Membrane-bound matrix metalloproteinase-8 on activated polymorphonuclear cells is a potent, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-resistant collagenase and serpinase
Owen, C.A.; Hu, Z.; Lopez-Otin, C.; Shapiro, S.D.
Journal of Immunology 172(12): 7791-7803
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767 PMID: 15187163 DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.172.12.7791
Little is known about the cell biology or the biologic roles of polymorphonuclear cell (PMN)-derived matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8). When activated with proinflammatory mediators, human PMN release only approximately 15-20% of their content of MMP-8 ( approximately 60 ng/10(6) cells) exclusively as latent pro-MMP-8. However, activated PMN incubated on type I collagen are associated with pericellular collagenase activity even when bathed in serum. PMN pericellular collagenase activity is attributable to membrane-bound MMP-8 because: 1) MMP-8 is expressed in an inducible manner in both pro- and active forms on the surface of human PMN; 2) studies of activated PMN from mice genetically deficient in MMP-8 (MMP-8(-/-)) vs wild-type (WT) mice show that membrane-bound MMP-8 accounts for 92% of the MMP-mediated, PMN surface type I collagenase activity; and 3) human membrane-bound MMP-8 on PMN cleaves types I and II collagens, and alpha(1)-proteinase inhibitor, but is substantially resistant to inhibition by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2. Binding of MMP-8 to the PMN surface promotes its stability because soluble MMP-8 has t(1/2) = 7.5 h at 37 degrees C, but membrane-bound MMP-8 retains >80% of its activity after incubation at 37 degrees C for 18 h. Studies of MMP-8(-/-) vs WT mice given intratracheal LPS demonstrate that 24 h after intratracheal LPS, MMP-8(-/-) mice have 2-fold greater accumulation of PMN in the alveolar space than WT mice. Thus, MMP-8 has an unexpected, anti-inflammatory role during acute lung injury in mice. TIMP-resistant, active MMP-8 expressed on the surface of activated PMN is likely to be an important form of MMP-8, regulating lung inflammation and collagen turnover in vivo.