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Developmental changes in cell proliferation in the auditory midbrain of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana

Developmental changes in cell proliferation in the auditory midbrain of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana

Journal of Neurobiology 66(11): 1212-1224

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3034

PMID: 16858692

DOI: 10.1002/neu.20301

We examined patterns of cell proliferation in the auditory midbrain (torus semicircularis) of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, over larval and early postmetamorphic development, by visualizing incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in cycling cells. At all developmental stages, BrdU-labeled cells were concentrated around the optic ventricle. BrdU-labeled cells also appeared within the torus semicircularis itself, in a stage-specific manner. The mitotic index, quantified as the percent of BrdU-positive cells outside the ventricular zone per total cells available for label, varied over larval development. Mitotic index was low in hatchling, early larval, and late larval stages, and increased significantly in deaf period, metamorphic climax, and froglet stages. Cell proliferation was higher in metamorphic climax than at other stages, suggesting increased cell proliferation in preparation for the transition from an aquatic to an amphibious existence. The change in mitotic index over development did not parallel the change in the total numbers of cells available for label. BrdU incorporation was additionally quantified by dot-blot assay, showing that BrdU is available for label up to 72 h postinjection. The pattern of change in cell proliferation in the torus semicircularis differs from that in the auditory medulla (dorsal medullary nucleus and superior olivary nucleus), suggesting that cell proliferation in these distinct auditory nuclei is mediated by different underlying mechanisms.

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Accession: 011947757

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