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Development and morphology of teratocytes in Encarsia berlesei and Encarsia citrina: first record for Chalcidoidea



Development and morphology of teratocytes in Encarsia berlesei and Encarsia citrina: first record for Chalcidoidea



Journal of Insect Physiology 49(11): 1063-1071



In several species of hymenopteran parasitoids of the superfamilies of Ichneumonoidea and Platygastroidea, the membrane enveloping the parasitoid embryo dissociates at hatching into a number of cells, called teratocytes, which autonomously develop in the host haemolymph. In this work we report for Encarsia berlesei and Encarsia citrina (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea), the dissociation of the extraembryonic membrane into cells whose morphological and embryological features correspond to those of teratocytes. In E. berlesei the membrane dissociated at hatching into 4-9 larger cells (100 microm diameter) and about 10 smaller cells (60 microm), which scarcely doubled their size during maturation. In E. citrina the membrane dissociated into five large cells (250 microm) which did not grow appreciably. Ultrastructural investigation of the dissociated cells in E. berlesei revealed that their surface was covered by microvilli, whose density and length increased from the egg stage to the 12 h following hatching. During the same period, rough endoplasmic reticulum evolved from a parallel profile to that of the cisternal type, while abundant vesicles represented the dominant cytological feature. The ploidy level of these cells ranged between 8c and 140c at hatching, but increased to 40c-350c at maturation. These findings provide the first clear evidences for the presence of teratocytes in the superfamily Chalcidoidea.

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Accession: 011943270

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14568584

DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2003.08.003



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