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Evidence for capacitative and non-capacitative Ca2+ entry pathways coexist in A10 vascular smooth muscle cells



Evidence for capacitative and non-capacitative Ca2+ entry pathways coexist in A10 vascular smooth muscle cells



Life Sciences 78(14): 1558-1563



It is generally thought that receptor-operated Ca2+ entry is related to store-operated or capacitative Ca2+ entry mechanism. Recent evidence suggests that non-capacitative Ca2+ entry pathways are also involved in receptor activated Ca2+ influx in many different kinds of cells. In this study, we studied whether alpha1-adrenoreceptor (alpha1-AR)-activated Ca2+ entry is coupled to both capacitative and non-capacitative pathways in A10 vascular smooth muscle cells by fura-2 fluorescence probe and conventional whole-cell patch clamp techniques. We found that both thapsigargin (TG) and phenylephrine (Phe) induced transient increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in Ca2+-free medium, and subsequent addition of Ca2+ evoked a sustained [Ca2+]i rise. When the membrane potential was held at -60 mV, both TG and Phe activated inward currents, which were inhibited by GdCl3(Gd3+), 0Na+/0Ca2+ solution and 1-{beta[3-(4-mehtoxyphenyl)propoxy]-4-methoxypheneth-yl}-1H- imidazole hydro-chloride (SK&F96365), but not by nifedipine. When Ca2+ store was depleted by TG in Ca2+-free solution, Phe failed to further evoke [Ca2+]i rise. However, when capacitative Ca2+ entry was activated by TG in the medium containing Ca2+, 10 microM Phe further increased [Ca2+]i. At the same concentration, TG activated an inward cation current, subsequent addition of Phe also further induced an inward cation current. Furthermore, the amplitudes of [Ca2+]i increase and current density induced by Phe in the presence of TG were less than that induced by Phe alone. Our results suggest that both capacitative and non-capacitative Ca2+ entry pathways are involved in Ca2+ influx induced by activation of alpha1-AR in A10 vascular smooth muscle cells.

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Accession: 012062227

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PMID: 16236332

DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.022


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