Comparison of brain activity between dopamine D2 receptor-knockout and wild mice in response to dopamine agonist and antagonist assessed by fMRi
Kuriwaki, J.-I.; Nishijo, H.; Kondoh, T.; Uwano, T.; Torii, K.; Katsuki, M.; Ono, T.
Neuro-Signals 13(5): 227-240
ISSN/ISBN: 1424-862X PMID: 15305090 DOI: 10.1159/000079337
It has been reported that antipsychotic dopamine-D2-receptor (D2R) antagonists affected other neurotransmitter systems. In the present study, the effects of a D2R agonist, bromocriptine, and a D2R antagonist, spiperone, on brain activity were investigated using wild-type mice (WT) with intact D2Rs, and D2R-knockout mice (D2R-KO) lacking D2Rs by functional magnetic resonance imaging. In the WT, flow-weighted signal intensity significantly increased after administration of bromocriptine in the hippocampal formation. In contrast, signal intensity significantly decreased after administration of spiperone in the somatosensory-motor cortices, thalamus, anterior cingulate cortex, caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens, hippocampal formation, and amygdala. In the D2R-KO, however, no significant changes were observed after administration of either bromocriptine or spiperone. The present results indicated that the D2R-KO lacked sensitivity to D2R agonist and antagonist in agreement with its genetic defects, which confirmed that the changes in brain activity in the WT after administration of either drug were mediated through D2Rs. These results suggest that antipsychotic D2R antagonists affect activity of the same brain regions of human patients through D2Rs, as observed in the present study. These changes in brain activity might be related to therapeutic efficacy as well as side effects of antipsychotic drugs on schizophrenic patients.