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Evaluation of culture media for selective enumeration of probiotic strains of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria in combination with yoghurt or cheese starters



Evaluation of culture media for selective enumeration of probiotic strains of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria in combination with yoghurt or cheese starters



International dairy journal 16(12): 1470-1476



A series of culture media were evaluated for selective enumeration of 10 commercial probiotic cultures. The media M17 and MRS 5.2 were most suitable to enumerate the yoghurt starters Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, respectively. For the enumeration of probiotic Lb. acidophilus cultures, the MRS-clindamycin medium was found to be most optimal. Selective recovery results of the tested Bifidobacterium sp. were not uniform but indicated strain-to-strain variations depending on whether NPLN or MRS-LP were used. For the enumeration of probiotic cultures of Lb. rhamnosus and Lb. paracasei, LC medium (for yoghurt products) and MRS-AC medium (for cheese products) are recommended. In conclusion, our data indicate that the choice of culture medium and methodology for selective enumeration of commercial probiotic strains in combination with starters depends strongly on the product matrix, the target group and the taxonomic diversity of the bacterial background flora in the product.

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Accession: 012057385

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DOI: 10.1016/j.idairyj.2005.12.002


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