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Comparative responses of rats and mice exposed to linear/branched, linear, or branched ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO)

Comparative responses of rats and mice exposed to linear/branched, linear, or branched ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO)

Toxicology 220(2-3): 203-217

The purpose of this study was to compare the toxicity of linear/branched ammonium perfluorooctanoate (APFO) with that of linear and branched APFO. Linear/branched APFO (approximately 80% linear and 20% branched isomers) was formerly used in the production of commercial products. The extensive toxicologic database for APFO has been developed essentially using this mixture of isomers. The trend now is to use APFO containing only the linear isomer. The current study was performed to determine if the toxicological database developed for the linear/branched isomer is applicable to the linear isomer. To determine the contribution of branched APFO to the toxicity of linear/branched APFO, a form of APFO that was 100% branched was synthesized. Rats and mice were given doses by oral gavage ranging from 0.3 to 30 mg/kg of either the linear/branched, linear, or branched APFO for 14 days. Clinical signs, body weights, food consumption, selected hematology and serum lipid parameters, liver and kidney weights, hepatic peroxisomal P-oxidation, and serum PFOA concentrations were evaluated. Mean body weights were about 20% lower in rats and mice dosed with 30 mg/kg of linear/branched or linear APFO compared to controls, and 3-5% lower in animals dosed with 30 mg/kg of branched APFO. In rats, all three forms reduced lipids. In mice, all three forms reduced total and HDL cholesterol similarly but triglycerides were increased at lower doses. Increased peroxisomal P-oxidation activity and serum PFOA concentrations were seen in both species but these effects were least pronounced in rats dosed with the branched material. In rats, serum PFOA levels were 20-51 ppm at Lowest Observed Effect Levels (LOEL) of 0.3-1 mg/kg, based primarily upon lipid parameters. In mice, serum PFOA levels were 10-14 ppm at the LOEL of 0.3 mg/kg, based primarily upon relative liver weight. In both rats and mice, the overall responses to the linear/branched and the linear forms of PFOA were similar, but the branched form appears to be less potent. Based on these results, and for the endpoints evaluated in this study, the toxicological database developed primarily from testing linear/branched APFO is applicable to linear APFO. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Accession: 011880051

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16448737

DOI: 10.1016/j.tox.2006.01.003

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