Section 13
Chapter 12,125

Genotype and subtype analyses of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and possible co-infection of HBV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) or hepatitis D virus (HDV) in blood donors, patients with chronic liver disease and patients on hemodialysis in Surabaya, Indonesia

Lusida, M.I.; Surayah; Sakugawa, H.; Nagano-Fujii, M.; Soetjipto; Mulyanto; Handajani, R.; Boediwarsono; Setiawan, P.B.; Nidom, C.A.; Ohgimoto, S.; Hotta, H.

Microbiology and Immunology 47(12): 969-975


ISSN/ISBN: 0385-5600
PMID: 14695447
DOI: 10.1111/j.1348-0421.2003.tb03457.x
Accession: 012124280

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Four subtypes (adw, adr, ayw, and ayr) and eight genotypes (A to H) of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) have been identified. They appear to be associated with particular geographic distribution, ethnicity, and possibly clinical outcomes.

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