Enhanced skeletal muscle arteriolar reactivity to ANG II after recovery from ischemic acute renal failure
Basile, D.P.; Donohoe, D.L.; Phillips, S.A.; Frisbee, J.C.
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 289(6): R1770-R1776
ISSN/ISBN: 0363-6119 PMID: 16099826 DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00269.2005
In addition to the long-term renal complications, previous studies suggested that after acute renal failure (ARF), rats manifest an increased pressor response to an overnight infusion of ANG II. The present study tested whether recovery from ARF results in alterations in sensitivity to the peripheral vasculature. ARF was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by 45 min of bilateral renal ischemia and reperfusion. Animals were allowed to recover renal structure and function for 5-8 wk, after which the acute pressor responses to ANG II were evaluated either in vivo in in situ skeletal muscle arterioles or in isolated gracilis muscle arteries in vitro. Baseline arterial pressure was not different in ARF rats vs. sham-operated controls, although ARF rats exhibited an enhanced pressor response to bolus ANG II infusion compared with control rats. Steady-state plasma ANG II concentration and plasma renin activity were similar between ARF and control rats. Constrictor reactivity of in situ cremasteric arterioles from ARF rats was enhanced in response to increasing concentrations of ANG II; however, no difference was observed in arteriolar responses to elevated PO2, norepinephrine, acetylcholine, or sodium nitroprusside. Isolated gracilis muscle arteries from ARF rats also showed increased vasoconstriction in response to ANG II but not norepinephrine. In conclusion, recovery from ischemic ARF is not associated with hypertension but is associated with increased arteriolar constrictor reactivity to ANG II. Although the mechanisms of this altered responsiveness are unclear, such changes may relate, in part, to cardiovascular complications in patients with ARF and/or after renal transplant.