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Expression and biochemical characterization of two small heat shock proteins from the thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7



Expression and biochemical characterization of two small heat shock proteins from the thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7



Protein Science 13(1): 134-144



We expressed and characterized two sHsps, StHsp19.7 and StHsp14.0, from a thermoacidophilic crenarchaeon, Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7. StHsp19.7 forms a filamentous structure consisting of spherical particles and lacks molecular chaperone activity. Fractionation of Sulfolobus extracts by size exclusion chromatography with immunoblotting indicates that StHsp19.7 exists as a filamentous structure in vivo. On the other hand, StHsp14.0 exists as a spherical oligomer like other sHsps. It showed molecular chaperone activity to protect thermophilic 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (IPMDH) from thermal aggregation at 87 degrees C. StHsp14.0 formed variable-sized complexes with denatured IPMDH at 90 degrees C. Using StHsp14.0 labeled with fluorescence or biotin probe and magnetic separation, subunit exchanges between complexes were demonstrated. This is the first report on the filament formation of sHsp and also the high molecular chaperone activity of thermophilic archaeal sHsps.

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Accession: 012071332

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PMID: 14691229

DOI: 10.1110/ps.03264204


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