+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Current physical health problems and their predictors among a community sample of crack-cocaine smokers in Ohio

Current physical health problems and their predictors among a community sample of crack-cocaine smokers in Ohio

Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 35(4): 471-478

The harmful effects of nonmedical cocaine use are well documented, but the overall health of people involved with crack is less well understood. This cross-sectional study describes the nature and extent of current health problems in a community sample of 430 crack smokers in Dayton, Ohio. Two-thirds of the sample reported one or more current physical health problems. The estimated annualized incidence of acute health problems was 152.6 conditions/100 persons/year. The estimated prevalence of chronic problems ranged from a low of 30.2 conditions/1000 persons for diabetes to a high of 223.2 conditions/1000 persons for anemias. Cardiovascular problems were common. Even though the results cannot prove a cause and effect relationship between crack use and health problems, they do suggest that crack users experienced higher than usual rates of problems, when compared with data from the National Health Interview Survey. The results of a cumulative logistic regression analysis suggest that men were significantly less likely, and older users more likely, to have health problems. Neither duration of crack use nor frequency of use of any drug predicted health problems. Incorporating assessments of physical problems as well as a mechanism for their treatment into the regimen of drug abuse treatment programs should be considered.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 011914588

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14986876

DOI: 10.1080/02791072.2003.10400494

Related references

The prevalence and correlates of depressive symptomatology among a community sample of crack-cocaine smokers. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 34(3): 281-288, 2002

Relationship between cocaine use and mental health problems in a sample of European cocaine powder or crack users. World Psychiatry 4(3): 173-176, 2006

Emergency department utilization by crack-cocaine smokers in Dayton, Ohio. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 32(1): 55-68, 2006

Predictors of drug abuse treatment entry among crack-cocaine smokers. Drug & Alcohol Dependence 68(2): 159-166, 1 October, 2002

High-risk sex behavior among young street-recruited crack cocaine smokers in three American cities: an interim report. The Multicenter Crack Cocaine and HIV Infection Study Team. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 24(4): 363-371, 1992

Medication compliance and satisfaction with treatment for HIV disease in a sample of African-American crack cocaine smokers. Aids and Behavior 8(2): 199-206, 2004

Predictors of change in frequency of crack cocaine use in a street-recruited sample. American Journal on Addictions 8(2): 94-100, 1999

A cluster analysis of drug use and sexual HIV risks and their correlates in a sample of African-American crack cocaine smokers with HIV infection. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 97(1-2): 44-53, 2008

Crack cocaine smokers who turn to drug injection: characteristics, factors associated with injection, and implications for HIV transmission. The Multicenter Crack Cocaine and HIV Infection Study Team. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 42(2): 85-92, 1996

Use of HIV health care in HIV-seropositive crack cocaine smokers and other active drug users. Journal of Substance Abuse 13(1-2): 155-167, 2001

The prevalence of psychiatric disorder among a community sample of crack cocaine users: an exploratory study with practical implications. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 192(7): 503-507, 2004

The impact of HIV-related interventions on HIV risk behavior in a community sample of African American crack cocaine users. Aids Care 19(5): 608-616, 2007

The relationship between childhood adverse experiences and disability due to physical health problems in a community sample of women. Women & Health 41(4): 23-35, 2005

Concurrent use of alcohol and cocaine: differences in patterns of use and problems among users of crack cocaine and cocaine powder. Alcohol and Alcoholism 41(2): 121-125, 2006

The physical and emotional health of grandmothers raising grandchildren in the crack cocaine epidemic. Gerontologist 32(6): 752-761, 1992