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Luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization: meta-analysis of randomized trials

Luteal phase support in in vitro fertilization: meta-analysis of randomized trials

Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 60(2): 67-74

Objective:To determine if luteal phase support improves the pregnancy rate in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Design: A meta-analysis of randomized trials of luteal phase support was carried out with the main outcome measure being the pregnancy rate per cycle. Results: Fifty-nine trials were evaluated. Eighteen trials met the inclusion criteria. Five main themes were identified: human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) versus progesterone; progesterone versus progesterone and hCG; progesterone versus placebo; hCG versus placebo, and hCG versus progesterone versus no support. Conclusion: Luteal phase support is definitely indicated in IVF treatment cycles. This meta-analysis favored hCG above progesterone as luteal phase support with respect to pregnancy rates. Further prospective randomized trials are needed to determine a definite consensus with respect to the duration of luteal phase support in IVF cycles. Copyright (C) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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Accession: 012278120

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15785074

DOI: 10.1159/000084546

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