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Differential expression profiles of PLC-beta1 and -delta1 in primary cultured rat cortical neurons treated with N-methyl-D-aspartate and peroxynitrite

Differential expression profiles of PLC-beta1 and -delta1 in primary cultured rat cortical neurons treated with N-methyl-D-aspartate and peroxynitrite

Neuroscience Letters 367(2): 246-249

Phospholipase C (PLC)-delta1 protein appears to accumulate aberrantly in Alzheimer's disease brains and its expression is reported to be induced by overstimulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, but there is little knowledge on its physiological role. To clarify this, we examined the expression profile of PLC-delta1 in primary cultured rat cortical neurons treated with NMDA or peroxynitrite, in comparison with those of PLC-delta1 and -gamma1, the overexpression of both of which protects cells from oxidative stress. Overstimulation of NMDA receptor decreased and increased the expression of PLC-beta1 and -delta1, respectively, but did not affect that of PLC-gamma1, in the neurons. The viability of neurons decreased depending on the period of treatment with S-nitroso-N-acetyl D,L-penicillamine (SNAP), there being a significant decrease on 9 h treatment. On examination of the expression profiles of PLC isozymes after treatment of neurons with SNAP, PLC-P I was found to be increased after 1 h treatment and decreased after 9 h treatment, while PLC-delta1 was significantly increased, especially after 5 h treatment. Peroxynitrite treatment caused a dose-dependent decrease in the viability of neurons, and expression of PLC-beta1 was increased by a nontoxic level of peroxynitrite and decreased by a toxic level of it, while that of PLC-delta1 was increased by a sublethal level of it. These findings suggested that induction of PLC-beta1 might protect neurons from oxidative stress, but that of PLC-delta1 might have the opposite role, although both isozymes responded to oxidative stress.

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Accession: 011957676

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PMID: 15331163

DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2004.06.015

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