Enrichment of in vitro maturation medium for buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) oocytes with thiol compounds: effects of cystine on glutathione synthesis and embryo development

Gasparrini, B.; Boccia, L.; Marchandise, J.; Di Palo, R.; George, F.; Donnay, I.; Zicarelli, L.

Theriogenology 65(2): 275-287

2006


ISSN/ISBN: 0093-691X
PMID: 15979699
DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2005.05.036
Accession: 012041884

Download citation:  
Text
  |  
BibTeX
  |  
RIS

Article/Abstract emailed within 0-6 h
Payments are secure & encrypted
Powered by Stripe
Powered by PayPal

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether enriching the oocyte in vitro maturation medium with cystine, in the presence of cysteamine, would improve the in vitro embryo production efficiency in buffalo by further increasing the GSH reservoir created by the oocyte during maturation. Cumulus-oocytes complexes were matured in vitro in TCM 199 + 10% FCS, 0.5 microg/ml FSH, 5 microg/ml LH and 1 microg/ml 17beta-estradiol in the absence or presence of cysteamine (50 microM), with or without 0.3mM cystine. In Experiment 1, glutathione content was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorimetric analysis in representative samples of oocytes matured in the four different experimental conditions. In Experiment 2, oocytes were fixed and stained to assess nuclear maturation and normal pronuclear development following IVM and IVF respectively. In Experiment 3, mature oocytes were in vitro fertilized and cultured to assess development to blastocysts. In all supplemented groups the intracytoplasmic GSH concentration was significantly higher than the control, with the highest GSH levels in oocytes matured in the presence of both thiol compounds (3.6, 4.7, 5.4 and 6.9 picomol/oocyte in the control, cysteamine, cystine and cystine+cysteamine groups, respectively; P < 0.05). Cystine supplementation of IVM medium, both in the presence or absence of cysteamine, significantly increased the proportion of oocytes showing two normal synchronous pronuclei following fertilization. In all supplemented groups, cleavage rate was significantly improved compared to the control (55, 66.1, 73.5 and 78.4% in the control, cysteamine, cystine and cystine+cysteamine groups, respectively; P < 0.05). Similarly, blastocyst yield was also increased in the three enriched groups compared to the control (17.1, 23.8, 29.3, 30.9% in the control, cysteamine, cystine and cystine+cysteamine groups, respectively; P < 0.05). Overall, the addition of cystine to a cysteamine-enriched medium resulted in a significant increase of cleavage rate and transferable embryo yield compared to the medium supplemented with only cysteamine.