Section 13
Chapter 12,349

Neuron restrictive silencer factor NRSF/REST is a transcriptional repressor of neuropilin-1 and diminishes the ability of semaphorin 3A to inhibit keratinocyte migration

Kurschat, P.; Bielenberg, D.; Rossignol-Tallandier, M.; Stahl, A.; Klagsbrun, M.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 281(5): 2721-2729


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 16330548
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.m507860200
Accession: 012348562

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Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is expressed by endothelial cells and neurons and serves as a receptor for both vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an angiogenesis factor, and semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a mediator of axonal guidance. We show here that NRP1 is also expressed in keratinocytes in vitro and in vivo. However, nothing has been reported about the regulation or function of keratinocyte NRP1. Using NRP1 promoter constructs in HaCaT cells, a keratinocyte cell line, we could demonstrate that a neuron restrictive silencer element (NRSE) was implicated in transcriptional repression of the NRP1 gene. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated that the neuron restrictive silencer factor (NRSF) binds to NRSE. Overexpression of NRSF in HaCaT cells decreased NRP1 RNA and protein, whereas a dominant negative NRSF increased NRP1. Furthermore, the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A, an inhibitor of NRSF silencing activity, also increased NRP1 levels. NRP2 expression was not affected. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) strongly up-regulated NRP1 expression, concomitant with down-regulation of NRSF. Other keratinocyte mitogens such as keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) had no effect. To address function, HaCaT cells were exposed to two NRP1 ligands, VEGF165 and Sema3A. Neither had an effect on proliferation, whereas Sema3A, but not VEGF165, inhibited cell migration. Down-regulation of NRP1 by NRSF overexpression reduced Sema3A activity. It was concluded that NRSF is a transcription factor that silences NRP1 expression and thereby diminishes the Sema3A mediated inhibition of HaCaT keratinocyte migration.

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