Section 13

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Cardin, S.; Li, D.; Thorin-Trescases, N.; Leung, T-Ki.; Thorin, E.; Nattel, S. 2003: Evolution of the atrial fibrillation substrate in experimental congestive heart failure: angiotensin-dependent and -independent pathways. Cardiovascular Research 60(2): 315-325
Saier, M.H.; Hvorup, R.N.; Barabote, R.D. 2005: Evolution of the bacterial phosphotransferase system: from carriers and enzymes to group translocators. Biochemical Society Transactions 33(Part 1): 220-224
Barriault, D.; Sylvestre, M. 2004: Evolution of the biphenyl dioxygenase BphA from Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 by random mutagenesis of multiple sites in region III. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(46): 47480-47488
James, T.Y.; Srivilai, P.; Kües, U.; Vilgalys, R. 2006: Evolution of the bipolar mating system of the mushroom Coprinellus disseminatus from its tetrapolar ancestors involves loss of mating-type-specific pheromone receptor function. Genetics 172(3): 1877-1891
Corcoran, A.; De Ridder, L.I.F.; Del Duca, D.; Kalala, O.J.P.; Lah, T.; Pilkington, G.J.; Del Maestro, R.F. 2003: Evolution of the brain tumour spheroid model: transcending current model limitations. Acta Neurochirurgica 145(9): 819-824
Oró, J.J. 2004: Evolution of the brain: from behavior to consciousness in 3.4 billion years. Neurosurgery 54(6): 1287-96; Discussion 1296-7
Marmorale, C.; Guercioni, G.; Siquini, W.; Freddara, U.; Santinelli, A.; Rubini, C.; Carle, F.; Landi, E. 2003: Evolution of the changes of the ileal pouch mucosa over a long follow-up period. Hepato-Gastroenterology 50(53): 1370-1375
Smirnova, I.I.; Kutyrev, V.V. 2004: Evolution of the cholera agent genome. Molekuliarnaia Genetika Mikrobiologiia i Virusologiia 2004(4): 3-13
Rodionov, A.V. 1999: Evolution of the chromosomal banding pattern. Genetika 35(3): 277-290
Spady, T.C.; Parry, J.W.L.; Robinson, P.R.; Hunt, D.M.; Bowmaker, J.K.; Carleton, K.L. 2006: Evolution of the cichlid visual palette through ontogenetic subfunctionalization of the opsin gene arrays. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23(8): 1538-1547
Inoue, J.G.; Miya, M.; Tsukamoto, K.; Nishida, M. 2003: Evolution of the deep-sea gulper eel mitochondrial genomes: large-scale gene rearrangements originated within the eels. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20(11): 1917-1924
Medlin, L.K.; Kaczmarska, I. 2004: Evolution of the diatoms: V. Morphological and cytological support for the major clades and a taxonomic revision. Phycologia 43(3): 245-270
Sims, P., A.; Mann, D., G.; Medlin, L., K. 2006: Evolution of the diatoms: insights from fossil, biological and molecular data. Phycologia 45(4): 361-402
Jin, J.; Copper, P. 2004: Evolution of the early silurian rhynchonellide brachiopod Stegerhynchus, Anticosti Island, eastern Canada. Journal of Paleontology 78(5): 866-883
Lawrence, K.T.; Liu, Z.; Herbert, T.D. 2006: Evolution of the eastern tropical Pacific through Plio-Pleistocene glaciation. Science 312(5770): 79-83
Zhang, X-Sheng.; Hill, W.G. 2005: Evolution of the environmental component of the phenotypic variance: stabilizing selection in changing environments and the cost of homogeneity. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 59(6): 1237-1244
Artamonova, I.I.; Gelfand, M.S. 2004: Evolution of the exon-intron structure and alternative splicing of the MAGE-A family of cancer/testis antigens. Journal of Molecular Evolution 59(5): 620-631
James, T.Y.; Kües, U.; Rehner, S.A.; Vilgalys, R. 2004: Evolution of the gene encoding mitochondrial intermediate peptidase and its cosegregation with the a mating-type locus of mushroom fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology: Fg and B 41(3): 381-390
Reumann, S.; Inoue, K.; Keegstra, K. 2005: Evolution of the general protein import pathway of plastids (review). Molecular Membrane Biology 22(1-2): 73-86
Wu, H.-L.; Bagby, S.; van den Elsen, J.M.H. 2005: Evolution of the genetic triplet code via two types of doublet codons. Journal of Molecular Evolution 61(1): 54-64
Wu, H.-Lin; Bagby, S.; Van-Den-Elsen, J., M.H. 2006: Evolution of the genetic triplet code via two types of doublet codons (vol 64, pg 54, 2005). Journal of Molecular Evolution 63(3): 426
Seymour, R.M.; Allan, M.J.; Pomiankowski, A.; Gustafsson, K. 2004: Evolution of the human ABO polymorphism by two complementary selective pressures. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 271(1543): 1065-1072
Bracha, H.S.; Yoshioka, D.T.; Masukawa, N.K.; Stockman, D.J.J. 2005: Evolution of the human fear-circuitry and acute sociogenic pseudoneurological symptoms: the Neolithic balanced-polymorphism hypothesis. Journal of Affective Disorders 88(2): 119-129
Gil, A.; Chamayou, A.; Leverd, E.; Bougaret, J.; Baron, M.; Couarraze, G. 2004: Evolution of the interaction of a new chemical entity, eflucimibe, with gamma-cyclodextrin during kneading process. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences: Official Journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences 23(2): 123-129
Giuggio, V.M.; Bonkovsky, H.L.; Rothman, A.L. 2005: Evolution of the intrahepatic T cell repertoire during chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Viral Immunology 18(1): 179-189
Sharkey, T.D.; Yeh, S.; Wiberley, A.E.; Falbel, T.G.; Gong, D.; Fernandez, D.E. 2005: Evolution of the isoprene biosynthetic pathway in kudzu. Plant Physiology 137(2): 700-712
Orgogozo, V.; Schweisguth, F.ço. 2004: Evolution of the larval peripheral nervous system in Drosophila species has involved a change in sensory cell lineage. Development Genes and Evolution 214(9): 442-452
Sabater-Muñoz, B.; van Ham, R.C.H.J.; Moya, Aés.; Silva, F.J.; Latorre, A. 2004: Evolution of the leucine gene cluster in Buchnera aphidicola: insights from chromosomal versions of the cluster. Journal of Bacteriology 186(9): 2646-2654
Meara, S.J.P.; Barker, G.J. 2005: Evolution of the longitudinal magnetization for pulse sequences using a fast spin-echo readout: application to fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery and double inversion-recovery sequences. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 54(1): 241-245
Belov, K.; Lam, M.K.P.; Hellman, L.; Colgan, D.J. 2003: Evolution of the major histocompatibility complex: Isolation of class II beta cDNAs from two monotremes, the platypus and the short-beaked echidna. Immunogenetics 55(6): 402-411
Stekolnikov, A.A.; Kuznetzov, V.I. 2003: Evolution of the male genitalia, phylogeny, and systematic position of the subfamilies Baroniinae Salvin, 1893, Luehdorfiinae Tutt, 1896, stat. n., and Zerynthiinae Grote, 1899 in the family Papilionidae (Lepidoptera). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 82(3): 548-565
Wildman, D.E.; Chen, C.; Erez, O.; Grossman, L.I.; Goodman, M.; Romero, R. 2006: Evolution of the mammalian placenta revealed by phylogenetic analysis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(9): 3203-3208
Mi, Y.P.; Chau, A.K.T.; Chiu, C.S.W.; Yung, T.C.; Lun, K.S.; Cheung, Y.F. 2005: Evolution of the management approach for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. Heart 91(5): 657-663
Yamaguchi, N.; Cooper, A.; Werdelin, L.; Macdonald, D., W. 2004: Evolution of the mane and group-living in the lion (Panthera leo): a review. Journal of Zoology (London) 263(Part 4): 329-342
Mougi, A.; Nishimura, K. 2006: Evolution of the maturation rate collapses competitive coexistence. Journal of Theoretical Biology 241(3): 467-476
Roig, I.; Robles, P.; Garcia, R.; Martin, M.; Egozcue, J.; Cabero, L.; Barambio, S.; Garcia, M. 2005: Evolution of the meiotic prophase and of the chromosome pairing process during human fetal ovarian development. Human Reproduction 20(9): 2463-2469
Mason, M.J. 2006: Evolution of the middle ear apparatus in Talpid moles. Journal of Morphology 267(6): 678-695
Nohara, M.; Nishida, M.; Miya, M.; Nishikawa, T. 2005: Evolution of the mitochondrial genome in cephalochordata as inferred from complete nucleotide sequences from two epigonichthys species. Journal of Molecular Evolution 60(4): 526-537
Remizowa, M.; Sokoloff, D.; Rudall, P.J. 2006: Evolution of the monocot gynoecium: evidence from comparative morphology and development in Tofieldia, Japonolirion, Petrosavia and Narthecium. Plant Systematics and Evolution 258(3-4): 183-209
Prum, R.O. 2005: Evolution of the morphological innovations of feathers. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 304(6): 570-579
Pils, B.; Schultz, J.ör. 2004: Evolution of the multifunctional protein tyrosine phosphatase family. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21(4): 625-631
Raikova, O., I.; Reuter, M.; Gustafsson, M., K.S.; Maule, A., G.; Halton, D., W.; Jondelius, U. 2004: Evolution of the nervous system in Paraphanostoma (Acoela). Zoologica Scripta 33(1): 71-88
Bothwell, M. 2006: Evolution of the neurotrophin signaling system in invertebrates. Brain Behavior and Evolution 68(3): 124-132
Le Jeune, C.; Erny, C.; Demuyter, C.; Lollier, M. 2006: Evolution of the population of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from grape to wine in a spontaneous fermentation. Food Microbiology 23(8): 709-716
Krasowski, M.D.; Yasuda, K.; Hagey, L.R.; Schuetz, E.G. 2005: Evolution of the pregnane x receptor: adaptation to cross-species differences in biliary bile salts. Molecular Endocrinology 19(7): 1720-1739
Fleuriet, A. 1999: Evolution of the proportions of two sigma viral types in experimental populations of Drosophila melanogaster in the absence of the allele that is restrictive of viral multiplication. Genetics 153(4): 1799-1808
Vienne, A.; Shiina, T.; Abi-Rached, L.; Danchin, E.; Vitiello, V.; Cartault, F.ço.; Inoko, H.; Pontarotti, P. 2003: Evolution of the proto-MHC ancestral region: more evidence for the plesiomorphic organisation of human chromosome 9q34 region. Immunogenetics 55(7): 429-436
Hoffmann, M.H. 2005: Evolution of the realized climatic niche in the genus Arabidopsis (Brassicaceae). Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 59(7): 1425-1436
Wilkinson, T.N.; Speed, T.P.; Tregear, G.W.; Bathgate, R.A.D. 2005: Evolution of the relaxin-like peptide family. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 5: 14
Marqués, G.G.óm.; Goenaga, P.E.; Royo, F.J.L.; Escolá, J.M.; García Fernández, N.; Unanua, A.P. 2005: Evolution of the renal function is a better predictor of long-term survival than serum creatinine. Transplantation Proceedings 37(9): 3701-3704
Laukaitis, C., M.; Karn, R., C. 2005: Evolution of the secretoglobins: a genomic and proteomic view. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 84(3): 493-501
Heinz, T. 2005: Evolution of the silver and gold stains in neurohistology. Biotechnic and Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission 80(5-6): 211-222
Stekolnikov, A.A.; Kuznetzov, V.I. 2005: Evolution of the skeleton and musculature of the male genitalia in family Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera). I. Sections Cupido, Glaucopsyche, Lycaenopsis, Itylos. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 84(4): 738-760
Jepson, B.J.N.; Marietou, A.; Mohan, S.; Cole, J.A.; Butler, C.S.; Richardson, D.J. 2006: Evolution of the soluble nitrate reductase: defining the monomeric periplasmic nitrate reductase subgroup. Biochemical Society Transactions 34(Part 1): 122-126
Linder, H.P.; Hardy, C.R. 2004: Evolution of the species-rich Cape flora. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B Biological Sciences 359(1450): 1623-1632
Haase, B.; Schlötterer, C.; Hundrieser, M.E.; Kuiper, H.; Distl, O.; Töpfer-Petersen, E.; Leeb, T. 2005: Evolution of the spermadhesin gene family. Gene 352: 20-29
Breed, W.G. 2005: Evolution of the spermatozoon in muroid rodents. Journal of Morphology 265(3): 271-290
de Kloet, R.S.; de Kloet, S.R. 2003: Evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: independent cessation of the recombination of sex chromosomes at the spindlin locus in neognathous birds and tinamous, a palaeognathous avian family. Genetica 119(3): 333-342
Iwasaki, S-ichi. 2002: Evolution of the structure and function of the vertebrate tongue. Journal of Anatomy 201(1): 1-13
Bonnefond, L.; Giegé, R.; Rudinger-Thirion, J.ël. 2005: Evolution of the tRNA(Tyr)/TyrRS aminoacylation systems. Biochimie 87(9-10): 873-883
Citterio, F. 2004: Evolution of the therapeutic drug monitoring of cyclosporine. Transplantation Proceedings 36(2 Suppl): 420s-425s
Penton, E.H.; Crease, T.J. 2004: Evolution of the transposable element Pokey in the ribosomal DNA of species in the subgenus Daphnia (Crustacea: Cladocera). Molecular Biology and Evolution 21(9): 1727-1739
Moran Penco, J.M.; Gomez Fraile, A.; Rodríguez Alarcon, J.; Garcia Merino, F.; Vela, D.; Sanjuán Rodriguez, S.; Aransay Brantot, A. 2004: Evolution of the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in Spain. Journal of Urology 171(2 Part 1): 834-837
Sturmbauer, C.; Hainz, U.; Baric, S.; Verheyen, E.; Salzburger, W. 2003: Evolution of the tribe Tropheini from Lake Tanganyika: Synchronized explosive speciation producing multiple evolutionary parallelism. Hydrobiologia 500: 51-64
Koch, M.A.; Dobes, C.; Matschinger, M.; Bleeker, W.; Vogel, J.; Kiefer, M.; Mitchell-Olds, T. 2005: Evolution of the trnF(GAA) gene in Arabidopsis relatives and the brassicaceae family: monophyletic origin and subsequent diversification of a plastidic pseudogene. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22(4): 1032-1043
Pavlicek, A.; Noskov, V.N.; Kouprina, N.; Barrett, J.C.; Jurka, J.; Larionov, V. 2004: Evolution of the tumor suppressor BRCA1 locus in primates: implications for cancer predisposition. Human Molecular Genetics 13(22): 2737-2751
Demma, L.J.; Vanderford, T.H.; Logsdon, J.M.; Feinberg, M.B.; Staprans, S.I. 2006: Evolution of the uniquely adaptable lentiviral envelope in a natural reservoir host. Retrovirology 3: 19
Narita, Y.; Kuratani, S. 2005: Evolution of the vertebral formulae in mammals: a perspective on developmental constraints. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 304(2): 91-106
Annilo, T.; Chen, Z.-Q.; Shulenin, S.; Costantino, J.; Thomas, L.; Lou, H.; Stefanov, S.; Dean, M. 2006: Evolution of the vertebrate ABC gene family: analysis of gene birth and death. Genomics 88(1): 1-11
Yokomine, T.; Hata, K.; Tsudzuki, M.; Sasaki, H. 2006: Evolution of the vertebrate DNMT3 gene family: a possible link between existence of DNMT3L and genomic imprinting. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 113(1-4): 75-80
Prohaska, S.J.; Stadler, P.F. 2006: Evolution of the vertebrate ParaHox clusters. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 306(5): 481-487
Kuratani, S. 2004: Evolution of the vertebrate jaw: comparative embryology and molecular developmental biology reveal the factors behind evolutionary novelty. Journal of Anatomy 205(5): 335-347
Chu, C.; Chiu, C-Hsun. 2006: Evolution of the virulence plasmids of non-typhoid Salmonella and its association with antimicrobial resistance. Microbes and Infection 8(7): 1931-1936
Fernandez Garcia, E.; Gaya, P.; Medina, M.; Nunez, M. 2004: Evolution of the volatile components of raw ewes' milk Castellano cheese: Seasonal variation. International Dairy Journal 14(1): 39-46
Moul, J., W.; Fowler, J., E.J. 2003: Evolution of therapeutic approaches with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists in 2003. Urology 62(6A): 20-28
Banerjee, S.; Bishop, W.P. 2006: Evolution of thiopurine use in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease in an academic center. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 43(3): 324-330
Wallace, K., J.; Callaway, J., C.; Zedler, J., B. 2005: Evolution of tidal creek networks in a high sedimentation environment: A 5-year experiment at Tijuana Estuary, California. Estuaries 28(6): 795-811
Schaffeld, M.; Bremer, M.; Hunzinger, C.; Markl, J.ür. 2005: Evolution of tissue-specific keratins as deduced from novel cDNA sequences of the lungfish Protopterus aethiopicus. European Journal of Cell Biology 84(2-3): 363-377
Santos, A.; Yustos, P.; Quintanilla, A.; García-Ochoa, F.; Casas, J.A.; Rodríguez, J.J. 2004: Evolution of toxicity upon wet catalytic oxidation of phenol. Environmental Science and Technology 38(1): 133-138
Kotelnikova, E.A.; Makeev, V.J.; Gelfand, M.S. 2005: Evolution of transcription factor DNA binding sites. Gene 347(2): 255-263
Bessen, D.E.; Manoharan, A.; Luo, F.; Wertz, J.E.; Robinson, D.Ashley. 2005: Evolution of transcription regulatory genes is linked to niche specialization in the bacterial pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes. Journal of Bacteriology 187(12): 4163-4172
Zhouravleva, G.; Schepachev, V.; Petrova, A.; Tarasov, O.; Inge-Vechtomov, S. 2006: Evolution of translation termination factor eRF3: is GSPT2 generated by retrotransposition of GSPT1's mRNA?. Iubmb Life 58(4): 199-202
Jones, G.; Dyson, P. 2006: Evolution of transmembrane protein kinases implicated in coordinating remodeling of gram-positive peptidoglycan: inside versus outside. Journal of Bacteriology 188(21): 7470-7476
Fernandes, Jorge, M.O. 2004: Evolution of trunk muscles to cope with four legs. Journal of Experimental Biology 207(19): V-VI
Chen, J.-M.; Kukor, Z.án.; Le Maréchal, C.éd.; Tóth, M.ós.; Tsakiris, L.; Raguénès, O.; Férec, C.; Sahin-Tóth, M.ós. 2003: Evolution of trypsinogen activation peptides. Molecular Biology and Evolution 20(11): 1767-1777
Dye, C.; Watt, C.J.; Bleed, D.M.; Hosseini, S.M.; Raviglione, M.C. 2005: Evolution of tuberculosis control and prospects for reducing tuberculosis incidence, prevalence, and deaths globally. JAMA 293(22): 2767-2775
Stallings, R.L.; Carty, P.; McArdle, L.; Mullarkey, M.; McDermott, M.; O'Meara, A.; Ryan, E.; Catchpoole, D.; Breatnach, F. 2004: Evolution of unbalanced gain of distal chromosome 2p in neuroblastoma. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 106(1): 49-54
Takata, S.; Yasui, N.; Nakatsuka, K.; Ralston, S.H. 2004: Evolution of understanding of genetics of Paget's disease of bone and related diseases. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 22(6): 519-523
Mitchell, C., H.; Diggle, P., K. 2005: Evolution of unisexual flowers: Morphological and functional convergence results from diverse developmental transitions. American Journal of Botany 92(7): 1068-1076,1059
Handoh Itsuki, C.; Bigg Grant, R.; Jones, E.J.hn W. 2003: Evolution of upwelling in the Atlantic Ocean basin. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 202(1-2): 31-58
Tenorio, A.R.; Peeples, M.E.; Patri, M.; Rezai, K.; Trenholme, G.M. 2004: Evolution of vaccinia virus-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses in primary vaccinees and revaccinees. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 11(4): 758-761
Shpak, M. 2005: Evolution of variance in offspring number: the effects of population size and migration. Theory in Biosciences 124(1): 65-85
Azeem, T.; Adlam, D.; Gershlick, A. 2005: Evolution of vascular brachytherapy over time: data from the RENO-registry analysis. International Journal of Cardiology 100(2): 225-228
Cyprien, A.L.; Visset, L.; Carcaud, N. 2004: Evolution of vegetation landscapes during the Holocene in the central and downstream Loire basin (Western France). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 13(3): 181-196
Hikima, J-ichi.; Lennard, M.L.; Wilson, M.R.; Miller, N.W.; Clem, L.William.; Warr, G.W. 2005: Evolution of vertebrate E protein transcription factors: comparative analysis of the E protein gene family in Takifugu rubripes and humans. Physiological Genomics 21(2): 144-151
Sun, K.; Liebschner, M.A.K. 2004: Evolution of vertebroplasty: a biomechanical perspective. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 32(1): 77-91
Gilchrist, M.A.; Coombs, D. 2006: Evolution of virulence: interdependence, constraints, and selection using nested models. Theoretical Population Biology 69(2): 145-153
Lively, C.M. 2005: Evolution of virulence: coinfection and propagule production in spore-producing parasites. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 5: 64
Zhang, J.; Zhang, G.; McCormack, J.C.; Simon, A.E. 2006: Evolution of virus-derived sequences for high-level replication of a subviral RNA. Virology 351(2): 476-488
Zylberman, V.; Klinke, S.án.; Haase, I.; Bacher, A.; Fischer, M.; Goldbaum, F.A. 2006: Evolution of vitamin B2 biosynthesis: 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthases of Brucella. Journal of Bacteriology 188(17): 6135-6142
Fischer, M.; Römisch, W.; Saller, S.; Illarionov, B.; Richter, G.; Rohdich, F.; Eisenreich, W.; Bacher, A. 2004: Evolution of vitamin B2 biosynthesis: structural and functional similarity between pyrimidine deaminases of eubacterial and plant origin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(35): 36299-36308
Fischer, M.; Schott, A.-K.; Römisch, W.; Ramsperger, A.; Augustin, M.; Fidler, A.; Bacher, A.; Richter, G.; Huber, R.; Eisenreich, W. 2004: Evolution of vitamin B2 biosynthesis. a novel class of riboflavin synthase in Archaea. Journal of Molecular Biology 343(1): 267-278
Tanaka, T.; Tateno, Y.; Gojobori, T. 2005: Evolution of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) metabolism by gain and loss of genes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22(2): 243-250
Hodges, W.L. 2004: Evolution of viviparity in horned lizards (Phrynosoma): testing the cold-climate hypothesis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17(6): 1230-1237
Hashiguchi, Y.; Nishida, M. 2005: Evolution of vomeronasal-type odorant receptor genes in the zebrafish genome. Gene 362: 19-28
Ozsunar, Y.; Grant, P.Ellen.; Huisman, T.A.G.M.; Schaefer, P.W.; Wu, O.; Sorensen, A.Gregory.; Koroshetz, W.J.; Gonzalez, R.Gilberto. 2004: Evolution of water diffusion and anisotropy in hyperacute stroke: significant correlation between fractional anisotropy and T2. Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 25(5): 699-705
Stratton, G., E.; Suter, R., B.; Miller, P., R. 2004: Evolution of water surface locomotion by spiders: A comparative approach. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81(1): 63-78
Neerincx, P.B.T.; Leunissen, J.A.M. 2005: Evolution of web services in bioinformatics. Briefings in Bioinformatics 6(2): 178-188
Sester, M.; Duerr, C.; Darmency, H.; Colbach, N. 2006: Evolution of weed beet (Beta vulgaris L.) seed bank: Quantification of seed survival, dormancy, germination and pre-emergence growth. European Journal of Agronomy 24(1): 19-25
Zhang, X.; Liu, C.; Gong, Q.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, D.; Lu, Z.; Wang, Y. 2003: Evolution of wild type and mutants of the YMDD motif of hepatitis B virus polymerase during lamivudine therapy. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 18(12): 1353-1357
Hovi, T.; Lindholm, N.; Savolainen, C.; Stenvik, M.; Burns, C. 2004: Evolution of wild-type 1 poliovirus in two healthy siblings excreting the virus over a period of 6 months. Journal of General Virology 85(Part 2): 369-377
Molet, M.; Peeters, C. 2006: Evolution of wingless reproductives in ants: weakly specialized ergatoid queen instead of gamergates in Platythyrea conradti. Insectes Sociaux 53(2): 177-182
Ohtsuka, S. 2004: Evolution of zooplankters with special reference to pelagic copepods. BULLETIN OF PLANKTON SOCIETY OF JAPAN 51(2): 125-131
Murienne, J.; Grandcolas, P.; Piulachs, M.-Dolors; Belles, X.; D'haese, C.; Legendre, F.; Pellens, R.; Guilbert, E. 2005: Evolution on a shaky piece of Gondwana: is local endemism recent in New Caledonia?. Cladistics 21(1): 2-7
Beerenwinkel, N.; Eriksson, N.; Sturmfels, B. 2006: Evolution on distributive lattices. Journal of Theoretical Biology 242(2): 409-420
Gérard, C.; Delwaide, J.; Vaira, D.; Bastens, B.; Servais, Bît.; Wain, E.; Bataille, C.; Daenen, G.; Belaïche, J. 2005: Evolution over a 10 year period of the epidemiological profile of 1,726 newly diagnosed HCV patients in Belgium. Journal of Medical Virology 76(4): 503-510
Petrakis, P., V.; Tsoukatou, M.; Vagias, C.; Roussis, V.; Cheng, L. 2003: Evolution probing for semiochemicals based on secondary metabolites in the cuticles of three species of Halobates (Heteroptera: Gerridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80(4): 671-688
Thierry, X. 2004: Evolution recente de l'immigration en France et elements de comparaison avec le Royaume-Uni. Population 59(5): 725-764
Bergier, P.; Franchimont, J.; Thevenot, M. 2003: Evolution recente de la population d'Erismature a tete blanche Oxyura leucocephola au Maroc. Alauda 71(3): 339-346
Kervella, J.Y.; Bornert, G.; Chicot, J.P.; Dumas, E.; Genin-Lomier, S.; Karom, A. 2004: Evolution recente des dispositions reglementaires dans le domaine des eaux destinees a l'alimentation humaine - Consequences pour le ministere de la defense. Medecine et Armees 32(2): 154-160
Varrone, D.; Clari, P. 2003: Evolution stratigraphique et paleo-environnementale de la Formation a Microcodium et des Calcaires a Nummulites dans les Alpes Maritimes franco-italiennes. Geobios Villeurbanne embre- embre; 36(6): 775-786
Saucede, T.; Mooi, R.; David, B. 2004: Evolution to the extreme: Origins of the highly modified apical system in pourtalesiid echinoids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140(1): 137-155
Tilszer, M.; Antoszczyk, K.; Sałek, N.; Zajac, E.; Radwan, J. 2006: Evolution under relaxed sexual conflict in the bulb mite Rhizoglyphus robini. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 60(9): 1868-1873
Schmidt, S.; Claussen, U.; Liehr, T.; Weise, A. 2005: Evolution versus constitution: differences in chromosomal inversion. Human Genetics 117(2-3): 213-219
Sille Nicholas, P.; Collinson Margaret, E.; Kucera Michal; Hooker Jerry, J. 2004: Evolution within the charophyte genus Harrisichara, late Paleogene, southern England; environmental and biostratigraphic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 208(1-2): 153-173
Tamiya, N.; Yagi, T. 2006: Evolution without divergence. Iubmb Life 58(5-6): 309-311
Seifert, H.S.H. 2004: Evolution, Pathogenese und Epizootologie von Bodenseuchen. Tieraerztliche Umschau 59(1): 9-12
Harrison, J.S. 2004: Evolution, biogeography, and the utility of mitochondrial 16s and COi genes in phylogenetic analysis of the crab genus Austinixa (Decapoda: Pinnotheridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30(3): 743-754
Barnosky, A.D.; Bell, C.J. 2003: Evolution, climatic change and species boundaries: perspectives from tracing Lemmiscus curtatus populations through time and space. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 270(1533): 2585-2590
Gluckman, P.D.; Hanson, M.A. 2006: Evolution, development and timing of puberty. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: Tem 17(1): 7-12
Ribera, I.; Bilton, D., T.; Balke, M.; Hendrich, L. 2003: Evolution, mitochondrial DNA phylogeny and systematic position of the Macaronesian endemic Hydrotarsus Falkenstrom (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Systematic Entomology 28(4): 493-508
Gomez, E.T.; Sanfeliu, T.; Rius, J.; Jordan, M.M. 2005: Evolution, sources and distribution of mineral particles and amorphous phase of atmospheric aerosol in an industrial and Mediterranean coastal area. Water Air and Soil Pollution 167(1-4): 311-330
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Inberg, A.; Linial, M. 2004: Evolutional insights on uncharacterized SARS coronavirus genes. Febs Letters 577(1-2): 159-164
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Michishita, E.; Park, J.Y.; Burneskis, J.M.; Barrett, J.C.; Horikawa, I. 2005: Evolutionarily conserved and nonconserved cellular localizations and functions of human SIRT proteins. Molecular Biology of the Cell 16(10): 4623-4635
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Cascella, M.; Micheletti, C.; Rothlisberger, U.; Carloni, P. 2005: Evolutionarily conserved functional mechanics across pepsin-like and retroviral aspartic proteases. Journal of the American Chemical Society 127(11): 3734-3742
Levanon, E.Y.; Hallegger, M.; Kinar, Y.; Shemesh, R.; Djinovic-Carugo, K.; Rechavi, G.; Jantsch, M.F.; Eisenberg, E. 2005: Evolutionarily conserved human targets of adenosine to inosine RNA editing. Nucleic Acids Research 33(4): 1162-1168
Cvrckova, F.; Rivero, F.; Bavinka, B. 2004: Evolutionarily conserved modules in actin nucleation: lessons from Dictyostelium discoideum and plants. Protoplasma 224(1-2): 15-31
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Takahashi, K.; Maruyama, M.; Tokuzawa, Y.; Murakami, M.; Oda, Y.; Yoshikane, N.; Makabe, K.W.; Ichisaka, T.; Yamanaka, S. 2005: Evolutionarily conserved non-AUG translation initiation in NAT1/p97/DAP5 (EIF4G2). Genomics 85(3): 360-371
Paiardini, A.; Bossa, F.; Pascarella, S. 2004: Evolutionarily conserved regions and hydrophobic contacts at the superfamily level: the case of the fold-type I, pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes. Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 13(11): 2992-3005
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Allocati, N.; Masulli, M.; Pietracupa, M.; Federici, L.; Di Ilio, C. 2006: Evolutionarily conserved structural motifs in bacterial GST (glutathione S-transferase) are involved in protein folding and stability. Biochemical Journal 394(Part 1): 11-17
Jiménez-Jiménez, J.ús.; Zardoya, R.; Ledesma, A.; García de Lacoba, M.; Zaragoza, P.; Mar González-Barroso, M.; Rial, E. 2006: Evolutionarily distinct residues in the uncoupling protein UCP1 are essential for its characteristic basal proton conductance. Journal of Molecular Biology 359(4): 1010-1022
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Cheung, T.C.; Humphreys, I.R.; Potter, K.G.; Norris, P.S.; Shumway, H.M.; Tran, B.R.; Patterson, G.; Jean-Jacques, R.; Yoon, M.; Spear, P.G.; Murphy, K.M.; Lurain, N.S.; Benedict, C.A.; Ware, C.F. 2005: Evolutionarily divergent herpesviruses modulate T cell activation by targeting the herpesvirus entry mediator cosignaling pathway. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(37): 13218-13223
Moretz, J.A.; Morris, M.R. 2003: Evolutionarily labile responses to a signal of aggressive intent. Proceedings. Biological Sciences 270(1530): 2271-2277
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Broom, M.; Speed, M.P.; Ruxton, G.D. 2006: Evolutionarily stable defence and signalling of that defence. Journal of Theoretical Biology 242(1): 32-43
Valleriani, A. 2006: Evolutionarily stable germination strategies with time-correlated yield. Theoretical Population Biology 70(3): 255-261
Broom, M.; Speed, M.; Ruxton, G. 2005: Evolutionarily stable investment in secondary defences. Functional Ecology ober; ): 836-843
Cressman, R.; Garay, József.; Varga, Zán. 2003: Evolutionarily stable sets in the single-locus frequency-dependent model of natural selection. Journal of Mathematical Biology 47(5): 465-482
Sansone, E.; Eshel, I. 2006: Evolutionarily stable strategies and short-term selection in Mendelian populations re-visited. Theoretical Population Biology 70(1): 76-81
Ripoll, J.; Saldaña, J.; Senar, J.C. 2004: Evolutionarily stable transition rates in a stage-structured model. An application to the analysis of size distributions of badges of social status. Mathematical Biosciences 190(2): 145-181
Desnitskiĭ, A.G. 2006: Evolutionary reorganizations of ontogenesis in related species of coenobial volvocine algae. Ontogenez 37(4): 261-272
Boon, N.; Depuydt, S.; Verstraete, W. 2006: Evolutionary algorithms and flow cytometry to examine the parameters influencing transconjugant formation. Fems Microbiology Ecology 55(1): 17-27
Hubley, R.M.; Zitzler, E.; Roach, J.C. 2003: Evolutionary algorithms for the selection of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Bmc Bioinformatics 4: 30
Lameijer, E.-Wubbo; Baeck, T.; Kok, J., N.; Ijzerman, A., P. 2005: Evolutionary algorithms in drug design. Natural Computing 4(3): 177-243
Baker, M.E. 2004: Evolutionary analysis of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1, -type 2, -type 3 and 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 2 in fish. Febs Letters 574(1-3): 167-170
Kim, J.-H.; Antunes, A.; Luo, S.-J.; Menninger, J.; Nash, W.G.; O'Brien, S.J.; Johnson, W.E. 2006: Evolutionary analysis of a large mtDNA translocation (numt) into the nuclear genome of the Panthera genus species. Gene 366(2): 292-302
Sentandreu, V.; Castro, J.A.; Ayllón, M.A.; Rubio, L.; Guerri, J.; González-Candelas, F.; Moreno, P.; Moya, A. 2006: Evolutionary analysis of genetic variation observed in citrus tristeza virus (CTV) after host passage. Archives of Virology 151(5): 875-894
Dormer, A.; Beck, G. 2005: Evolutionary analysis of human vascular endothelial growth factor, angiopoietin, and tyrosine endothelial kinase involved in angiogenesis and immunity. In Silico Biology 5(3): 323-339
Zhao, F.; Qin, S. 2006: Evolutionary analysis of phycobiliproteins: implications for their structural and functional relationships. Journal of Molecular Evolution 63(3): 330-340
Teller, D.C.; Stenkamp, R.E.; Palczewski, K. 2003: Evolutionary analysis of rhodopsin and cone pigments: connecting the three-dimensional structure with spectral tuning and signal transfer. Febs Letters 555(1): 151-159
Chen, Y.-T.; Chang, H.Y.; Lu, C.L.; Peng, H.-L. 2004: Evolutionary analysis of the two-component systems in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Journal of Molecular Evolution 59(6): 725-737
Balhoff, J.P.; Wray, G.A.; Wray, G.A. 2005: Evolutionary analysis of the well characterized endo16 promoter reveals substantial variation within functional sites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(24): 8591-8596
Lieberman, L.S. 2006: Evolutionary and anthropological perspectives on optimal foraging in obesogenic environments. Appetite 47(1): 3-9
Morandi, A.; Zhaxybayeva, O.; Gogarten, J.Peter.; Graf, J. 2005: Evolutionary and diagnostic implications of intragenomic heterogeneity in the 16S rRNA gene in Aeromonas strains. Journal of Bacteriology 187(18): 6561-6564
Bøttger, P.; Pedersen, L. 2005: Evolutionary and experimental analyses of inorganic phosphate transporter PiT family reveals two related signature sequences harboring highly conserved aspartic acids critical for sodium-dependent phosphate transport function of human PiT2. Febs Journal 272(12): 3060-3074
Paulsson, K.M. 2004: Evolutionary and functional perspectives of the major histocompatibility complex class i antigen-processing machinery. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: Cmls 61(19-20): 2446-2460
Buscher, A.Z.; Burmeister, K.; Barenkamp, S.J.; St Geme, J.W. 2004: Evolutionary and functional relationships among the nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae HMW family of adhesins. Journal of Bacteriology 186(13): 4209-4217
Anantha, R.P.; McVeigh, A.L.; Lee, L.H.; Agnew, M.K.; Cassels, F.J.; Scott, D.A.; Whittam, T.S.; Savarino, S.J. 2004: Evolutionary and functional relationships of colonization factor antigen i and other class 5 adhesive fimbriae of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Infection and Immunity 72(12): 7190-7201
Bandyopadhyay, S.; Cookson, M.R. 2004: Evolutionary and functional relationships within the DJ1 superfamily. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 4: 6
Stam, M.R.; Blanc, E.; Coutinho, P.M.; Henrissat, B. 2005: Evolutionary and mechanistic relationships between glycosidases acting on alpha- and beta-bonds. Carbohydrate Research 340(18): 2728-2734
Marco, A.; Cuesta, A.; Pedrola, L.; Palau, F.; Marín, I. 2004: Evolutionary and structural analyses of GDAP1, involved in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, characterize a novel class of glutathione transferase-related genes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21(1): 176-187
Valderrama, B.; Oliver, P.; Medrano-Soto, A.; Vazquez-Duhalt, R. 2003: Evolutionary and structural diversity of fungal laccases. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 84(4): 289-299
Mihalek, I.; Res, I.; Lichtarge, O. 2006: Evolutionary and structural feedback on selection of sequences for comparative analysis of proteins. Proteins 63(1): 87-99
Jankowska-Blaszczuk, Malgorzata 2004: Evolutionary aspect of soil seed banks of northern temperate deciduous forest. ECOLOGICAL QUESTIONS 5: 93-112
Chernova, O.F. 2006: Evolutionary aspects of hair polymorphism. Izvestiia Akademii Nauk. Seriia Biologicheskaia 2006(1): 52-62
Taylor, J.R.; Grosell, M. 2006: Evolutionary aspects of intestinal bicarbonate secretion in fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part a Molecular and Integrative Physiology 143(4): 523-529
Pfluger, H.; Stevenson, P. 2005: Evolutionary aspects of octopaminergic systems with emphasis on arthropods. Arthropod structure and development 34(3): 379-396
Evanno, G.; Castella, E.; Goudet, J. 2006: Evolutionary aspects of population structure for molecular and quantitative traits in the freshwater snail Radix balthica. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19(4): 1071-1082
Baxevanis, A.D.; Triantaphyllidis, G.V.; Kappas, I.; Triantafyllidis, A.; Triantaphyllidis, C.D.; Abatzopoulos, T.J. 2005: Evolutionary assessment of Artemia tibetiana (Crustacea, Anostraca) based on morphometry and 16S rRNA RFLP analysis. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 43(3): 189-198
Shackelton, L.A.; Parrish, C.R.; Holmes, E.C. 2006: Evolutionary basis of codon usage and nucleotide composition bias in vertebrate DNA viruses. Journal of Molecular Evolution 62(5): 551-563
Brown, C.R.; Thomson, D.L. 2004: Evolutionary biology and life histories. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 27(1): 21-22
Crespi, B.; Summers, K. 2005: Evolutionary biology of cancer. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20(10): 545-552
Lahbib-Mansais, Y.; Mompart, F.; Milan, D.; Leroux, S.; Faraut, T.; Delcros, C.; Yerle, M. 2006: Evolutionary breakpoints through a high-resolution comparative map between porcine chromosomes 2 and 16 and human chromosomes. Genomics 88(4): 504-512
Masel, J. 2005: Evolutionary capacitance may be favored by natural selection. Genetics 170(3): 1359-1371
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Riehle, M.M.; Bennett, A.F.; Lenski, R.E.; Long, A.D. 2003: Evolutionary changes in heat-inducible gene expression in lines of Escherichia coli adapted to high temperature. Physiological Genomics 14(1): 47-58
Dupont, Y.L.; Hansen, D.M.; Rasmussen, J.T.; Olesen, J.M. 2004: Evolutionary changes in nectar sugar composition associated with switches between bird and insect pollination: the Canarian bird-flower element revisited. Functional Ecology 18(5): 670-676
Sullivan, J.M.; Beltz, B.S. 2004: Evolutionary changes in the olfactory projection neuron pathways of eumalacostracan crustaceans. Journal of Comparative Neurology 470(1): 25-38
Ebenhöh, O.; Handorf, T.; Kahn, D. 2006: Evolutionary changes of metabolic networks and their biosynthetic capacities. Systems Biology 153(5): 354-358
Tominaga, A.; Lan, R.; Reeves, P.R. 2005: Evolutionary changes of the flhDC flagellar master operon in Shigella strains. Journal of Bacteriology 187(12): 4295-4302
Niimura, Y.; Nei, M. 2005: Evolutionary changes of the number of olfactory receptor genes in the human and mouse lineages. Gene 346: 23-28
Kulikova, N.A. 2004: Evolutionary changes of the pseudotracheal rings of the oral disc labella in the dipteran superfamilies Muscoidea and Tachinoidea (Diptera). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 83(2): 308-312
Boeri, E.; Gianotti, N.; Canducci, F.; Hasson, H.; Giudici, B.; Castagna, A.; Lazzarin, A.; Clementi, M. 2003: Evolutionary characteristics of HIV type 1 variants resistant to protease inhibitors in the absence of drug-selective pressure. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 19(12): 1151-1153
Bräuer, S.; Almstetter, M.; Antuch, W.; Behnke, D.; Taube, R.; Furer, P.; Hess, S. 2005: Evolutionary chemistry approach toward finding novel inhibitors of the type 2 diabetes target glucose-6-phosphate translocase. Journal of Combinatorial Chemistry 7(2): 218-226
Neuwald, A.F. 2005: Evolutionary clues to eukaryotic DNA clamp-loading mechanisms: analysis of the functional constraints imposed on replication factor C AAA+ ATPases. Nucleic Acids Research 33(11): 3614-3628
Teixidó, M.; Belda, I.; Zurita, E.; Llorà, X.; Fabre, M.; Vilaró, S.én.; Albericio, F.; Giralt, E. 2005: Evolutionary combinatorial chemistry, a novel tool for SAR studies on peptide transport across the blood-brain barrier. Part 2. Design, synthesis and evaluation of a first generation of peptides. Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society 11(12): 789-804
Tung, J.Y.; Luetjens, C.M.; Wistuba, J.; Xu, E.Y.; Reijo Pera, R.A.; Gromoll, J.ör. 2006: Evolutionary comparison of the reproductive genes, DAZL and BOULE, in primates with and without DAZ. Development Genes and Evolution 216(3): 158-168
Bonafé, L.; Dermitzakis, E.T.; Unger, S.; Greenberg, C.R.; Campos-Xavier, B.A.; Zankl, A.; Ucla, C.; Antonarakis, S.E.; Superti-Furga, A.; Reymond, A. 2005: Evolutionary comparison provides evidence for pathogenicity of RMRP mutations. Plos Genetics 1(4): E47
Kodama, T.; Li, X.; Nakahira, K.; Ito, D. 2005: Evolutionary computation applied to the reconstruction of 3-D surface topography in the SEM. Journal of Electron Microscopy 54(5): 429-435
Howard, D.; Benson, K. 2003: Evolutionary computation method for pattern recognition of cis-acting sites. Bio Systems 72(1-2): 19-27
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Alfaro, M.E.; Bolnick, D.I.; Wainwright, P.C. 2005: Evolutionary consequences of many-to-one mapping of jaw morphology to mechanics in labrid fishes. American Naturalist 165(6): E140-E154
Long, A.B.; Boss, J.M. 2005: Evolutionary conservation and characterization of the bare lymphocyte syndrome transcription factor RFX-B and its paralogue ANKRA2. Immunogenetics 56(11): 788-797
Huang, C.-H.; Peng, J. 2005: Evolutionary conservation and diversification of Rh family genes and proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(43): 15512-15517
Bennetts, J.S.; Fowles, L.F.; Berkman, J.L.; van Bueren, K.L.; Richman, J.M.; Simpson, F.; Wicking, C. 2006: Evolutionary conservation and murine embryonic expression of the gene encoding the SERTA domain-containing protein CDCA4 (HEPP). Gene 374: 153-165
Wong, W.K.P.; Morse, J.H.; Knowles, J.A. 2006: Evolutionary conservation and mutational spectrum of BMPR2 gene. Gene 368: 84-93
Kalyna, M.; Lopato, S.; Voronin, V.; Barta, A. 2006: Evolutionary conservation and regulation of particular alternative splicing events in plant SR proteins. Nucleic Acids Research 34(16): 4395-4405
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Venglarik, C.J.; Gao, Z.; Lu, X. 2004: Evolutionary conservation of Drosophila polycystin-2 as a calcium-activated cation channel. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 15(5): 1168-1177
Basu, P.; Sargent, T.G.; Redmond, L.C.; Aisenberg, J.C.; Kransdorf, E.P.; Wang, S.Z.; Ginder, G.D.; Lloyd, J.A. 2004: Evolutionary conservation of KLF transcription factors and functional conservation of human gamma-globin gene regulation in chicken. Genomics 84(2): 311-319
Rosen, A.E.; Brooks, B.S.; Guth, E.; Francklyn, C.S.; Musier-Forsyth, K. 2006: Evolutionary conservation of a functionally important backbone phosphate group critical for aminoacylation of histidine tRNAs. Rna 12(7): 1315-1322
Hazkani-Covo, E.; Graur, D. 2005: Evolutionary conservation of bacterial operons: does transcriptional connectivity matter?. Genetica 124(2-3): 145-166
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Liao, B.-Y.; Zhang, J. 2006: Evolutionary conservation of expression profiles between human and mouse orthologous genes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23(3): 530-540
Lorkovic, Z.J.; Lehner, R.; Forstner, C.; Barta, A. 2005: Evolutionary conservation of minor U12-type spliceosome between plants and humans. Rna 11(7): 1095-1107
Lipsius, E.; Walter, K.; Leicher, T.; Phlippen, W.; Bisotti, M.-A.; Kruppa, J. 2005: Evolutionary conservation of nuclear and nucleolar targeting sequences in yeast ribosomal protein S6A. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 333(4): 1353-1360
Burmeister, S.S.; Fernald, R.D. 2005: Evolutionary conservation of the egr-1 immediate-early gene response in a teleost. Journal of Comparative Neurology 481(2): 220-232
Azzouz, T.N.; Schumperli, D. 2003: Evolutionary conservation of the U7 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein in Drosophila melanogaster. Rna 9(12): 1532-1541
Schiöth, H.B.; Haitina, T.; Ling, M.K.; Ringholm, A.; Fredriksson, R.; Cerdá-Reverter, J.é M.; Klovins, J. 2005: Evolutionary conservation of the structural, pharmacological, and genomic characteristics of the melanocortin receptor subtypes. Peptides 26(10): 1886-1900
Pinevich, A.; Rudenko, I Ya; L'vova, O.; Klimovich, V. 2005: Evolutionary conservative and species-specific antigenic determinants of mammalian thyroglobulins. Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology 41(5): 518-526
Katoh, Y.; Iida, K.; Kang, M-Il.; Kobayashi, A.; Mizukami, M.; Tong, K.I.; McMahon, M.; Hayes, J.D.; Itoh, K.; Yamamoto, M. 2005: Evolutionary conserved N-terminal domain of Nrf2 is essential for the Keap1-mediated degradation of the protein by proteasome. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 433(2): 342-350
Ruiz-Herrera, A.; García, F.; Mora, L.; Egozcue, J.; Ponsà, M.; Garcia, M. 2005: Evolutionary conserved chromosomal segments in the human karyotype are bounded by unstable chromosome bands. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 108(1-3): 161-174
Zecchin, E.; Mavropoulos, A.; Devos, N.; Filippi, A.; Tiso, N.; Meyer, D.; Peers, B.; Bortolussi, M.; Argenton, F. 2004: Evolutionary conserved role of ptf1a in the specification of exocrine pancreatic fates. Developmental Biology 268(1): 174-184
Steigenga, M., J.; Helmerhorst, F., M.; De-Koning, J.; Tijssen, A., M.I.; Ruinard, S., A.T.; Galis, F. 2006: Evolutionary conserved structures as indicators of medical risks: increased incidence of cervical ribs after ovarian hyperstimulation in mice. Animal Biology 56(1): 63-68
Kannan, N.; Neuwald, A.F. 2004: Evolutionary constraints associated with functional specificity of the CMGC protein kinases MAPK, CDK, GSK, SRPK, DYRK, and CK2alpha. Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 13(8): 2059-2077
Keightley, P.D.; Kryukov, G.V.; Sunyaev, S.; Halligan, D.L.; Gaffney, D.J. 2005: Evolutionary constraints in conserved nongenic sequences of mammals. Genome Research 15(10): 1373-1378
Das, S.; Paul, S.; Dutta, C. 2006: Evolutionary constraints on codon and amino acid usage in two strains of human pathogenic actinobacteria Tropheryma whipplei. Journal of Molecular Evolution 62(5): 645-658
Warringer, J.; Blomberg, A. 2006: Evolutionary constraints on yeast protein size. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 6: 61
Johns, G.C.; Somero, G.N. 2004: Evolutionary convergence in adaptation of proteins to temperature: A4-lactate dehydrogenases of Pacific damselfishes (Chromis spp.). Molecular Biology and Evolution 21(2): 314-320
Copley, R.R. 2004: Evolutionary convergence of alternative splicing in ion channels. Trends in Genetics: Tig 20(4): 171-176
Diogo, R. 2005: Evolutionary convergences and parallelisms: their theoretical differences and the difficulty of discriminating them in a practical phylogenetic context. Biology and Philosophy 20(4): 735-744
Wuchty, S.; Almaas, E. 2005: Evolutionary cores of domain co-occurrence networks. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 5: 24
Elstrott, J.; Irschick, D.J. 2004: Evolutionary correlations among morphology, habitat use and clinging performance in Caribbean Anolis lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 83(3): 389-398
Marcelino, A.Marie.C.; Smock, R.G.; Gierasch, L.M. 2006: Evolutionary coupling of structural and functional sequence information in the intracellular lipid-binding protein family. Proteins 63(2): 373-384
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Hernandez Blasi, C.; Bjorklund, D.F. 2003: Evolutionary developmental psychology: A new tool for better understanding human ontogeny. Human Development 46(5): 259-281
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Rosenberg, M.S. 2005: Evolutionary distance estimation and fidelity of pair wise sequence alignment. Bmc Bioinformatics 6: 102
Parham, J.F.; Stuart, B.L.; Bour, R.; Fritz, U. 2004: Evolutionary distinctiveness of the extinct Yunnan box turtle (Cuora yunnanensis) revealed by DNA from an old museum specimen. PROCEEDINGS. Biological Sciences 271(Suppl 6): S391-S394
Bass, A., L.; Dewar, H.; Thys, T.; Streelman, J.T.; Karl, S., A. 2005: Evolutionary divergence among lineages of the ocean sunfish family, Molidae (Tetraodontiformes). Marine Biology (Berlin) 148(2): 405-414
Sliwinski, M.K.; White, M.A.; Maizel, A.; Weigel, D.; Baum, D.A. 2006: Evolutionary divergence of LFY function in the mustards Arabidopsis thaliana and Leavenworthia crassa. Plant Molecular Biology 62(1-2): 279-289
Xing, Y.; Wang, Q.; Lee, C. 2006: Evolutionary divergence of exon flanks: a dissection of mutability and selection. Genetics 173(3): 1787-1791
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Knudsen, B.; Farid, N.R. 2004: Evolutionary divergence of thyrotropin receptor structure. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 81(4): 322-334
Ricklefs, R.E. 2006: Evolutionary diversification and the origin of the diversity-environment relationship. Ecology 87(7 Suppl): S3-13
Ponger, L.ïc.; Li, W.-H. 2005: Evolutionary diversification of DNA methyltransferases in eukaryotic genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22(4): 1119-1128
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Gentles, A.J.; Kohany, O.; Jurka, J. 2005: Evolutionary diversity and potential recombinogenic role of integration targets of Non-LTR retrotransposons. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22(10): 1983-1991
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Graf, J.A.; Gusset, M.; Reid, C.; Van-Rensburg, S.J.; Slotow, R.; Somers, M.J. 2006: Evolutionary ecology meets wildlife management: artificial group augmentation in the re-introduction of endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Animal Conservation 9(4): 398-403
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Brohede, J.; Rand, K.N. 2006: Evolutionary evidence suggests that CpG island-associated Alus are frequently unmethylated in human germline. Human Genetics 119(4): 457-458
Hamilton, A.T.; Huntley, S.; Tran-Gyamfi, M.; Baggott, D.M.; Gordon, L.; Stubbs, L. 2006: Evolutionary expansion and divergence in the ZNF91 subfamily of primate-specific zinc finger genes. Genome Research 16(5): 584-594
Harini, B.P.; Ramachandra, N.B. 2003: Evolutionary experimentation through hybridization under laboratory condition in Drosophila: evidence for recombinational speciation. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 3: 20
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Rawlings, N.D.; Tolle, D.P.; Barrett, A.J. 2004: Evolutionary families of peptidase inhibitors. Biochemical Journal 378(Part 3): 705-716
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Mansury, Y.; Diggory, M.; Deisboeck, T.S. 2006: Evolutionary game theory in an agent-based brain tumor model: exploring the 'Genotype-Phenotype' link. Journal of Theoretical Biology 238(1): 146-156
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Robinson, D.A.; Monk, A.B.; Cooper, J.E.; Feil, E.J.; Enright, M.C. 2005: Evolutionary genetics of the accessory gene regulator (agr) locus in Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Bacteriology 187(24): 8312-8321
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Burmester, T. 2004: Evolutionary history and diversity of arthropod hemocyanins. Micron 35(1-2): 121-122
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Zhang, Z.; Inomata, N.; Yamazaki, T.; Kishino, H. 2003: Evolutionary history and mode of the amylase multigene family in Drosophila. Journal of Molecular Evolution 57(6): 702-709
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Bello, G.; Guimarães, M.L.; Morgado, M.G. 2006: Evolutionary history of HIV-1 subtype B and F infections in Brazil. Aids 20(5): 763-768
Ahrens, M.E.; Shoemaker, D. 2005: Evolutionary history of Wolbachia infections in the fire ant Solenopsis invicta. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 5: 35
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Pidancier, N.; Jordan, S.; Luikart, G.; Taberlet, P. 2006: Evolutionary history of the genus Capra (Mammalia, Artiodactyla): discordance between mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosome phylogenies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40(3): 739-749
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Brändli, L.; Handley, L.-J.L.; Vogel, P.; Perrin, N. 2005: Evolutionary history of the greater white-toothed shrew (Crocidura russula) inferred from analysis of mtDNA, Y, and X chromosome markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37(3): 832-844
Takemura, M. 2005: Evolutionary history of the retinoblastoma gene from archaea to eukarya. Bio Systems 82(3): 266-272
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Pavlova, A.; Zink, R.M.; Rohwer, S. 2005: Evolutionary history, population genetics, and gene flow in the common rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36(3): 669-681
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Jenke-Kodama, H.; Sandmann, A.; Müller, R.; Dittmann, E. 2005: Evolutionary implications of bacterial polyketide synthases. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22(10): 2027-2039
Bernardo, J.; Agosta, S.J. 2005: Evolutionary implications of hierarchical impacts of nonlethal injury on reproduction, including maternal effects. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86(3): 309-331
Szuma, E. 2004: Evolutionary implications of morphological variation in the lower carnassial of red fox Vulpes vulpes. Acta Theriologica 49(4): 433-447
Mudge, J.M.; Jackson, M.S. 2005: Evolutionary implications of pericentromeric gene expression in humans. Cytogenetic and Genome Research 108(1-3): 47-57
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Woolley, S.C.; Sakata, J.T.; Crews, D. 2004: Evolutionary insights into the regulation of courtship behavior in male amphibians and reptiles. Physiology and Behavior 83(2): 347-360
Toms, A.V.; Kinsland, C.; McCloskey, D.E.; Pegg, A.E.; Ealick, S.E. 2004: Evolutionary links as revealed by the structure of Thermotoga maritima S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(32): 33837-33846
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Ford, P.J.; Avison, M.B. 2004: Evolutionary mapping of the SHV beta-lactamase and evidence for two separate IS26-dependent blaSHV mobilization events from the Klebsiella pneumoniae chromosome. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 54(1): 69-75
Christeller, J.T. 2005: Evolutionary mechanisms acting on proteinase inhibitor variability. Febs Journal 272(22): 5710-5722
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Wan-Ming-Liang; Feng-Wei-Song; Miao-Wei; Wong-Ming-Hong 2005: Evolutionary mode of metallothioneins inferred from Cd-MT genes of Tetrahymena. Wuhan University Journal of Natural Sciences 10(5): 925-930
Rivas, E. 2005: Evolutionary models for insertions and deletions in a probabilistic modeling framework. Bmc Bioinformatics 6: 63
Robinson, D.Ashley.; Enright, M.C. 2003: Evolutionary models of the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 47(12): 3926-3934
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Smith, C.Upham. 2005: Evolutionary neurobiology and aesthetics. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48(1): 17-30
Reser, J.Edward. 2006: Evolutionary neuropathology and Down syndrome: an analysis of the etiological and phenotypical characteristics of Down syndrome suggests that it may represent an adaptive response to severe maternal deprivation. Medical Hypotheses 67(3): 474-481
Cerveri, P.; Pedotti, A.; Ferrigno, G. 2004: Evolutionary optimization for robust hierarchical computation of the rotation centres of kinematic chains from reduced ranges of motion the lower spine case. Journal of Biomechanics 37(12): 1881-1890
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Reineke, A.; Asgari, S.; Schmidt, O. 2006: Evolutionary origin of Venturia canescens virus-like particles. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 61(3): 123-133
Ahlert, D.; Piepenburg, K.; Kudla, J.ör.; Bock, R. 2006: Evolutionary origin of a plant mitochondrial group Ii intron from a reverse transcriptase/maturase-encoding ancestor. Journal of Plant Research 119(4): 363-371
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Paulin, Michael- 2005: Evolutionary origins and principles of distributed neural computation for state estimation and movement control in vertebrates. Complexity 10(3): 56-65
Stechmann, A.; Cavalier-Smith, T. 2004: Evolutionary origins of Hsp90 chaperones and a deep paralogy in their bacterial ancestors. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 51(3): 364-373
Shi, S.; Stanley, P. 2006: Evolutionary origins of Notch signaling in early development. Cell Cycle 5(3): 274-278
Nettle, D. 2004: Evolutionary origins of depression: a review and reformulation. Journal of Affective Disorders 81(2): 91-102
Brett, C.L.; Donowitz, M.; Rao, R. 2005: Evolutionary origins of eukaryotic sodium/proton exchangers. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 288(2): C223-C239
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Schlosser, G. 2005: Evolutionary origins of vertebrate placodes: insights from developmental studies and from comparisons with other deuterostomes. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 304(4): 347-399
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Ellison, P.T. 2005: Evolutionary perspectives on the fetal origins hypothesis. American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council 17(1): 113-118
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Mustonen, V.; Lässig, M. 2005: Evolutionary population genetics of promoters: predicting binding sites and functional phylogenies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(44): 15936-15941
Etterson, J.R. 2004: Evolutionary potential of Chamaecrista fasciculata in relation to climate change. II. Genetic architecture of three populations reciprocally planted along an environmental gradient in the great plains. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 58(7): 1459-1471
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Makeyev, E.V.; Bamford, D.H. 2004: Evolutionary potential of an RNA virus. Journal of Virology 78(4): 2114-2120
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Yoshida, K. 2005: Evolutionary process of stress response systems controlled by abscisic acid in photosynthetic organisms. Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 125(12): 927-936
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Bittkau, C.; Comes, H.P. 2005: Evolutionary processes in a continental island system: molecular phylogeography of the Aegean Nigella arvensis alliance (Ranunculaceae) inferred from chloroplast DNA. Molecular Ecology 14(13): 4065-4083
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Kumon, T.; Katayama, K.; Narihisa, H. 2003: Evolutionary programming using exponential mutation. Bulletin of the Okayama University of Science A Natural Science (39A): 87-95
Wunderlich, M.; Martin, A.; Staab, C.A.; Schmid, F.X. 2005: Evolutionary protein stabilization in comparison with computational design. Journal of Molecular Biology 351(5): 1160-1168
Toates, F. 2005: Evolutionary psychology - towards a more integrative model. Biology and Philosophy 20(2-3): 305-328
Levy, N. 2004: Evolutionary psychology, human universals, and the standard social science model. Biology and Philosophy 19(3): 459-472
Kaushik, S.; Nanjundiah, V. 2003: Evolutionary questions raised by cellular slime mould development. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B Biological Sciences ober; 69(5): 825-852
Ellis, A., G.; Weis, A., E.; Gaut, B., S. 2006: Evolutionary radiation of stone plants in the genus Argyroderma (Aizoaceae): Unraveling the effects of landscape, habitat, and flowering. Evolution 60(1): 39-55
Fraser, H.B.; Hirsh, A.E. 2004: Evolutionary rate depends on number of protein-protein interactions independently of gene expression level. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 4: 13
Agarwal, S.M. 2005: Evolutionary rate variation in eukaryotic lineage specific human intronless proteins. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 337(4): 1192-1197
Lavin, M.; Herendeen, P.S.; Wojciechowski, M.F. 2005: Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the tertiary. Systematic Biology 54(4): 575-594
Popescu, C.E.; Borza, T.; Bielawski, J.P.; Lee, R.W. 2006: Evolutionary rates and expression level in Chlamydomonas. Genetics 172(3): 1567-1576
Mueller, R.Lockridge. 2006: Evolutionary rates, divergence dates, and the performance of mitochondrial genes in Bayesian phylogenetic analysis. Systematic Biology 55(2): 289-300
Katoh, M.; Katoh, M. 2004: Evolutionary recombination hotspot around GSDML-GSDM locus is closely linked to the oncogenomic recombination hotspot around the PPP1R1B-ERBB2-GRB7 amplicon. International Journal of Oncology 24(4): 757-763
Brodsky, L.I.; Jacob-Hirsch, J.; Avivi, A.; Trakhtenbrot, L.; Zeligson, S.; Amariglio, N.; Paz, A.; Korol, A.B.; Band, M.; Rechavi, G.; Nevo, E. 2005: Evolutionary regulation of the blind subterranean mole rat, Spalax, revealed by genome-wide gene expression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(47): 17047-17052
Oslancová, A.; Janecek, S. 2004: Evolutionary relatedness between glycolytic enzymes most frequently occurring in genomes. Folia Microbiologica 49(3): 247-258
Schulze, J.ör.O.; Schubert, W.-D.; Moser, J.ür.; Jahn, D.; Heinz, D.W. 2006: Evolutionary relationship between initial enzymes of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis. Journal of Molecular Biology 358(5): 1212-1220
Tanabe, Y.; Watanabe, M.M.; Sugiyama, J. 2005: Evolutionary relationships among basal fungi (Chytridiomycota and Zygomycota): Insights from molecular phylogenetics. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 51(5): 267-276
Begerow, D.; John, B.; Oberwinkler, F. 2004: Evolutionary relationships among beta-tubulin gene sequences of basidiomycetous fungi. Mycological Research 108(Pt 11): 1257-1263
Codoñer, F.M.; Elena, S.F. 2006: Evolutionary relationships among members of the Bromoviridae deduced from whole proteome analysis. Archives of Virology 151(2): 299-307
Nguyen, H-Vang.; Gaillardin, C. 2005: Evolutionary relationships between the former species Saccharomyces uvarum and the hybrids Saccharomyces bayanus and Saccharomyces pastorianus; reinstatement of Saccharomyces uvarum (Beijerinck) as a distinct species. Fems Yeast Research 5(4-5): 471-483
Anderberg, A., A.; Eldenas, P.; Bayer, R., J.; Englund, M. 2005: Evolutionary relationships in the Asteraceae tribe Inuleae (incl. Plucheeae) evidenced by DNA sequences of ndhF; with notes on the systematic positions of some aberrant genera. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 5(2): 135-146
Koblmüller, S.; Salzburger, W.; Sturmbauer, C. 2004: Evolutionary relationships in the sand-dwelling cichlid lineage of lake tanganyika suggest multiple colonization of rocky habitats and convergent origin of biparental mouthbrooding. Journal of Molecular Evolution 58(1): 79-96
Brown, J.R.; Koretke, K.K.; Birkeland, M.L.; Sanseau, P.; Patrick, D.R. 2004: Evolutionary relationships of Aurora kinases: implications for model organism studies and the development of anti-cancer drugs. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 4: 39
Mira, A.; Pushker, R.; Legault, B.A.; Moreira, D.; Rodríguez-Valera, F. 2004: Evolutionary relationships of Fusobacterium nucleatum based on phylogenetic analysis and comparative genomics. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 4: 50
Sawai, H.; Kawamoto, Y.; Takahata, N.; Satta, Y. 2004: Evolutionary relationships of major histocompatibility complex class i genes in simian primates. Genetics 166(4): 1897-1907
Conte, C.; Ebeling, M.; Marcuz, A.; Nef, P.; Andres-Barquin, P.J. 2003: Evolutionary relationships of the Tas2r receptor gene families in mouse and human. Physiological Genomics 14(1): 73-82
Hansen, K.; Lobuglio, K.F.; Pfister, D.H. 2005: Evolutionary relationships of the cup-fungus genus Peziza and Pezizaceae inferred from multiple nuclear genes: RPB2, beta-tubulin, and LSU rDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36(1): 1-23
Venäläinen, J.I.; Juvonen, R.O.; Männistö, P.T. 2004: Evolutionary relationships of the prolyl oligopeptidase family enzymes. European Journal of Biochemistry 271(13): 2705-2715
Desnitskiĭ, A.G. 2005: Evolutionary reorganizations of ontogenesis in sea urchins. Ontogenez 36(3): 182-189
Sanders, R.W.; Busser, E.; Moore, J.P.; Lu, M.; Berkhout, B. 2004: Evolutionary repair of HIV type 1 gp41 with a kink in the N-terminal helix leads to restoration of the six-helix bundle structure. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 20(7): 742-749
Williams, K. 2004: Evolutionary resealing of a split RNA: Reversal of gene permutation. Rna 10(4): 555-557
Charmantier, A.; Perrins, C.; McCleery, R.H.; Sheldon, B.C. 2006: Evolutionary response to selection on clutch size in a long-term study of the mute swan. American Naturalist 167(3): 453-465
Davis, M.B.; Shaw, R.G.; Etterson, J.R. 2005: Evolutionary responses to changing climate. Ecology 86(7): 1704-1714
Harvey, I.; Di Paolo, E.; Wood, R.; Quinn, M.; Tuci, E. 2005: Evolutionary robotics: a new scientific tool for studying cognition. Artificial Life 11(1-2): 79-98
Heineman, R.H.; Molineux, I.J.; Bull, J.J. 2005: Evolutionary robustness of an optimal phenotype: re-evolution of lysis in a bacteriophage deleted for its lysin gene. Journal of Molecular Evolution 61(2): 181-191
Akatov, V.V.; Chefranov, S.G.; Akatova, T.V. 2003: Evolutionary saturation of species pool in present high mountain plant communities of Western Caucasus. Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii 64(4): 308-317
Kurosaki, T.; Ninokata, A.; Wang, L.; Ueda, S. 2006: Evolutionary scenario for acquisition of CAG repeats in human SCA1 gene. Gene 373: 23-27
Blair, J.E.; Shah, P.; Hedges, S.Blair. 2005: Evolutionary sequence analysis of complete eukaryote genomes. Bmc Bioinformatics 6: 53
Stegniĭ, V.N. 2006: Evolutionary significance of chromosome architecture for epigenetic control of eukaryote development and phylogeny. Genetika 42(9): 1215-1224
Jordan, I.K.; Mariño-Ramírez, L.; Koonin, E.V. 2005: Evolutionary significance of gene expression divergence. Gene 345(1): 119-126
Grosjean, S.; Vences, M.; Dubois, A. 2004: Evolutionary significance of oral morphology in the carnivorous tadpoles of tiger frogs, genus Hoplobatrachus (Ranidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81(2): 171-181
Tenaillon, O.; Denamur, E.; Matic, I. 2004: Evolutionary significance of stress-induced mutagenesis in bacteria. Trends in Microbiology 12(6): 264-270
Dupanloup, I.; Kaessmann, H. 2006: Evolutionary simulations to detect functional lineage-specific genes. Bioinformatics 22(15): 1815-1822
Neill, D.B. 2004: Evolutionary stability for large populations. Journal of Theoretical Biology 227(3): 397-401
Il'ichev, V.G. 2005: Evolutionary stability in the dynamics of populations having short reproduction periods. Biofizika 50(3): 567-575
Doxiadis, G.G.M.; Otting, N.; de Groot, N.G.; de Groot, N.; Rouweler, A.J.M.; Noort, R.; Verschoor, E.J.; Bontjer, I.; Bontrop, R.E. 2003: Evolutionary stability of MHC class II haplotypes in diverse rhesus macaque populations. Immunogenetics 55(8): 540-551
Handley, L-Jayne.Lawson.; Ceplitis, H.; Ellegren, H. 2004: Evolutionary strata on the chicken Z chromosome: implications for sex chromosome evolution. Genetics 167(1): 367-376
Redondo, R.A.F.; Santos, Fício.R. 2006: Evolutionary studies on an alpha-amylase gene segment in bats and other mammals. Genetica 126(1-2): 199-213
Alfonso, V.; Flichman, D.Martín.; Sookoian, S.; Mbayed, V.Andrea.; Campos, R.Héctor. 2004: Evolutionary study of HVR1 of E2 in chronic hepatitis C virus infection. Journal of General Virology 85(Pt 1): 39-46
Parvinen, K. 2005: Evolutionary suicide. Acta Biotheoretica 53(3): 241-264
Geodakian, V.A. 2005: Evolutionary theories of asymmetrization of organisms, brain and body. Uspekhi Fiziologicheskikh Nauk 36(1): 24-53
Kitcher, P. 2004: Evolutionary theory and the social uses of biology. Biology and Philosophy uary; ): 1-15
Sadler, T.D. 2005: Evolutionary theory as a guide to socioscientific decision-making. Journal of Biological Education 39(2): 68-72
Sarkar, S. 2004: Evolutionary theory in the 1920s: The Nature of the Synthesis. Philosophy of Science 71(5): 1215-1226
Stein, D.J. 2006: Evolutionary theory, psychiatry, and psychopharmacology. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 30(5): 766-773
Blank, C.E. 2004: Evolutionary timing of the origins of mesophilic sulphate reduction and oxygenic photosynthesis: a phylogenomic dating approach. Geobiology 2(1): 1-20
Jordan, I.King. 2006: Evolutionary tinkering with transposable elements. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(21): 7941-7942
Song, Y.; Qi, Y.; Zhang, W.; Sheng, C.; Zhang, M.; Yao, J.; Yu, J.; Miao, Z.; Zhou, Y.; Zhu, J.; Lü, J. 2005: Evolutionary trace analysis of eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I superfamily: identification of novel antitumor drug binding site. Science in China. Series C Life Sciences 48(4): 375-384
Shackelford, G.S.; Regni, C.A.; Beamer, L.J. 2004: Evolutionary trace analysis of the alpha-D-phosphohexomutase superfamily. Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 13(8): 2130-2138
Madabushi, S.; Gross, A.K.; Philippi, A.; Meng, E.C.; Wensel, T.G.; Lichtarge, O. 2004: Evolutionary trace of G protein-coupled receptors reveals clusters of residues that determine global and class-specific functions. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(9): 8126-8132
Mihalek, I.; Res, I.; Lichtarge, O. 2006: Evolutionary trace report_maker: a new type of service for comparative analysis of proteins. Bioinformatics 22(13): 1656-1657
Chakravarty, S.; Hutson, A.M.; Estes, M.K.; Prasad, B.V.V. 2005: Evolutionary trace residues in noroviruses: importance in receptor binding, antigenicity, virion assembly, and strain diversity. Journal of Virology 79(1): 554-568
Hadany, L.; Feldman, M.W. 2005: Evolutionary traction: the cost of adaptation and the evolution of sex. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18(2): 309-314
Jones, L.E.; Ellner, S.P. 2004: Evolutionary tradeoff and equilibrium in an aquatic predator-prey system. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 66(6): 1547-1573
Choi, C.; Liu, Z.; Adams, K.L. 2006: Evolutionary transfers of mitochondrial genes to the nucleus in the Populus lineage and coexpression of nuclear and mitochondrial Sdh4 genes. New Phytologist 172(3): 429-439
Huber, B.A. 2004: Evolutionary transformation from muscular to hydraulic movements in spider (Arachnida, Araneae) genitalia: a study based on histological serial sections. Journal of Morphology 261(3): 364-376
Mess, A.; Carter, A.M. 2006: Evolutionary transformations of fetal membrane characters in Eutheria with special reference to Afrotheria. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 306(2): 140-163
Verdaguer, D.; Ojeda, F. 2005: Evolutionary transition from resprouter to seeder life history in two Erica (Ericaceae) species: insights from seedling axillary buds. Annals of Botany 95(4): 593-599
García-Arriaza, J.; Manrubia, S.C.; Toja, M.; Domingo, E.; Escarmís, C. 2004: Evolutionary transition toward defective RNAs that are infectious by complementation. Journal of Virology 78(21): 11678-11685
Yagishita, N.; Nakabo, T. 2003: Evolutionary trend in feeding habits of Girella (Perciformes: Girellidae). Ichthyological Research 50(4): 358-366
Bhandari, A. 2004: Evolutionary trends and biostratigraphic significance of the ostracode genus Stigmatocythere in the Cenozoic succession of India. Paleontological Research 8(3): 181-197
Bonato, L.; Foddai, D.; Minelli, A. 2003: Evolutionary trends and patterns in centipede segment number based on a cladistic analysis of Mecistocephalidae (Chilopoda: Geophilomorpha). Systematic Entomology 28(4): 539-579
Milsom, W.K.; Abe, A.S.; Andrade, D.V.; Tattersall, G.J. 2004: Evolutionary trends in airway CO2/H+ chemoreception. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology 144(2-3): 191-202
Crandall-Stotler, B., J.; Forrest, L., L.; Stotler, R., E. 2005: Evolutionary trends in the simple thalloid liverworts (Marchantiophyta, Jungermanniopsida subclass Metzgeriidae). Taxon 54(2): 299-316
Abe, H. 2004: Evolutionary trends of external-morphology in the marine mite genus Rhombognathides (Acari: Halacaridae: Rhombognathinae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 242(4): 293-298
Frith, M.C.; Ponjavic, J.; Fredman, D.; Kai, C.; Kawai, J.; Carninci, P.; Hayashizaki, Y.; Hayshizaki, Y.; Sandelin, A. 2006: Evolutionary turnover of mammalian transcription start sites. Genome Research 16(6): 713-722
Kuhn, G.C.S.; Sene, F.M. 2005: Evolutionary turnover of two pBuM satellite DNA subfamilies in the Drosophila buzzatii species cluster (repleta group): from alpha to alpha/beta arrays. Gene 349: 77-85
Guerrero, G.; Peralta, H.; Aguilar, A.; Díaz, R.; Villalobos, M.A.; Medrano-Soto, A.; Mora, J. 2005: Evolutionary, structural and functional relationships revealed by comparative analysis of syntenic genes in Rhizobiales. Bmc Evolutionary Biology 5: 55
Tzeng, J-Ying. 2005: Evolutionary-based grouping of haplotypes in association analysis. Genetic Epidemiology 28(3): 220-231
Hansen, K.R.; Ibarra, P.T.; Thon, G.èv. 2006: Evolutionary-conserved telomere-linked helicase genes of fission yeast are repressed by silencing factors, RNAi components and the telomere-binding protein Taz1. Nucleic Acids Research 34(1): 78-88
Meschy, F.; Ramirez-Perez, A.H. 2005: Evolutions recentes des recommandations d'apport en phosphore pour les ruminants. Productions Animales 18(3): 175-182
Dezutter-Dambuyant, C.; Black, A.; Bechetoille, N.; Bouez, C.; Maréchal, S.; Auxenfans, Céline.; Cenizo, Vérie.; Pascal, P.; Perrier, E.; Damour, O. 2006: Evolutive skin reconstructions: from the dermal collagen-glycosaminoglycan-chitosane substrate to an immunocompetent reconstructed skin. Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering 16(4 Suppl): S85-S94
Cavallini, F.; Iotti, M.; Simonini, R. 2004: Evoluzione dei popolamenti macrozoobentonici dell'Adriatico Settentrionale. I. Analisi dei dati storici di Aristode Vatova (1934-1936). Atti della Societa dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena 135: 145-154
Oliva, G.; Manzillo, V.F.; Pagano, A. 2004: Evoluzione dei protocolli terapeutici in corso di leishmaniosi canina. Parassitologia 46(1-2): 231-234
Burruano, S.; Lo-Piccolo, S.; Alfonzo, A.; Torta, L. 2004: Evoluzione di Acremonium sp., endofita in tessuti fogliari di Vitis vinifera, durante la patogenesi di Plasmopara viticola. Micologia Italiana 33(2): 42-45, 68-69
Earl, D.J.; Deem, M.W. 2004: Evolvability is a selectable trait. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(32): 11531-11536
Félix, M.-A.; Barrière, A. 2005: Evolvability of cell specification mechanisms. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B Molecular and Developmental Evolution 304(6): 536-547
Iwazaki, T.; Li, X.; Harada, K. 2005: Evolvability of the mode of peptide binding by an RNA. Rna 11(9): 1364-1373
Altenberg, L. 2005: Evolvability suppression to stabilize far-sighted adaptations. Artificial Life 11(4): 427-443
Love, A.C. 2003: Evolvability, dispositions, and intrinsicality. Philosophy of Science 70(5): 1015-1027
Van den Bos, R.; de Ridder, D. 2006: Evolved to satisfy our immediate needs: self-control and the rewarding properties of food. Appetite 47(1): 24-29
Chakravarthy, U.; Soubrane, G.; Bandello, F.; Chong, V.; Creuzot-Garcher, C.; Dimitrakos, S.A.; Korobelnik, J.-F.; Larsen, M.; Monés, J.; Pauleikhoff, D.; Pournaras, C.J.; Staurenghi, G.; Virgili, G.; Wolf, S. 2006: Evolving European guidance on the medical management of neovascular age related macular degeneration. British Journal of Ophthalmology 90(9): 1188-1196
Adewole, I.F.; Benedet, J.L.; Crain, B.T.; Follen, M. 2005: Evolving a strategic approach to cervical cancer control in Africa. Gynecologic Oncology 99(3 Suppl 1: S209-S212
Lucas, C. 2005: Evolving an integral ecology of mind. Cortex; A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior 41(5): 709
Bentley, P.J. 2004: Evolving beyond perfection: an investigation of the effects of long-term evolution on fractal gene regulatory networks. Bio Systems 76(1-3): 291-301
Jerums, G.; Panagiotopoulos, S.; Forbes, J.; Osicka, T.; Cooper, M. 2003: Evolving concepts in advanced glycation, diabetic nephropathy, and diabetic vascular disease. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 419(1): 55-62
Woolf, A.S.; Price, K.L.; Scambler, P.J.; Winyard, P.J.D. 2004: Evolving concepts in human renal dysplasia. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 15(4): 998-1007
Baccarani, M.; Saglio, G.; Goldman, J.; Hochhaus, A.; Simonsson, B.; Appelbaum, F.; Apperley, J.; Cervantes, F.; Cortes, J.; Deininger, M.; Gratwohl, A.; Guilhot, Fçois.; Horowitz, M.; Hughes, T.; Kantarjian, H.; Larson, R.; Niederwieser, D.; Silver, R.; Hehlmann, R. 2006: Evolving concepts in the management of chronic myeloid leukemia: recommendations from an expert panel on behalf of the European LeukemiaNet. Blood 108(6): 1809-1820
Kurtz, I.; Nguyen, M.K. 2005: Evolving concepts in the quantitative analysis of the determinants of the plasma water sodium concentration and the pathophysiology and treatment of the dysnatremias. Kidney International 68(5): 1982-1993
Nutescu, E.A.; Helgason, C.M. 2004: Evolving concepts in the treatment of venous thromboembolism: the role of factor Xa inhibitors. PharmacoTherapy 24(7 Pt 2): 82s-87s
Gotto, A.M. 2005: Evolving concepts of dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease: the Louis F. Bishop Lecture. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 46(7): 1219-1224
Koeth, L.M.; Miller, L.A. 2005: Evolving concepts of pharmaceutical company-sponsored surveillance studies. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 41 Suppl. 4: S279-S282
Ramaesh, K.; Ramaesh, T.; Dutton, G.N.; Dhillon, B. 2005: Evolving concepts on the pathogenic mechanisms of aniridia related keratopathy. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology 37(3): 547-557
Meeren, H.; van Luijtelaar, G.; Lopes da Silva, F.; Coenen, A. 2005: Evolving concepts on the pathophysiology of absence seizures: the cortical focus theory. Archives of Neurology 62(3): 371-376
Marshall, M.Roger.; Song, Q.; Ma, T.Min.; MacDonell, S.Gerard.; Kasabov, N.Kirilov. 2005: Evolving connectionist system versus algebraic formulas for prediction of renal function from serum creatinine. Kidney International 67(5): 1944-1954
Calderwood, S.K. 2005: Evolving connections between molecular chaperones and neuronal function. International Journal of Hyperthermia: the Official Journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology North American Hyperthermia Group 21(5): 375-378
Walker, J.; Garrett, S.; Wilson, M. 2003: Evolving controllers for real robots: A survey of the literature. Adaptive Behavior 11(3): 179-203
Qi, Y.; Henderson, M.; Xu, M.; Chen, J.; Shi, P.; He, C.; Skinner, G.W.lliam 2004: Evolving core-periphery interactions in a rapidly expanding urban landscape: The case of Beijing. Landscape Ecology 19(4): 375-388
Dunbar, V.G.; King, E.C.; George, C.D.; El-Kebbi, I.M.; Ziemer, D.C.; Gallina, D.L.; Cook, C.B. 2005: Evolving demographics and disparities in an urban diabetes clinic: implications for diabetes education and treatment. Ethnicity and Disease 15(2): 173-178
Dytham, C.; Travis, J.M. 2006: Evolving dispersal and age at death. Oikos e; 113(3): 530-538
Oltean, M. 2005: Evolving evolutionary algorithms using linear genetic programming. Evolutionary Computation 13(3): 387-410
Fernald, R.D. 2004: Evolving eyes. International Journal of Developmental Biology 48(8-9): 701-705
Dai, M.; Wang, P.; Boyd, A.D.; Kostov, G.; Athey, B.; Jones, E.G.; Bunney, W.E.; Myers, R.M.; Speed, T.P.; Akil, H.; Watson, S.J.; Meng, F. 2005: Evolving gene/transcript definitions significantly alter the interpretation of Gene Chip data. Nucleic Acids Research 33(20): e175
Aiello, L.P.; Brucker, A.J.; Chang, S.; Cunningham, E.T.; D'Amico, D.J.; Flynn, H.W.; Grillone, L.R.; Hutcherson, S.; Liebmann, J.M.; O'Brien, T.P.; Scott, I.U.; Spaide, R.F.; Ta, C.; Trese, M.T. 2004: Evolving guidelines for intravitreous injections. Retina 24(5 Suppl): S3-S19
Griffiths, T.R.L.; Mellon, J.K. 2004: Evolving immunotherapeutic strategies in bladder and renal cancer. Postgraduate Medical Journal 80(944): 320-327
Carroll, P.R.; Cooperberg, M.R. 2003: Evolving indications for active surveillance in low-risk localized prostate cancer. European Urology Suppls 2(9): 7-13
Sanchez, J.C.; Mareci, T.H.; Norman, W.M.; Principe, J.C.; Ditto, W.L.; Carney, P.R. 2006: Evolving into epilepsy: Multiscale electrophysiological analysis and imaging in an animal model. Experimental Neurology 198(1): 31-47
Furuuchi, R.; Imai, E-Ichi.; Honda, H.; Hatori, K.; Matsuno, K. 2005: Evolving lipid vesicles in prebiotic hydrothermal environments. Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere: the Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life 35(4): 333-343
Trost, M.; Su, P.C.; Barnes, A.; Su, S.L.; Yen, R.-F.; Tseng, H.-m.; Ma, Y.; Eidelberg, D. 2003: Evolving metabolic changes during the first postoperative year after subthalamotomy. Journal of Neurosurgery 99(5): 872-878
Vickerstaff, R.J.; Di Paolo, E.A. 2005: Evolving neural models of path integration. Journal of Experimental Biology 208(Part 17): 3349-3366
Kidwell, C.S.; Alger, J.R.; Saver, J.L. 2004: Evolving paradigms in neuroimaging of the ischemic penumbra. Stroke 35(11 Suppl 1: 2662-2665
Cohen, J.S.; Khatana, A.K.; Greff, L.J. 2004: Evolving paradigms in the medical treatment of glaucoma. International Ophthalmology 25(5-6): 253-265
Srinivasan, S.; Collman, G.W. 2005: Evolving partnerships in community. Environmental Health Perspectives 113(12): 1814-1816
Schellingerhout, R.; Smitsman, A., W.; Cox, R., F.A. 2005: Evolving patterns of haptic exploration in visually impaired infants. Infant Behavior and Development 28(3): 360-388
Montecino-Rodriguez, E.; Dorshkind, K. 2006: Evolving patterns of lymphopoiesis from embryogenesis through senescence. Immunity 24(6): 659-662
Kreek, M.Jeanne.; Schlussman, S.D.; Bart, G.; Laforge, K.Steven.; Butelman, E.R. 2004: Evolving perspectives on neurobiological research on the addictions: celebration of the 30th anniversary of NIDA. Neuropharmacology 47 Suppl. 1: 324-344
Shim, Y.-S.; Kim, C.-H. 2006: Evolving physically simulated flying creatures for efficient cruising. Artificial Life 12(4): 561-591
De Santo, L.S.; Amarelli, C.; Romano, G.; Della Corte, A.; Torella, M.; Mastroianni, C.; De Feo, M.; Utili, R.; Cotrufo, M. 2004: Evolving practice patterns in heart transplantation: a single-center experience over 15 years. Transplantation Proceedings 36(3): 627-630
Zhang, J.; Dean, A.M.; Brunet, F.éd.ér.; Long, M. 2004: Evolving protein functional diversity in new genes of Drosophila. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101(46): 16246-16250
Warbrick-Smith, J.; Behmer, S.T.; Lee, K.P.; Raubenheimer, D.; Simpson, S.J. 2006: Evolving resistance to obesity in an insect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(38): 14045-14049
Kleiman, N.S.; Patel, N.C.; Allen, K.B.; Simons, M.; Ylä-Herttuala, S.; Griffin, E.; Dzau, V.J. 2003: Evolving revascularization approaches for myocardial ischemia. American Journal of Cardiology 92(9b): 9N
Black, H.R. 2004: Evolving role of aldosterone blockers alone and in combination with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ii receptor blockers in hypertension management: a review of mechanistic and clinical data. American Heart Journal 147(4): 564-572
Kalus, J.S.; Moser, L.R. 2005: Evolving role of low-molecular-weight heparins in ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Annals of PharmacoTherapy 39(3): 481-491
Miano, T.A.; Crouch, M.A. 2006: Evolving role of vasopressin in the treatment of cardiac arrest. PharmacoTherapy 26(6): 828-839
Baker, L.; Lee, M.; Regnard, C.; Crack, L.; Callin, S. 2004: Evolving spinal analgesia practice in palliative care. Palliative Medicine 18(6): 507-515
Nguyen, D.; Singh, P.K. 2006: Evolving stealth: genetic adaptation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa during cystic fibrosis infections. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(22): 8305-8306
Baril, D.T.; Carroccio, A.; Ellozy, S.H.; Palchik, E.; Sachdev, U.; Jacobs, T.S.; Marin, M.L. 2006: Evolving strategies for the treatment of aortoenteric fistulas. Journal of Vascular Surgery 44(2): 250-257
Kallenbach, K.; Oelze, T.; Salcher, R.; Hagl, C.; Karck, M.; Leyh, R.G.; Haverich, A. 2004: Evolving strategies for treatment of acute aortic dissection type A. Circulation 110(11 Suppl. 1): Ii243-Ii249
Venuta, F.; Diso, D.; Anile, M.; Aratari, M.T.; Francioni, F.; Pugliese, F.; Rendina, E.A.; Coloni, G.F. 2005: Evolving techniques and perspectives in lung transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 37(6): 2682-2683
Stauffer, P.R. 2005: Evolving technology for thermal therapy of cancer. International Journal of Hyperthermia: the Official Journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology North American Hyperthermia Group 21(8): 731-744
Won, K.-Jae; Pruegel-Bennett, A.; Krogh, A. 2006: Evolving the structure of hidden Markov Models. IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation 10(1): 39-49
Tidball, J.G.; Wehling-Henricks, M. 2004: Evolving therapeutic strategies for Duchenne muscular dystrophy: targeting downstream events. Pediatric Research 56(6): 831-841
Gibson, J.; Ho, P.J.; Joshua, D. 2004: Evolving transplant options for multiple myeloma: autologous and nonmyeloablative allogenic. Transplantation Proceedings 36(8): 2501-2503
Campos, S.M. 2005: Evolving treatment approaches for early breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 89(Suppl 1): S1-S7
Meazza, C.; Ferrari, A.; Casanova, M.; Gandola, L.; Collini, P.; Massimino, M.; Luksch, R.; Spreafico, F.; Cefalo, G.; Polastri, D.; Terenziani, M.; Podda, M.; Cantù, G.; Scaramuzza, D.; Fossati-Bellani, F. 2005: Evolving treatment strategies for parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma: the experience of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan. Head and Neck 27(1): 49-57
Wilson, C.A.; Slamon, D.J. 2005: Evolving understanding of growth regulation in human breast cancer: interactions of the steroid and peptide growth regulatory pathways. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 97(17): 1238-1239
Martin, J. 2004: Evolving use of buprenorphine in the treatment of addiction. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs Suppl 2: 129-137
Ungerfeld, R.; Silva, L. 2004: Ewe effect: endocrine and testicular changes in experienced adult and inexperienced young Corriedale rams used for the ram effect. Animal Reproduction Science 80(3-4): 251-259
Griffiths, R.C.; Lessard, S. 2005: Ewens' sampling formula and related formulae: combinatorial proofs, extensions to variable population size and applications to ages of alleles. Theoretical Population Biology 68(3): 167-177
Cortes, C.D.masceno, J.; Jamot, J.P.ache, S. 2006: Ewes increase their intake when offered a choice of herbage species at pasture. Animal science: an international journal of fundamental and applied research 82(2): 183-191
Kim, G.E.; Beach, B.; Gastier-Foster, J.M.; Murata-Collins, J.L.; Rowland, J.M.; O'Donnell, R.J.; Goldsby, R.E. 2005: Ewing sarcoma as a second malignant neoplasm after acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatric Blood and Cancer 45(1): 57-59
Spunt, S.L.; Rodriguez-Galindo, C.; Fuller, C.E.; Harper, J.; Krasin, M.J.; Billups, C.A.; Khoury, J.D. 2006: Ewing sarcoma-family tumors that arise after treatment of primary childhood cancer. Cancer 107(1): 201-206
Gardner, L.J.; Ayala, A.G.; Monforte, H.L.; Dunphy, C.H. 2004: Ewing sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor: adult abdominal tumors with an Ewing sarcoma gene rearrangement demonstrated by fluorescence in situ hybridization in paraffin sections. Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology: Aimm 12(2): 160-165
Zogopoulos, G.; Teskey, L.; Sung, L.; Dix, D.; Grant, R.; Greenberg, M.L.; Weitzman, S. 2004: Ewing sarcoma: favourable results with combined modality therapy and conservative use of radiotherapy. Pediatric Blood and Cancer 43(1): 35-39
Donaldson, S.S. 2004: Ewing sarcoma: radiation dose and target volume. Pediatric Blood and Cancer 42(5): 471-476
Marec-Bérard, P.; Philip, T. 2004: Ewing sarcoma: the pediatrician's point of view. Pediatric Blood and Cancer 42(5): 477-480
Höglund, M.; Gisselsson, D.; Mandahl, N.; Mitelman, F. 2005: Ewing tumours and synovial sarcomas have critical features of karyotype evolution in common with epithelial tumours. International Journal of Cancer 116(3): 401-406
Isefuku, S.; Seki, M.; Tajino, T.; Hakozaki, M.; Asano, S.; Hojo, H.; Hatori, M. 2006: Ewing's sarcoma in the spinal nerve root: a case report and review of the literature. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 209(4): 369-377
Mangham, D.C.; Williams, A.; McMullan, D.J.; McClure, J.; Sumathi, V.P.; Grimer, R.J.; Davies, A.M. 2006: Ewing's sarcoma of bone: the detection of specific transcripts in a large, consecutive series of formalin-fixed, decalcified, paraffin-embedded tissue samples using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Histopathology 48(4): 363-376
Kushen, M.; Gulbahce, H.Evin.; Lam, C.H. 2005: Ewing's sarcoma of the cavernous sinus: case report. Neurosurgery 56(6): E1375; discussion E1375
Marco, R.A.W.; Gentry, J.Brett.; Rhines, L.D.; Lewis, V.O.; Wolinski, J.P.; Jaffe, N.; Gokaslan, Z.L. 2005: Ewing's sarcoma of the mobile spine. Spine 30(7): 769-773
Davis, S.; Meltzer, P.S. 2006: Ewing's sarcoma: general insights from a rare model. Cancer Cell 9(5): 331-332
Quesada, J.L.; Alcalde, J.M.; Espinosa, J.M.; García-Tapia, R. 2003: Ewings' sarcoma of the mandible. Journal of Laryngology and Otology 117(9): 736-738
Bilar, M. 2003: Ewolucja wskazan do ciecia cesarskiego w latach 1991-2000 w materiale Kliniki Patologii Ciazy i Porodu IPG Pam w Szczecinie. Roczniki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie 49: 173-192
Valdes, T.I.; Klueh, U.; Kreutzer, D.; Moussy, F. 2003: Ex ova chick chorioallantoic membrane as a novel in vivo model for testing biosensors. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part a 67(1): 215-223
Klueh, U.; Dorsky, D.I.; Moussy, F.; Kreutzer, D.L. 2003: Ex ova chick chorioallantoic membrane as a novel model for evaluation of tissue responses to biomaterials and implants. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part a 67(3): 838-843
Shwiff, S.A.; Sterner, R.T.; Turman, J.W.; Foster, B.D. 2005: Ex post economic analysis of reproduction-monitoring and predator-removal variables associated with protection of the endangered California least tern. Ecological Economics il 15; 53(2): 277-287
Avani, K.; Harish, P.; Neeta, S. 2006: Ex situ conservation method for Clerodendrum inerme: a medicinal plant of India. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(5): 415-418
Xia, J.; Zheng, J.; Wang, D. 2005: Ex situ conservation status of an endangered Yangtze finless porpoise population (Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis) as measured from microsatellites and mtDNA diversity. ICES Journal of Marine Science 62(8): 1711-1716
Lau, Y.Y.; Wu, C.-Y.; Okochi, H.; Benet, L.Z. 2004: Ex situ inhibition of hepatic uptake and efflux significantly changes metabolism: hepatic enzyme-transporter interplay. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 308(3): 1040-1045
Russello, M.A.; Amato, G. 2004: Ex situ population management in the absence of pedigree information. Molecular Ecology 13(9): 2829-2840
Hutton, E., A.; Hocevar, S., B.; Ogorevc, B. 2005: Ex situ preparation of bismuth film microelectrode for use in electrochemical stripping microanalysis. Analytica Chimica Acta 537(1-2): 285-292
Gruttadauria, S.; Marsh, J.Wallis.; Bartlett, D.L.; Gridelli, B.; Marcos, A. 2005: Ex situ resection techniques and liver autotransplantation: last resource for otherwise unresectable malignancy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 50(10): 1829-1835
Petersen, D.; Hatta, M.; Laterveer, M.; Van Bergen, D. 2005: Ex situ transportation of coral larvae for research, conservation, and aquaculture. Coral Reefs 24(3): 510-513
Chan, D.F.Y.; Lee, C.H.; Fung, T.Y.; Chan, D.L.W.; Abdullah, V.; Ng, P.C. 2006: Ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) for congenital giant ranula. Acta Paediatrica 95(10): 1303-1305
Helm, P.A.; Tseng, H-Jer.; Younes, L.; McVeigh, E.R.; Winslow, R.L. 2005: Ex vivo 3D diffusion tensor imaging and quantification of cardiac laminar structure. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 54(4): 850-859
Koarada, S.; Haruta, Y.; Mitamura, M.; Morito, F.; Tada, Y.; Ohta, A.; Nagasawa, K. 2006: Ex vivo CD4+ T-cell cytokine expression from patients with Sjogren's syndrome following in vitro stimulation to induce proliferation. Rheumatology 45(4): 392-399
Tugnoli, V.; Mucci, A.; Schenetti, L.; Righi, V.; Calabrese, C.; Fabbri, A.; Di Febo, G.; Tosi, M.R. 2006: Ex vivo HR-MAS Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of human gastric adenocarcinomas: a comparison with healthy gastric mucosa. Oncology Reports 16(3): 543-553
Serres, S.éb.; Bezancon, E.; Franconi, J.-M.; Merle, M. 2005: Ex vivo NMR study of lactate metabolism in rat brain under various depressed states. Journal of Neuroscience Research 79(1-2): 19-25
Li, J.; Bracht, M.; Shang, X.; Radewonuk, J.; Emmell, E.; Griswold, D.E.; Li, L. 2006: Ex vivo activated OVA specific and non-specific CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells exhibit comparable suppression to OVA mediated T cell responses. Cellular Immunology 241(2): 75-84
Leor, J.; Rozen, L.; Zuloff-Shani, A.; Feinberg, M.S.; Amsalem, Y.; Barbash, I.M.; Kachel, E.; Holbova, R.; Mardor, Y.; Daniels, D.; Ocherashvilli, A.; Orenstein, A.; Danon, D. 2006: Ex vivo activated human macrophages improve healing, remodeling, and function of the infarcted heart. Circulation 114(1): I94-100
Li, G.; Wang, X.; Wu, L.; Zhang, W.; Chen, H.; Xie, Y.; Yang, D. 2005: Ex vivo activated immune cells promote survival and stimulate multilineage hematopoietic recovery in myelosuppressed mice. Journal of ImmunoTherapy 28(4): 420-425
Hong, L.; Peptan, I.; Clark, P.; Mao, J.J. 2005: Ex vivo adipose tissue engineering by human marrow stromal cell seeded gelatin sponge. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 33(4): 511-517
Migliaccio, A.R.; Alfani, E.; Di Giacomo, V.; Cieri, M.; Migliaccio, G. 2005: Ex vivo amplification of T cells from human cord blood. Pathologie-Biologie 53(3): 151-158
Wijk, R.; van Wesel, A.C.W.; Thomas, A.A.M.; Rijksen, G.; van Solinge, W.W. 2004: Ex vivo analysis of aberrant splicing induced by two donor site mutations in PKLR of a patient with severe pyruvate kinase deficiency. British Journal of Haematology 125(2): 253-263
Castaing, M.; Duvillié, B.; Quemeneur, E.; Basmaciogullari, A.; Scharfmann, R. 2005: Ex vivo analysis of acinar and endocrine cell development in the human embryonic pancreas. Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists 234(2): 339-345
Kern, M.A.; Haugg, A.M.; Eiteneuer, E.; Konze, E.; Drebber, U.; Dienes, H.P.; Breuhahn, K.; Schirmacher, P.; Kasper, H.U. 2006: Ex vivo analysis of antineoplastic agents in precision-cut tissue slices of human origin: effects of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition in hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 26(5): 604-612
Speiser, D.E.; Pittet, Mël.J.; Guillaume, P.; Lubenow, N.; Hoffman, E.; Cerottini, J-Charles.; Romero, P. 2004: Ex vivo analysis of human antigen-specific CD8+ T-cell responses: quality assessment of fluorescent HLA-A2 multimer and interferon-gamma ELISPOT assays for patient immune monitoring. Journal of ImmunoTherapy 27(4): 298-308
Serres, Sébastien.; Bezancon, E.; Franconi, J-Michel.; Merle, M. 2004: Ex vivo analysis of lactate and glucose metabolism in the rat brain under different states of depressed activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279(46): 47881-47889
Jang, M.-H.; Seth, N.P.; Wucherpfennig, K.W. 2003: Ex vivo analysis of thymic CD4 T cells in nonobese diabetic mice with tetramers generated from I-A(g7)/class II-associated invariant chain peptide precursors. Journal of Immunology 171(8): 4175-4186
Rulli, K.; Yugawa, T.; Hanson, C.; Thompson, D.; Ruscetti, S.; Nishigaki, K. 2004: Ex vivo and in vivo biological effects of a truncated form of the receptor tyrosine kinase stk when activated by interaction with the friend spleen focus-forming virus envelope glycoprotein or by point mutation. Journal of Virology 78(9): 4573-4581
Pirnia, F.; Frese, S.; Gloor, B.; Hotz, M.A.; Luethi, A.; Gugger, M.; Betticher, D.C.; Borner, M.M. 2006: Ex vivo assessment of chemotherapy-induced apoptosis and associated molecular changes in patient tumor samples. Anticancer Research 26(3a): 1765-1772
Van Barneveld, A.; Stanke, F.; Ballmann, M.; Naim, H.Y.; Tümmler, B. 2006: Ex vivo biochemical analysis of CFTR in human rectal biopsies. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1762(4): 393-397
Chappard, D.; Moquereau, M.; Mercier, P.; Gallois, Y.; Legrand, E.; Baslé, M.F.; Audran, M. 2004: Ex vivo bone mineral density of the wrist: influence of medullar fat. Bone 34(6): 1023-1028
Hudson, E.Ann.; Fox, L.H.; Luckett, J.C.A.; Manson, M.M. 2006: Ex vivo cancer chemoprevention research possibilities. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 21(2): 204-214
Adonai, N.; Nguyen, K., N.; Walsh, J.; Iyer, M.; Toyokuni, T.; Phelps, M., E.; Mccarthy, T.; Mccarthy, D., W.; Gambhir, S.-Sam 2006: Ex vivo cell labeling with Cu-64-pyruvaldehyde-bis(N-4-methylthiosemicarbazone) for imaging cell trafficking in mice with positron-emission tomography (vol 99, pg 3030, 2002). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(27): 10526
Kawabata, K.; Migita, M.; Mochizuki, H.; Miyake, K.; Igarashi, T.; Fukunaga, Y.; Shimada, T. 2006: Ex vivo cell-mediated gene therapy for metachromatic leukodystrophy using neurospheres. Brain Research 1094(1): 13-23
Di Nicolantonio, F.; Knight, L.A.; Di Palma, S.; Sharma, S.; Whitehouse, P.A.; Mercer, S.J.; Charlton, P.A.; Norris, D.; Cree, I.A. 2004: Ex vivo characterization of XR11576 (MLN576) against ovarian cancer and other solid tumors. Anti-Cancer Drugs 15(9): 849-860
Pittet, Mël.J.; Gati, A.; Le Gal, F-Anne.; Bioley, G.; Guillaume, P.; de Smedt, M.; Plum, J.; Speiser, D.E.; Cerottini, J-Charles.; Dietrich, P-Yves.; Romero, P.; Zippelius, A. 2006: Ex vivo characterization of allo-MHC-restricted T cells specific for a single MHC-peptide complex. Journal of Immunology 176(4): 2330-2336
Wilkinson, K.A.; Wilkinson, R.J.; Pathan, A.; Ewer, K.; Prakash, M.; Klenerman, P.; Maskell, N.; Davies, R.; Pasvol, G.; Lalvani, A. 2005: Ex vivo characterization of early secretory antigenic target 6-specific T cells at sites of active disease in pleural tuberculosis. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 40(1): 184-187
Gannagé, M.; Abel, M.; Michallet, A-Sophie.; Delluc, Séphanie.; Lambert, M.; Giraudier, Séphane.; Kratzer, R.; Niedermann, G.; Saveanu, L.; Guilhot, Fçois.; Camoin, L.; Varet, B.; Buzyn, Aès.; Caillat-Zucman, S. 2005: Ex vivo characterization of multiepitopic tumor-specific CD8 T cells in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia: implications for vaccine development and adoptive cellular immunotherapy. Journal of Immunology 174(12): 8210-8218
Latham, K.A.; Whittington, K.B.; Zhou, R.; Qian, Z.; Rosloniec, E.F. 2005: Ex vivo characterization of the autoimmune T cell response in the HLA-DR1 mouse model of collagen-induced arthritis reveals long-term activation of type II collagen-specific cells and their presence in arthritic joints. Journal of Immunology 174(7): 3978-3985
Dollner, R.; Granzow, C.; Neudert, M.; Dietz, A. 2006: Ex vivo chemosensitivity of head and neck carcinoma to cytostatic drug combinations. Anticancer Research 26(2b): 1651-1655
Dawson, D.G.; Holley, G.P.; Geroski, D.H.; Waring, G.O.; Grossniklaus, H.E.; Edelhauser, H.F. 2005: Ex vivo confocal microscopy of human LASIK corneas with histologic and ultrastructural correlation. Ophthalmology 112(4): 634-644
Li, X.; Le Beau, M.M.; Ciccone, S.; Yang, F.-C.; Freie, B.; Chen, S.; Yuan, J.; Hong, P.; Orazi, A.; Haneline, L.S.; Clapp, D.W. 2005: Ex vivo culture of Fancc-/- stem/progenitor cells predisposes cells to undergo apoptosis, and surviving stem/progenitor cells display cytogenetic abnormalities and an increased risk of malignancy. Blood 105(9): 3465-3471
Van Hensbergen, Y.; Schipper, L.F.; Brand, A.; Slot, M.C.; Welling, M.; Nauta, A.J.; Fibbe, W.E. 2006: Ex vivo culture of human CD34+ cord blood cells with thrombopoietin (TPO) accelerates platelet engraftment in a NOD/SCID mouse model. Experimental Hematology 34(7): 943-950
Fletcher, P.S.; Elliott, J.; Grivel, J.-C.; Margolis, L.; Anton, P.; McGowan, I.; Shattock, R.J. 2006: Ex vivo culture of human colorectal tissue for the evaluation of candidate microbicides. Aids 20(9): 1237-1245
Chute, J.P.; Fung, J.; Muramoto, G.; Erwin, R. 2004: Ex vivo culture rescues hematopoietic stem cells with long-term repopulating capacity following harvest from lethally irradiated mice. Experimental Hematology 32(3): 308-317
Baumgaertner, P.; Rufer, N.; Devevre, E.; Derre, L.; Rimoldi, D.; Geldhof, C.; Voelter, V.; Liénard, D.; Romero, P.; Speiser, D.E. 2006: Ex vivo detectable human CD8 T-cell responses to cancer-testis antigens. Cancer Research 66(4): 1912-1916
Ko, A.C.-T.; Choo-Smith, L.-P.'i.; Hewko, M.; Leonardi, L.; Sowa, M.G.; Dong, C.C.S.; Williams, P.; Cleghorn, B. 2005: Ex vivo detection and characterization of early dental caries by optical coherence tomography and Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Biomedical Optics 10(3): 031118
Krol, J.; Mengele, K.; Ottl-Mantchenko, I.; Welk, A.; Wasilewitsch, I.; von Steinburg, S.Pildner.; Schneider, K-Theodor.M.; Schmitt, M. 2005: Ex vivo detection of apoptotic trophoblast cells applying flow cytofluorometry and immunocytochemistry using M30 antibody directed to the cytokeratin 18 neo-epitope. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 16(3): 415-420
Hong, J.; Zang, Y.C.Q.; Li, S.; Rivera, V.M.; Zhang, J.Z. 2004: Ex vivo detection of myelin basic protein-reactive T cells in multiple sclerosis and controls using specific TCR oligonucleotide probes. European Journal of Immunology 34(3): 870-881
Le Ricousse-Roussanne, S.; Barateau, V.ér.; Contreres, J.-O.; Boval, B.; Kraus-Berthier, L.; Tobelem, G.ér. 2004: Ex vivo differentiated endothelial and smooth muscle cells from human cord blood progenitors home to the angiogenic tumor vasculature. Cardiovascular Research 62(1): 176-184
Shim, W.S.N.; Jiang, S.; Wong, P.; Tan, J.; Chua, Y.L.; Tan, Y.S.; Sin, Y.K.; Lim, C.H.; Chua, T.; Teh, M.; Liu, T.C.; Sim, E. 2004: Ex vivo differentiation of human adult bone marrow stem cells into cardiomyocyte-like cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 324(2): 481-488
Styczynski, J.; Wysocki, M. 2004: Ex vivo drug resistance in childhood acute myeloid leukemia on relapse is not higher than at first diagnosis. Pediatric Blood and Cancer 42(2): 195-199
Gardner, D.K.; Lane, M. 2005: Ex vivo early embryo development and effects on gene expression and imprinting. Reproduction Fertility and Development 17(3): 361-370
Yamaoka, T.; Yonemitsu, Y.; Komori, K.; Baba, H.; Matsumoto, T.; Onohara, T.; Maehara, Y. 2005: Ex vivo electroporation as a potent new strategy for nonviral gene transfer into autologous vein grafts. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 289(5): H1865-H1872
Schwartz, E.D.; Cooper, E.T.; Chin, C-Liang.; Wehrli, S.; Tessler, A.; Hackney, D.B. 2005: Ex vivo evaluation of ADC values within spinal cord white matter tracts. Ajnr. American Journal of Neuroradiology 26(2): 390-397
Stoiber, J.; Fernandez, V.; Lamar, P.D.; Hitzl, W.; Fantes, F.; Parel, J-Marie. 2005: Ex vivo evaluation of Tono-Pen and pneumotonometry in cat eyes. Ophthalmic Research 38(1): 13-18
Connor, J.P.; Felder, M.; Hank, J.; Harter, J.; Gan, J.; Gillies, S.D.; Sondel, P. 2004: Ex vivo evaluation of anti-EpCAM immunocytokine huKS-IL2 in ovarian cancer. Journal of ImmunoTherapy 27(3): 211-219
Matsumoto, Y.; Takizawa, H.; Nakama, K.; Gong, X.; Yamada, Y.; Tandon, N.N.; Kambayashi, J. 2006: Ex vivo evaluation of anti-GPVI antibody in cynomolgus monkeys: dissociation between anti-platelet aggregatory effect and bleeding time. Thrombosis and Haemostasis 96(2): 167-175
Peerschke, E.I.B.; Silver, R.T.; Weksler, B.; Grigg, S.E.; Savion, N.; Varon, D. 2004: Ex vivo evaluation of erythrocytosis-enhanced platelet thrombus formation using the cone and plate(let) analyzer: effect of platelet antagonists. British Journal of Haematology 127(2): 195-203
Schimmelpfennig, C.H.; Schulz, S.; Arber, C.; Baker, J.; Tarner, I.; McBride, J.; Contag, C.H.; Negrin, R.S. 2005: Ex vivo expanded dendritic cells home to T-cell zones of lymphoid organs and survive in vivo after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. American Journal of Pathology 167(5): 1321-1331
Osada, T.; Morse, M.A.; Lyerly, H.K.; Clay, T.M. 2005: Ex vivo expanded human CD4+ regulatory NKT cells suppress expansion of tumor antigen-specific CTLs. International Immunology 17(9): 1143-1155
Parmar, S.; Robinson, S.N.; Komanduri, K.; St John, L.; Decker, W.; Xing, D.; Yang, H.; McMannis, J.; Champlin, R.; de Lima, M.; Molldrem, J.; Rieber, A.; Bonyhadi, M.; Berenson, R.; Shpall, E.J. 2006: Ex vivo expanded umbilical cord blood T cells maintain naive phenotype and TCR diversity. CytoTherapy 8(2): 149-157
Kobari, L.; Giarratana, M.C.; Gluckman, J.C.; Douay, L.; Rosenzwajg, M. 2006: Ex vivo expansion does not alter the capacity of umbilical cord blood CD34+ cells to generate functional T lymphocytes and dendritic cells. Stem Cells 24(9): 2150-2157
Wajchman, H.J.; Pierce, C.W.; Varma, V.A.; Issa, M.M.; Petros, J.; Dombrowski, K.E. 2004: Ex vivo expansion of CD8+CD56+ and CD8+CD56- natural killer T cells specific for MUC1 mucin. Cancer Research 64(3): 1171-1180
Kawano, Y.; Kobune, M.; Chiba, H.; Nakamura, K.; Takimoto, R.; Takada, K.; Ito, Y.; Kato, J.; Hamada, H.; Niitsu, Y. 2006: Ex vivo expansion of G-CSF-mobilized peripheral blood CD133+ progenitor cells on coculture with human stromal cells. Experimental Hematology 34(2): 150-158
Gervais, A.; Bouet-Toussaint, Fçoise.; Toutirais, O.; De La Pintiere, Cécile.Thomas.; Genetet, Nëlle.; Catros-Quemener, Véronique. 2005: Ex vivo expansion of antitumor cytotoxic lymphocytes with tumor-associated antigen-loaded dendritic cells. Anticancer Research 25(3b): 2177-2185
Chen, H.-W.; Liao, C.-H.; Ying, C.; Chang, C.-J.; Lin, C.-M. 2006: Ex vivo expansion of dendritic-cell-activated antigen-specific CD4+ T cells with anti-CD3/CD28, interleukin-7, and interleukin-15: potential for adoptive T cell immunotherapy. Clinical Immunology 119(1): 21-31
Liu, Y.; Liu, T.; Fan, X.; Ma, X.; Cui, Z. 2006: Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells derived from umbilical cord blood in rotating wall vessel. Journal of Biotechnology 124(3): 592-601
Rist, M.; Cooper, L.; Elkington, R.; Walker, S.; Fazou, C.; Tellam, J.; Crough, T.; Khanna, R. 2005: Ex vivo expansion of human cytomegalovirus-specific cytotoxic T cells by recombinant polyepitope: implications for HCMV immunotherapy. European Journal of Immunology 35(3): 996-1007
Kim, Y-Man.; Jung, M-Hyung.; Song, H-Young.; Yang, H.Ok.; Lee, S-Tae.; Kim, J-Hyeok.; Kim, Y-Tak.; Nam, J-Hyun.; Mok, J-Eun. 2005: Ex vivo expansion of human umbilical cord blood-derived T-lymphocytes with homologous cord blood plasma. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 205(2): 115-122
De Bruyn, C.; Delforge, A.; Martiat, P.; Bron, D. 2005: Ex vivo expansion of neutrophil precursor cells from mobilized peripheral blood cells: similar results in cancer patients and normal donors. CytoTherapy 7(6): 470-477
Wu, J.Y.; Ernstoff, M.S.; Hill, J.M.; Cole, B.; Meehan, K.R. 2006: Ex vivo expansion of non-MHC-restricted cytotoxic effector cells as adoptive immunotherapy for myeloma. CytoTherapy 8(2): 141-148
Robinson, S.; Niu, T.; de Lima, M.; Ng, J.; Yang, H.; McMannis, J.; Karandish, S.; Sadeghi, T.; Fu, P.; del Angel, M.; O'Connor, S.; Champlin, R.; Shpall, E. 2005: Ex vivo expansion of umbilical cord blood. CytoTherapy 7(3): 243-250
Astori, G.; Larghero, J.; Bonfini, T.; Giancola, R.; Di Riti, M.; Rodriguez, L.; Rodriguez, M.; Mambrini, G.; Bigi, L.; Lacone, A.; Marolleau, J.P.; Panzani, I.; Garcia, J.; Querol, S. 2006: Ex vivo expansion of umbilical cord blood CD34 cells in a closed system: a multicentric study. Vox Sanguinis 90(3): 183-190
Baroud, G.; Martin, P-Luc.; Cabana, Fçois. 2006: Ex vivo experiments of a new injection cannula for vertebroplasty. Spine 31(1): 115-119
Ericson, C.; Georgievska, B.; Lundberg, C. 2005: Ex vivo gene delivery of GDNF using primary astrocytes transduced with a lentiviral vector provides neuroprotection in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. European Journal of Neuroscience 22(11): 2755-2764
Longhi, L.; Watson, D.J.; Saatman, K.E.; Thompson, H.J.; Zhang, C.; Fujimoto, S.; Royo, N.; Castelbuono, D.; Raghupathi, R.; Trojanowski, J.Q.; Lee, V.M-Y.; Wolfe, J.H.; Stocchetti, N.; McIntosh, T.K. 2005: Ex vivo gene therapy using targeted engraftment of NGF-expressing human NT2N neurons attenuates cognitive deficits following traumatic brain injury in mice. Journal of Neurotrauma 21(12): 1723-1736
Ribourtout, E.; Desfaits, A-Cécile.; Salazkin, I.; Raymond, J. 2003: Ex vivo gene therapy with adenovirus-mediated transforming growth factor beta1 expression for endovascular treatment of aneurysm: results in a canine bilateral aneurysm model. Journal of Vascular Surgery 38(3): 576-583
Shen, H.-C.; Peng, H.; Usas, A.; Gearhart, B.; Cummins, J.; Fu, F.H.; Huard, J. 2004: Ex vivo gene therapy-induced endochondral bone formation: comparison of muscle-derived stem cells and different subpopulations of primary muscle-derived cells. Bone 34(6): 982-992
Yasuhara, T.; Borlongan, C., V.; Date, I. 2006: Ex vivo gene therapy: transplantation of neurotrophic factor-secreting cells for cerebral ischemia. Frontiers in Bioscience 11: 760-775
Montagna, D.; Schiavo, R.; Gibelli, N.; Pedrazzoli, P.; Tonelli, R.; Pagani, S.; Assirelli, E.; Locatelli, F.; Pession, A.; Fregoni, V.; Montini, E.; Da Prada, G.A.; Siena, S.; Maccario, R. 2004: Ex vivo generation and expansion of anti-tumor cytotoxic T-cell lines derived from patients or their HLA-identical sibling. International Journal of Cancer 110(1): 76-86
Wagner, U.; Pierer, M.; Wahle, M.; Moritz, F.; Kaltenhäuser, S.; Häntzschel, H. 2004: Ex vivo homeostatic proliferation of CD4+ T cells in rheumatoid arthritis is dysregulated and driven by membrane-anchored TNFalpha. Journal of Immunology 173(4): 2825-2833
Glaser, S.T.; Gatley, S.J.; Gifford, A.N. 2006: Ex vivo imaging of fatty acid amide hydrolase activity and its inhibition in the mouse brain. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 316(3): 1088-1097
Van den Bosch, G.A.; Ponsaerts, P.; Nijs, G.; Lenjou, M.; Vanham, G.; Van Bockstaele, D.R.; Berneman, Z.N.; Van Tendeloo, V.F.I. 2005: Ex vivo induction of viral antigen-specific CD8 T cell responses using mRNA-electroporated CD40-activated B cells. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 139(3): 458-467
Araya, A.Veronica.; Pavez, V.; Perez, C.; Gonzalez, F.; Columbo, A.; Aguirre, A.; Schiattino, I.; Aguillón, J.C. 2003: Ex vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and PGE2 secretion in whole blood from Type 1 diabetes mellitus patients with or without aggressive periodontitis. European Cytokine Network 14(3): 128-133
Zheng, Y.; Watanabe, N.; Nagamura-Inoue, T.; Igura, K.; Nagayama, H.; Tojo, A.; Tanosaki, R.; Takaue, Y.; Okamoto, S.; Takahashi, T.A. 2003: Ex vivo manipulation of umbilical cord blood-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells with recombinant human stem cell factor can up-regulate levels of homing-essential molecules to increase their transmigratory potential. Experimental Hematology 31(12): 1237-1246
Tomita, S.; Molloy, S.; Abe, M.; Belkoff, S.M. 2004: Ex vivo measurement of intravertebral pressure during vertebroplasty. Spine 29(7): 723-725
Hendrickson, A.; McKinstry, L.A.; Lewis, J.K.; Lum, J.; Louie, A.; Schellenberg, G.D.; Hatsukami, T.S.; Chait, A.; Jarvik, G.P. 2005: Ex vivo measures of LDL oxidative susceptibility predict carotid artery disease. Atherosclerosis 179(1): 147-153
Suh, H.; Song, M.J.; Ohata, M.; Kang, Y.-B.; Tsutsumi, S. 2003: Ex vivo mechanical evaluation of carbonate apatite-collagen-grafted porous poly-L-lactic acid membrane in rabbit calvarial bone. Tissue Engineering 9(4): 635-643
Maher, D.M.; Zhang, Z.-Q.; Schacker, T.W.; Southern, P.J. 2005: Ex vivo modeling of oral HIV transmission in human palatine tonsil. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society 53(5): 631-642
Kaur, R.; Klichko, V.; Margolis, D. 2005: Ex vivo modeling of the effects of mycophenolic acid on HIV infection: considerations for antiviral therapy. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 21(2): 116-124
Styczynski, J.; Wysocki, M. 2006: Ex vivo modulation of response to prednisolone in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. British Journal of Haematology 133(4): 397-399
Lucas, M.; Day, C.L.; Wyer, J.R.; Cunliffe, S.L.; Loughry, A.; McMichael, A.J.; Klenerman, P. 2004: Ex vivo phenotype and frequency of influenza virus-specific CD4 memory T cells. Journal of Virology 78(13): 7284-7287
Sasaki, K-ichiro.; Heeschen, C.; Aicher, A.; Ziebart, T.; Honold, J.; Urbich, C.; Rossig, L.; Koehl, U.; Koyanagi, M.; Mohamed, A.; Brandes, R.P.; Martin, H.; Zeiher, A.M.; Dimmeler, S. 2006: Ex vivo pretreatment of bone marrow mononuclear cells with endothelial NO synthase enhancer AVE9488 enhances their functional activity for cell therapy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(39): 14537-14541
Foley, J.E.; Jung, U.; Miera, A.; Borenstein, T.; Mariotti, J.; Eckhaus, M.; Bierer, B.E.; Fowler, D.H. 2005: Ex vivo rapamycin generates donor Th2 cells that potently inhibit graft-versus-host disease and graft-versus-tumor effects via an IL-4-dependent mechanism. Journal of Immunology 175(9): 5732-5743
Lee, J.-S.; Son, J.W.; Jung, S.-B.; Kwon, Y.-M.; Yang, C.-S.; Oh, J.-H.; Song, C.-H.; Kim, H.-J.; Park, J.-K.; Paik, T.-H.; Jo, E.-K. 2006: Ex vivo responses for interferon-gamma and proinflammatory cytokine secretion to low-molecular-weight antigen MTB12 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis during human tuberculosis. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 64(2): 145-154
Dollner, R.; Dietz, A.; Kopun, M.; Helbig, M.; Wallner, F.; Granzow, C. 2004: Ex vivo responsiveness of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma to glufosfamide, a novel alkylating agent. Anticancer Research 24(5a): 2947-2951
Dollner, R.; Granzow, C.; Tschop, K.; Dietz, A. 2006: Ex vivo responsiveness of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma to vinorelbine. Anticancer Research 26(3b): 2361-2365
Di Nicolantonio, F.; Knight, L.A.; Glaysher, S.; Whitehouse, P.A.; Mercer, S.J.; Sharma, S.; Mills, L.; Prin, A.; Johnson, P.; Charlton, P.A.; Norris, D.; Cree, I.A. 2004: Ex vivo reversal of chemoresistance by tariquidar (XR9576). Anti-Cancer Drugs 15(9): 861-869
Vargha, R.; Endemann, M.; Kratochwill, K.; Riesenhuber, A.; Wick, N.; Krachler, A.-M.; Malaga-Dieguez, L.; Aufricht, C. 2006: Ex vivo reversal of in vivo transdifferentiation in mesothelial cells grown from peritoneal dialysate effluents. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 21(10): 2943-2947
Trenado, Aélie.; Fisson, S.; Braunberger, E.; Klatzmann, D.; Salomon, Bît.L.; Cohen, Jé.L. 2004: Ex vivo selection of recipient-type alloantigen-specific CD4(+)CD25(+) immunoregulatory T cells for the control of graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation. Transplantation 77(1 Suppl): S32-S34
Arnoczky, S.P.; Tian, T.; Lavagnino, M.; Gardner, K. 2004: Ex vivo static tensile loading inhibits MMP-1 expression in rat tail tendon cells through a cytoskeletally based mechanotransduction mechanism. Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 22(2): 328-333
Moser, J.M.; Upton, J.W.; Gray, K.S.; Speck, S.H. 2005: Ex vivo stimulation of B cells latently infected with gammaherpesvirus 68 triggers reactivation from latency. Journal of Virology 79(8): 5227-5231
Talayev, V.Yu.; Zaichenko, I.Ye.; Babaykina, O.N.; Lomunova, M.A.; Talayeva, E.B.; Nikonova, M.F. 2005: Ex vivo stimulation of cord blood mononuclear cells by dexamethasone and interleukin-7 results in the maturation of interferon-gamma-secreting effector memory T cells. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 141(3): 440-448
Djeridane, Y.; Touitou, Y. 2004: Ex vivo studies on the acute and chronic effects of DHEA and DHEA-sulfate on melatonin synthesis in young- and old-rat pineal glands. Steroids 69(5): 343-349
Engelbrecht, A.-M.; Gebhardt, S.; Louw, L. 2006: Ex vivo study of MAPK profiles correlated with parameters of apoptosis during cervical carcinogenesis. Cancer Letters 235(1): 93-99
Hölsken, A.; Eyüpoglu, I.Y.; Lueders, M.; Tränkle, C.; Dieckmann, D.; Buslei, R.; Hahnen, E.; Blümcke, I.; Siebzehnrübl, F.A. 2006: Ex vivo therapy of malignant melanomas transplanted into organotypic brain slice cultures using inhibitors of histone deacetylases. Acta Neuropathologica 112(2): 205-215
Strohmaier, W.L.; Giese, A. 2005: Ex vivo training model for percutaneous renal surgery. Urological Research 33(3): 191-193
Song, S.; Witek, R.P.; Lu, Y.; Choi, Y-Kook.; Zheng, D.; Jorgensen, M.; Li, C.; Flotte, T.R.; Petersen, B.E. 2004: Ex vivo transduced liver progenitor cells as a platform for gene therapy in mice. Hepatology 40(4): 918-924
Huijun, W.; Long, C.; Zhigang, Z.; Feng, J.; Muyi, G. 2005: Ex vivo transfer of the decorin gene into rat glomerulus via a mesangial cell vector suppressed extracellular matrix accumulation in experimental glomerulonephritis. Experimental and Molecular Pathology 78(1): 17-24
Kimura, S.; Inoue, H.; Sato, Y.; Aoyama, Y.; Shimojima, M.; Masuyama, T.; Kudo, S-ei. 2006: Ex vivo visualization of Helicobacter pylori using an endocytoscopic probe. Biomedical Research 27(5): 255-257
Lewis, L.D.; Amin, S.; Civin, C.I.; Lietman, P.S. 2004: Ex vivo zidovudine (AZT) treatment of CD34+ bone marrow progenitors causes decreased steady state mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and increased lactate production. Human and Experimental Toxicology 23(4): 173-185
Ye, S.-W.; Wang, Y.; Valmori, D.; Ayyoub, M.; Han, Y.; Xu, X.-L.; Zhao, A.-L.; Qu, L.; Gnjatic, S.; Ritter, G.; Old, L.J.; Gu, J. 2006: Ex-vivo analysis of CD8+ T cells infiltrating colorectal tumors identifies a major effector-memory subset with low perforin content. Journal of Clinical Immunology 26(5): 447-456
Sher, H.; Melick, D.; Zaheer-Ud-Ud-Khan 2005: Ex-situ cultivation of medicinal plant species in high altitudes at Swat, Pakidstan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 27(6): 676-684
Coppi, G.; Sala, N.; Bondi, M.; Sergi, S.; Iannuccelli, V. 2006: Ex-vivo evaluation of alginate microparticles for Polymyxin B oral administration. Journal of Drug Targeting 14(9): 599-606
Vemuganti, G.K.; Kashyap, S.; Sangwan, V.S.; Singh, S. 2004: Ex-vivo potential of cadaveric and fresh limbal tissues to regenerate cultured epithelium. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 52(2): 113-120
Jain, S.; Xu, H.; Duncan, H.; Jones, J.W.; Zhang, J.X.; Clemens, M.G.; Lee, C.Y. 2004: Ex-vivo study of flow dynamics and endothelial cell structure during extended hypothermic machine perfusion preservation of livers. Cryobiology 48(3): 322-332
Sandhu, K.S.; Acharya, K.K. 2005: ExPrimer: to design primers from exon--exon junctions. Bioinformatics 21(9): 2091-2092
Brown, A.C.; Kai, K.; May, M.E.; Brown, D.C.; Roopenian, D.C. 2004: ExQuest, a novel method for displaying quantitative gene expression from ESTs. Genomics 83(3): 528-539
Araujo, L.M.; Lefort, J.; Nahori, M.-A.; Diem, S.év.; Zhu, R.; Dy, M.; Leite-de-Moraes, M.C.; Bach, J.F.; Vargaftig, B.B.; Herbelin, A.é 2004: Exacerbated Th2-mediated airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in autoimmune diabetes-prone NOD mice: a critical role for CD1d-dependent NKT cells. European Journal of Immunology 34(2): 327-335
Husum, H.; Aznar, S.; Høyer-Hansen, S.; Larsen, M.H.; Mikkelsen, J.D.; Møller, A.; Mathé, A.A.; Wörtwein, G. 2006: Exacerbated loss of cell survival, neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive (IR) cells, and serotonin-IR fiber lengths in the dorsal hippocampus of the aged flinders sensitive line "depressed" rat: Implications for the pathophysiology of depression?. Journal of Neuroscience Research 84(6): 1292-1302
Lähteinen, S.; Pitkänen, A.; Koponen, E.; Saarelainen, T.; Castrén, E. 2003: Exacerbated status epilepticus and acute cell loss, but no changes in epileptogenesis, in mice with increased brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling. Neuroscience 122(4): 1081-1092
Cabin, D.E.; Gispert-Sanchez, S.; Murphy, D.; Auburger, G.; Myers, R.R.; Nussbaum, R.L. 2005: Exacerbated synucleinopathy in mice expressing A53T SNCA on a Snca null background. Neurobiology of Aging 26(1): 25-35
Da Silva, A.Paes.Batista.; Pollett, A.; Rittling, S.R.; Denhardt, D.T.; Sodek, J.; Zohar, R. 2006: Exacerbated tissue destruction in DSS-induced acute colitis of OPN-null mice is associated with downregulation of TNF-alpha expression and non-programmed cell death. Journal of Cellular Physiology 208(3): 629-639
Van Loock, M.; Loots, K.; Van Heerden, M.; Vanrompay, D.; Goddeeris, B.Maria. 2006: Exacerbation of Chlamydophila psittaci pathogenicity in turkeys superinfected by Escherichia coli. Veterinary Research 37(6): 745-755
Menendez-Gonzalez, M.; Calatayud, M.Teresa.; Blazquez-Menes, B. 2005: Exacerbation of Lewy bodies dementia due to memantine. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: Jad 8(3): 289-291
Cerra, A.; Mansfield, K.J.; Chamberlain, C.G. 2003: Exacerbation of TGF-beta-induced cataract by FGF-2 in cultured rat lenses. Molecular Vision 9: 689-700
Kneitz, C.; Suerbaum, S.; Beer, M.; Müller, J.; Jahns, R.; Tony, H.P. 2005: Exacerbation of Whipple's disease associated with infliximab treatment. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 34(2): 148-151
Musaji, A.; Cormont, Fçoise.; Thirion, Gëtan.; Cambiaso, César.L.; Coutelier, J-Paul. 2004: Exacerbation of autoantibody-mediated thrombocytopenic purpura by infection with mouse viruses. Blood 104(7): 2102-2106
Matsuse, D.; Ochi, H.; Tashiro, K.; Nomura, T.; Murai, H.; Taniwaki, T.; Kira, J-ichi. 2005: Exacerbation of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy during interferonbeta-1b therapy in a patient with childhood-onset multiple sclerosis. Internal Medicine 44(1): 68-72
Ikee, R.; Hyodo, N.; Higashi, K.; Yamada, M.; Kikuchi, Y.; Suzuki, S.; Miura, S. 2004: Exacerbation of cryoglobulinemia associated with intravenous radiographic contrast medium. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 33(1): 61-62
Miyazaki, Y.; Inoue, H.; Matsumura, M.; Matsumoto, K.; Nakano, T.; Tsuda, M.; Hamano, S.; Yoshimura, A.; Yoshida, H. 2005: Exacerbation of experimental allergic asthma by augmented Th2 responses in WSX-1-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 175(4): 2401-2407
Chen, L.; Brosnan, C.F. 2006: Exacerbation of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in P2X7R-/- mice: evidence for loss of apoptotic activity in lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology 176(5): 3115-3126