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Mechanisms of gelsolin-dependent and -independent EGF-stimulated cell motility in a human lung epithelial cell line

Lader, A.S.; Lee, J.J.; Cicchetti, G.; Kwiatkowski, D.J.

Experimental Cell Research 307(1): 153-163

2005


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-4827
PMID: 15922735
DOI: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2005.03.001
Accession: 012294329

Acquisition of motility is an important step in malignant progression of tumor cells and involves dynamic changes in actin filament architecture orchestrated by many actin binding proteins. A role for the actin-binding protein gelsolin has been demonstrated in fibroblast motility. In this report, we investigated the role of gelsolin in bronchial epithelial cell motility. The non-tumorigenic bronchial epithelial cell line, NL20 migrated towards EGF in a modified Boyden chamber cell motility assay. However, the tumorigenic NL20-TA cell line derived from the NL20 cells and lacking gelsolin, did not migrate towards EGF. Ectopic expression of gelsolin in NL20-TA cells restored the EGF response, while motility of NL20-TA derived cells towards serum, PDGF, and fibronectin was independent of gelsolin expression. PI3-kinase inhibition failed to block EGF-stimulated motility in gelsolin transfected NL20-TA cells. Furthermore, EGF stimulated a motility response in cells lacking gelsolin in the presence of fibronectin or fibrinogen that was blocked with PI3-kinase inhibition. Thus, EGF-stimulated motility in NL20 cells and its derivatives are gelsolin dependent and PI3-kinase independent, while fibronectin and fibrinogen enhances EGF-stimulated motility through a pathway independent of gelsolin and dependent upon PI3-kinase.

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