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Effects of increased primary care access on process of care and health outcomes among patients with asthma who frequent emergency departments

Effects of increased primary care access on process of care and health outcomes among patients with asthma who frequent emergency departments

American Journal of Medicine 117(7): 479-483

Many asthmatic patients discharged from emergency departments do not have timely follow-up visits with a primary care physician. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a health professional-based intervention in improving process of care and health outcomes among asthmatic patients discharged from emergency departments. We enrolled 125 asthmatic patients, aged 5 through 50 years, from the emergency department of a community-based hospital; 62 patients were assigned to usual care and 63 to enhanced care. Enhanced care consisted of usual care plus employment of a coordinator to make follow-up appointments with the patient's primary care physician with at least one reminder telephone call to the patient. At 6 months of follow-up, mean (+/- SD) asthma and pediatric quality-of-life scores were higher in the enhanced care group than in the usual care group (5.7 +/- 1.2 units vs. 5.0 +/- 1.3 units, P = 0.01). The enhanced care group also had a higher rate of follow-up office visits (78% [n = 44] vs. 60% [n = 33], P = 0.003), were more likely to have written action plans (46% [n = 26] vs. 25% [n = 14], P = 0.02), and had fewer asthma symptoms (1.8 +/- 1.1 units vs. 2.2 +/- 1.3 units, P = 0.09). However, these differences disappeared by 12 months of follow-up. A simple intervention wherein a health professional facilitates follow-up visits can improve the process of care and health outcomes of high-risk asthmatic patients. However, the effect of this intervention is time limited and largely wears off by 12 months.

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Accession: 012016724

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15464704

DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.04.011

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