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Long hydrocarbon chain ether diols and ether diacids that favorably alter lipid disorders in vivo

Long hydrocarbon chain ether diols and ether diacids that favorably alter lipid disorders in vivo

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 47(21): 5183-5197

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-2623

PMID: 15456261

DOI: 10.1021/jm0400395

Long hydrocarbon chain ethers with bis-terminal hydroxyl or carboxyl groups have been synthesized and evaluated for their potential to favorably alter lipid disorders including metabolic syndrome. Compounds were assessed for their effects on the de novo incorporation of radiolabeled acetate into lipids in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes as well as for their effects on lipid and glycemic variables in female obese Zucker fatty rats following 1 and 2 weeks of daily oral administration. The most active compounds were found to be symmetrical with four to five methylene groups separating the central ether functionality and the gem dimethyl or methyl/aryl substituents. Biological activity was found to be greatest for tetramethyl-substituted ether diols (e.g., 28 and 31), while bis(arylmethyl) derivatives (e.g., 10, 11, and 27), diethers (e.g., 49, 50, and 56), and diphenyl ethers (e.g., 35 and 36) were the least active. For the most biologically active compound 28, we observed as much as a 346% increase in serum HDL-cholesterol and a 71% reduction in serum triglycerides at the highest dose administered (100 mg/kg) after 2 weeks of treatment. For compound 31 we observed a 69% reduction in non-HDL-cholesterol, accompanied by a 131% increase in HDL-cholesterol and an 84% reduction in serum triglycerides under the same treatment conditions.

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Accession: 012270915

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