-treatment of statins is associated with the reduction of the no-reflow phenomenon in the patients with reperfused acute myocardial infarction
, European Heart Journal 27(5): 534-539 (2006)

Chronic pregnenolone effects in normal humans: attenuation of benzodiazepine-induced sedation
, Psychoneuroendocrinology 29(4): 486-500 (2004)

Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure alters glucocorticoid signalling in the hippocampus of the postnatal Guinea pig
, Journal of Neuroendocrinology 17(9): 600-608 (2005)

Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure alters hippocampal GABA(A) receptors and impairs spatial learning in the guinea pig
, Behavioural Brain Research 150(1-2): 117-125 (2004)

Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure alters the proportion of GABAergic neurons in layers II/III of the adult guinea pig somatosensory cortex
, Neurotoxicology and Teratology 26(1): 59-63 (2004)

Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure impairs conditioned responding and enhances GABA release in the hippocampus of the adult guinea pig
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 308(2): 644-650 (2004)

Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure increases apoptosis in the hippocampus of the term fetal guinea pig
, Neurotoxicology and Teratology 27(6): 871-881 (2005)

Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure increases glucocorticoid-induced glutamate release in the hippocampus of the near-term foetal guinea pig
, Journal of Neuroendocrinology 18(11): 826-834 (2006)

Chronic prenatal exposure to carbamazepine and behavior effects on mice offspring
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 190(2): 517-521 (2004)

Chronic prenatal exposure to carbamazepine and perinatal outcomes of C3H/He mice
, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 190(1): 259-263 (2004)

Chronic prenatal exposure to cocaine alters cerebrovascular responses in newborn pigs
, Experimental Biology and Medicine 229(8): 819-825 (2004)

Chronic pretreatment with candesartan improves recovery from focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
, Journal of Hypertension 21(11): 2175-2182 (2003)

Chronic prevention of mu-opioid receptor (MOR) G-protein coupling in the pontine parabrachial nucleus persistently decreases consumption of standard but not palatable food
, Psychopharmacology 187(4): 435-446 (2006)

Chronic primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction from visceral myopathy
, Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 98(4): 292-302 (2006)

Chronic production of angiotensin IV in the brain leads to hypertension that is reversible with an angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonist
, Circulation Research 94(11): 1451-1457 (2004)

Chronic progressive cervical myelopathy with HTLV-I infection: Variant form of HAM/TSP?
, Neurology 63(7): 1276-1280 (2004)

Chronic progressive sensory ataxic neuropathy associated with limited systemic sclerosis
, Journal of the Neurological Sciences 241(1-2): 103-106 (2006)

Chronic propranolol treatment causes desensitization of the steroidogenic response in testicular interstitial cells but does not alter protein kinase C
, Archives of Andrology 52(3): 215-221 (2006)

Chronic prostatitis complicated by urogenital infection in syphilitic patients
, Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 1: 57-58 (2004)

Chronic prostatitis during puberty
, Bju International 98(4): 818-821 (2006)

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: is there a role for local drug infiltration therapy?
, Journal of Endourology 18(3): 227-231 (2004)

Chronic psychological stress in rats induces intestinal sensitization to luminal antigens
, American Journal of Pathology 168(1): 104-14; Quiz 363 (2006)

Chronic psychosocial stress down-regulates central cytokines mRNA
, Brain Research Bulletin 62(3): 173-178 (2003)

Chronic psychosocial stress in tree shrews: effect of the substance P (NK1 receptor) antagonist L-760735 and clomipramine on endocrine and behavioral parameters
, Psychopharmacology 181(2): 207-216 (2005)

Chronic psychosocial stress persistently alters autonomic function and physical activity in mice
, Physiology and Behavior 80(1): 57-67 (2003)

Chronic psychosocial stress predicts long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in middle-aged men
, European Heart Journal 25(10): 867-873 (2004)

Chronic psychosocial stress-induced impairment of hippocampal LTP: possible role of BDNF
, Neurobiology of Disease 22(3): 453-462 (2006)

Chronic pudendal nerve neuromodulation in women with idiopathic refractory detrusor overactivity incontinence: results of a pilot study with a novel minimally invasive implantable mini-stimulator
, Neurourology and Urodynamics 24(3): 226-230 (2005)

Chronic pulmonary disease in rural women exposed to biomass fumes
, Clinical and Investigative Medicine 26(5): 243-248 (2003)

Chronic rTMS induces subsensitivity of post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptors in rat hypothalamus
, International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 7(3): 335-340 (2004)

Chronic recurrent varicella-zoster virus keratitis confirmed by polymerase chain reaction testing
, American Journal of Ophthalmology 139(6): 1135-1136 (2005)

Chronic recurrent autoimmune uveitis with progressive photoreceptor damage induced in rats by transfer of IRBP-specific T cells
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 163(1-2): 102-109 (2005)

Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis
, Radiology 166(2): 493-496 (1988)

Chronic recurrent myocardial ischemic injury is significantly attenuated by pre-emptive adeno-associated virus heme oxygenase-1 gene delivery
, Journal of the American College of Cardiology 47(3): 635-643 (2006)

Chronic red blood cell exchange to prevent clinical complications in sickle cell disease
, Transfusion and Apheresis Science: Official Journal of the World Apheresis Association: Official Journal of the European Society for Haemapheresis 32(3): 315-321 (2005)

Chronic reductions in carotid blood flow cause salt-sensitive hypertension in rats
, Journal of Hypertension 23(6): 1173-1181 (2005)

Chronic regulation of the expression of gap junction proteins connexin40, connexin43, and connexin45 in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes
, European Journal of Pharmacology 503(1-3): 9-16 (2004)

Chronic rejection: insights from a novel immunosuppressive-free model of kidney transplantation
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 15(3): 687-694 (2004)

Chronic rejection: the next major challenge for pancreas transplant recipients
, Transplantation 76(6): 918-923 (2003)

Chronic relapsing thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura successfully treated with rituximab: case report
, Journal of ChemoTherapy 17(4): 449-451 (2005)

Chronic renal allograft dysfunction
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 16(10): 3015-3026 (2005)

Chronic renal allograft dysfunction: the role of T cell-mediated tubular epithelial to mesenchymal cell transition
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 15(2): 390-397 (2004)

Chronic renal allograft rejection: pathophysiologic considerations
, Kidney International 68(1): 1-13 (2005)

Chronic renal denervation prevents glomerular hyperfiltration in diabetic rats
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 19(2): 342-347 (2004)

Chronic renal disease in Kuwaiti nationals: a prospective study during the past 4 years
, Renal Failure 27(2): 227-233 (2005)

Chronic renal disease patients with severe star fruit poisoning: hemoperfusion may be an effective alternative therapy
, Clinical Toxicology 43(3): 197-199 (2005)

Chronic renal diseases as a public health problem: epidemiology, social, and economic implications
, Kidney International. Supplement 2005(98): S7 (2005)

Chronic renal dysfunction after liver transplantation in adult patients: prevalence, risk factors, and impact on mortality
, Transplantation Proceedings 35(5): 1907-1908 (2003)

Chronic renal failure and end-stage renal disease are associated with a high rate of mortality after heart transplantation
, Transplantation Proceedings 37(2): 1352-1354 (2005)

Chronic renal failure and shortened lifespan in COL4A3+/- mice: an animal model for thin basement membrane nephropathy
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 17(7): 1986-1994 (2006)

Chronic renal failure in Kuwaiti children: an eight-year experience
, Pediatric Nephrology 20(12): 1781-1785 (2005)

Chronic renal failure in male and female rats
, Journal of Nephrology 18(4): 368-373 (2005)

Chronic renal failure is associated with increased tissue deposition of lanthanum after 28-day oral administration
, Kidney International 67(3): 1062-1069 (2005)

Chronic renal failure rats are highly sensitive to aristolochic acids, which are nephrotoxic and carcinogenic agents
, Cancer Letters 232(2): 236-242 (2006)

Chronic renal failure with severe mesangiolysis in a hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipient
, Renal Failure 28(6): 519-522 (2006 )

Chronic renal failure: a cardiovascular risk factor
, Kidney International. Supplement 2005(99): S25-S29 (2005)

Chronic renal insufficiency among Asian Indians with type 2 diabetes: I. Role of RAAS gene polymorphisms
, Bmc Medical Genetics 7: 42 (2006)

Chronic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is antidepressant but not anxiolytic in rat models of anxiety and depression
, Psychiatry Research 137(1-2): 113-121 (2005)

Chronic response of adult rat brain tissue to implants anchored to the skull
, Biomaterials 25(12): 2229-2237 (2004)

Chronic restraint stress and chronic corticosterone treatment modulate differentially the expression of molecules related to structural plasticity in the adult rat piriform cortex
, Neuroscience 126(2): 503-509 (2004)

Chronic restraint stress decreases the expression of glutathione S-transferase pi2 in the mouse hippocampus
, Brain Research 1090(1): 156-162 (2006)

Chronic restraint stress down-regulates amygdaloid expression of polysialylated neural cell adhesion molecule
, Neuroscience 133(4): 903-910 (2005)

Chronic restraint stress during early Theiler's virus infection exacerbates the subsequent demyelinating disease in SJL mice
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 155(1-2): 103-118 (2004)

Chronic restraint stress induces changes in synapse morphology in stratum lacunosum-moleculare CA1 rat hippocampus: a stereological and three-dimensional ultrastructural study
, Neuroscience 140(2): 597-606 (2006)

Chronic restraint stress massively alters the expression of genes important for lipid metabolism and detoxification in liver
, Toxicology Letters 146(1): 49-63 (2003)

Chronic restraint stress modulates expression of genes in murine spleen
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 177(1-2): 11-17 (2006)

Chronic rhinoconjunctivitis due to the ornamental plant Philodendron bipennifolium: detection of specific IgE and positive provocation results
, Allergologie 27(5): 211-214 (2004)

Chronic rhinosinusitis and neuropeptides
, Swiss Medical Weekly 133(41-42): 560-562 (2003)

Chronic rhinosinusitis in young children differs from adults: a histopathology study
, Journal of Pediatrics 144(2): 206-212 (2004)

Chronic ronchopathy -- a nosological entity of pathological realization of upper airways obstruction
, Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 2005(4): 4-8 (2005)

Chronic rosiglitazone treatment restores AMPK alpha 2 activity in insulin-resistant rat skeletal muscle
, American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism 290(2): E251-E257 (2006)

Chronic rumination reduction in a severely developmentally disabled adult following combined use of positive and negative contingencies
, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 37(2): 140-145 (2006)

Chronic running wheel activity attenuates the antinociceptive actions of morphine and morphine-6-glucouronide administration into the periaqueductal gray in rats
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 83(4): 578-584 (2006)

Chronic schisandrin B treatment improves mitochondrial antioxidant status and tissue heat shock protein production in various tissues of young adult and middle-aged rats
, Biogerontology 7(4): 199-210 (2006)

Chronic schizophrenia as a brain misconnection syndrome: a white matter voxel-based morphometry study
, Schizophrenia Research 64(1): 15-23 (2003)

Chronic schizophrenics with positive symptomatology have shortened EEG microstate durations
, Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 114(11): 2043-2051 (2003)

Chronic scrotal pain syndrome: management among urologists in Switzerland
, European Urology 47(6): 812-816 (2005)

Chronic selective glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibition enhances glucose disposal and muscle insulin action in prediabetic obese Zucker rats
, American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 291(2): E207-E213 (2006)

Chronic sheep modal for mechanical prosthetic valve
, Zhonghua Xinxueguanbing Zazhi 31(8): 617-619 (2003)

Chronic sickle cell lung disease: new insights into the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension
, British Journal of Haematology 129(4): 449-464 (2005)

Chronic sildenafil improves erectile function and endothelium-dependent cavernosal relaxations in rats: lack of tachyphylaxis
, European Urology 47(1): 87-91 (2004)

Chronic sildenafil treatment inhibits monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats
, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 169(1): 39-45 (2004)

Chronic sinusitis and arterial hypertension in a national population health survey
, International Journal of Cardiology 107(2): 230-234 (2006)

Chronic smoking and alcoholism change expression of selective genes in the human prefrontal cortex
, Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 30(5): 908-915 (2006)

Chronic social stress in the visible burrow system modulates stress-related gene expression in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis
, Physiology and Behavior 89(3): 301-310 (2006)

Chronic spinal cord injury induced changes in the responses of thalamic neurons
, Experimental Neurology 197(1): 177-188 (2006)

Chronic spinal cord stimulation in medically intractable orthostatic tremor
, Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 77(9): 1013-1016 (2006)

Chronic spinal pain and physical-mental comorbidity in the United States: results from the national comorbidity survey replication
, Pain 113(3): 331-339 (2005)

Chronic stable angina: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy and/or calcium-channel blocker therapy - When is it indicated?
, Journal of Pharmacy Technology 22(5): 271-280 (2006)

Chronic stage left ventricular aneurysm and thrombus after myocardial infarction
, Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 17(6): 489-490 (2006)

Chronic stent recoil plays an important role in restenosis of the right coronary ostium
, Coronary Artery Disease 15(1): 39-44 (2004)

Chronic stimulation of GABAA receptor with muscimol reduces amyloid beta protein (25-35)-induced neurotoxicity in cultured rat cortical cells
, Neuroscience Research 52(4): 347-356 (2005)

Chronic strain alters the passive and contractile properties of rabbit airways
, Journal of Applied Physiology 98(5): 1949-1954 (2005)

Chronic stress accelerates learning and memory impairments and increases amyloid deposition in APPV717I-CT100 transgenic mice, an Alzheimer's disease model
, FASEB Journal 20(6): 729-731 (2006)

Chronic stress alters amphetamine effects on behavior and synaptophysin levels in female rats
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 78(3): 541-550 (2004)

Chronic stress alters behavior in the conditioned defensive burying test: role of the posterior paraventricular thalamus
, Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 76(2): 343-349 (2003)

Chronic stress alters dendritic morphology in rat medial prefrontal cortex
, Journal of Neurobiology 60(2): 236-248 (2004)

Chronic stress and social housing differentially affect neurogenesis in male and female rats
, Brain Research Bulletin 64(4): 303-308 (2004)

Chronic stress attenuates GABAergic inhibition and alters gene expression of parvocellular neurons in rat hypothalamus
, European Journal of Neuroscience 20(6): 1665-1673 (2004)

Chronic stress augments the long-term and acute effects of methamphetamine
, Neuroscience 124(3): 637-646 (2004)

Chronic stress decreases the expression of sympathetic markers in the pineal gland and increases plasma melatonin concentration in rats
, Journal of Neurochemistry 97(5): 1279-1287 (2006)

Chronic stress enhances ibotenic acid-induced damage selectively within the hippocampal CA3 region of male, but not female rats
, Neuroscience 125(3): 759-767 (2004)

Chronic stress enhances spatial memory in ovariectomized female rats despite CA3 dendritic retraction: possible involvement of CA1 neurons
, Neuroscience 135(4): 1045-1054 (2005)

Chronic stress impairs acoustic conditioning more than visual conditioning in rats: morphological and behavioural evidence
, Neuroscience 135(4): 1067-1074 (2005)

Chronic stress impairs recall of extinction of conditioned fear
, Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 85(3): 213-218 (2006)

Chronic stress impairs spatial memory and motivation for reward without disrupting motor ability and motivation to explore
, Behavioral Neuroscience 120(4): 842-851 (2006)

Chronic stress in the adult dentate gyrus reduces cell proliferation near the vasculature and VEGF and Flk-1 protein expression
, European Journal of Neuroscience 21(5): 1304-1314 (2005)

Chronic stress increases the plasmalemmal distribution of the norepinephrine transporter and the coexpression of tyrosine hydroxylase in norepinephrine axons in the prefrontal cortex
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 26(5): 1571-1578 (2006)

Chronic stress induces adrenal hyperplasia and hypertrophy in a subregion-specific manner
, American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 291(5): E965-E973 (2006)

Chronic stress induces rapid occlusion of angioplasty-injured rat carotid artery by activating neuropeptide Y and its Y1 receptors
, Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 25(10): 2075-2080 (2005)

Chronic stress influences ambulatory blood pressure in adolescents
, Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 31(1): 80-88 (2006)

Chronic stress promotes palatable feeding, which reduces signs of stress: feedforward and feedback effects of chronic stress
, Endocrinology 145(8): 3754-3762 (2004)

Chronic stress reduces body fat content in both obesity-prone and obesity-resistant strains of mice
, Hormones and Behavior 48(2): 172-179 (2005)

Chronic stress, as well as acute stress, reduces BDNF mRNA expression in the rat hippocampus but less robustly
, Neuroscience Research 53(2): 129-139 (2005)

Chronic stroke motor recovery: duration of active neuromuscular stimulation
, Journal of the Neurological Sciences 215(1-2): 13-19 (2003)

Chronic subcutaneous administration of kisspeptin-54 causes testicular degeneration in adult male rats
, American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism 291(5): E1074-E1082 (2006)

Chronic subcutaneous injection of rotenone produces rodent Parkinsonian models
, Zhongguo Yaolixue Tongbao 21(10): 1274-1277 (2005)

Chronic subdural hematoma coexisting with ligamentum flavum hematoma in the lumbar spine: a case report
, Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 210(1): 83-89 (2006)

Chronic subdural collection after endoscopic third ventriculostomy
, Acta Neurochirurgica 146(5): 529-530 (2004)

Chronic subdural haematoma complicating spinal anaesthesia
, Neurological Sciences: Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology 25(6): 348-350 (2005)

Chronic subdural hematoma as a complication of endoscopic third ventriculostomy
, Surgical Neurology 62(1): 64-8; Discussion 68 (2004)

Chronic subglottic and tracheal stenosis: endoscopic management vs. surgical reconstruction
, European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology: Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies: Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 260(7): 374-380 (2003)

Chronic sublethal sediment toxicity testing using the estuarine amphipod, Melita plumulosa (Zeidler): evaluation using metal-spiked and field-contaminated sediments
, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25(7): 1887-1898 (2006)

Chronic suppression of activity in barrel field cortex downregulates sensory responses in contralateral barrel field cortex
, Journal of Neurophysiology 94(5): 3342-3356 (2005)

Chronic suppurative otitis media: a review
, International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 70(1): 1-12 (2006)

Chronic sympathetic activation: consequence and cause of age-associated obesity?
, Diabetes 53(2): 276-284 (2004)

Chronic systemic delivery of angiopoietin-2 reveals a possible independent angiogenic effect
, American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 291(2): H948-H956 (2006)

Chronic systemic endotoxin exposure: an animal model in experimental hepatic encephalopathy
, Metabolic Brain Disease 20(4): 393-398 (2005)

Chronic systemic hypoxia causes intra-retinal angiogenesis
, Journal of Anatomy 205(5): 349-356 (2004)

Chronic temporal lobe epilepsy: spatial extent and degree of metabolic dysfunction studied with magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)
, Epilepsy Research 62(2-3): 119-124 (2004)

Chronic testicular pain: an overview
, European Urology 45(4): 430-436 (2004)

Chronic thrombin exposure results in an increase in apolipoprotein-E levels
, Journal of Neuroscience Research 84(2): 444-449 (2006)

Chronic thromboembolic and pulmonary arterial hypertension share acute vasoreactivity properties
, Chest 130(3): 841-846 (2006)

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: pre- and postoperative assessment with breath-hold MR imaging techniques
, Radiology 232(2): 535-543 (2004)

Chronic thrombus detection with in vivo magnetic resonance imaging and a fibrin-targeted contrast agent
, Circulation 112(11): 1594-1600 (2005)

Chronic tics and Tourette syndrome in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder
, Journal of Psychiatric Research 40(6): 487-493 (2006)

Chronic tolerance to recreational MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) or Ecstasy
, Journal of Psychopharmacology 19(1): 71-83 (2005)

Chronic tonsillar enlargement and cough: preliminary evidence of a novel and treatable cause of chronic cough
, European Respiratory Journal 23(2): 199-201 (2004)

Chronic topical administration of WIN-55-212-2 maintains a reduction in IOP in a rat glaucoma model without adverse effects
, Experimental Eye Research 82(5): 753-759 (2006)

Chronic toxicity and body residues of the nonpolar narcotic 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene in Chironomus riparius
, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23(8): 2022-2028 (2004)

Chronic toxicity of Chenopodium ambrosioides in rats
, Biomedical Research 16(2): 111-113 (2005)

Chronic toxicity of glutaraldehyde: differential sensitivity of three freshwater organisms
, Aquatic Toxicology 71(3): 283-296 (2005)

Chronic toxicity of lead to three freshwater invertebrates--Brachionus calyciflorus, Chironomus tentans, and Lymnaea stagnalis
, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25(1): 97-104 (2006)

Chronic toxicity of polycyclic aromatic compounds to the springtail Folsomia candida and the enchytraeid Enchytraeus crypticus
, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25(9): 2423-2431 (2006)

Chronic toxicity of silver to the sea urchin (Arbacia punctulata)
, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25(6): 1568-1573 (2006)

Chronic toxicity of the herbicide tebuthiuron to the tropical green alga Chlorella sp and the duckweed Lemna aequinoctialis
, Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology 10(2): 97-104 (2004)

Chronic toxicity of tributyltin on development and reproduction of the hermaphroditic snail Physa fontinalis: Influence of population density
, Marine Environmental Research 58(2-5): 157-162 (2004)

Chronic toxicity of un-ionized ammonia to early life-stages of endangered Colorado pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus lucius) and razorback sucker (Xyrauchen texanus) compared to the surrogate fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas)
, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 49(3): 378-384 (2005)