Effects of activation of NMDA and AMPA glutamate receptors on the extracellular concentrations of dopamine, acetylcholine, and GABA in striatum of the awake rat: a microdialysis study
Hernández, L.F.; Segovia, G.; Mora, F.
Neurochemical Research 28(12): 1819-1827
ISSN/ISBN: 0364-3190 PMID: 14649723 DOI: 10.1023/a:1026115607216
The effects of activation of the AMPA and NMDA ionotropic glutamate receptors on the extracellular concentration of dopamine, acetylcholine, (ACh) and GABA in striatum of the awake rat was investigated. Also the levels of DOPAC, HVA, and choline (Ch) were included in this study. Seven to eight days after stereotaxical implantation of a guide-cannulae assembly, microdialysis experiments were performed. The dopamine and ACh content of samples were measured by HPLC coupled to electrochemical detection. GABA was measured using fluorometric detection. Perfusion of AMPA (1, 20, 100 microM) produced a dose-related increase of dopamine and a dose-related decrease of DOPAC and HVA. AMPA 100 microM decreased extracellular concentrations of ACh and increased the extracellular concentration of Ch and GABA. Perfusion of NMDA 500 microM increased the concentration of dopamine and decreased DOPAC and HVA. Also, NMDA 100 microM decreased DOPAC. NMDA 500 microM decreased the extracellular concentrations of ACh and increased the concentrations of Ch and GABA. Perfusion of the AMPA/kainate-antagonist DNQX (100 microM) blocked the effects of AMPA (100 microM) on dopamine, DOPAC, HVA, ACh, and GABA concentrations. Perfusion of the NMDA-antagonist CPP (100 microM) blocked the effects of NMDA 500 microM on dopamine, DOPAC, HVA, ACh, Ch, and GABA concentrations. These results suggest an interaction between glutamate-dopamine-ACh-GABA in striatum of the awake rat.