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Fecundity and twinning rates as measures of fertility before diagnosis of germ-cell testicular cancer



Fecundity and twinning rates as measures of fertility before diagnosis of germ-cell testicular cancer



Journal of the National Cancer Institute 96(2): 145-147



Previous studies have suggested an association between subfertility and testicular cancer by using fecundity and semen characteristics to measure fertility. The occurrence of twinning in offspring may be used to investigate male reproductive health, because dizygotic twinning is reduced by male subfertility. We therefore assessed number of children and offspring twinning rates among 4592 Swedish patients with testicular cancer and 12 254 control subjects. Before diagnosis, case patients had a decreased number of children (for testicular cancer, odds ratio [OR] = 0.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.62 to 0.81; at least three children compared with no children), with a lower frequency of dizygotic twinning (for unlike-sex twins, OR for the father having testicular cancer = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.22 to 1.08). The ratio of unlike-sex to same-sex twins was 0.22 among children of case patients and 0.66 among children of control subjects (adjusted P =.03, two-sided Wald test). We also found an increased occurrence of twinning after diagnosis, probably attributable to treatment for iatrogenic subfertility. Our study strongly supports evidence of an association between subfertility and the subsequent risk for testicular cancer.

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Accession: 012087212

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 14734704

DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djh012



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