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Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment



Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment



Circulation 111(15): 1999-2012



The prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents has dramatically increased. There may be vulnerable periods for weight gain during childhood and adolescence that also offer opportunities for prevention of overweight. Overweight in children and adolescents can result in a variety of adverse health outcomes, including type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and the metabolic syndrome. The best approach to this problem is prevention of abnormal weight gain. Several strategies for prevention are presented. In addition, treatment approaches are presented, including behavioral, pharmacological, and surgical treatment. Childhood and adolescent overweight is one of the most important current public health concerns.

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Accession: 012387414

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15837955

DOI: 10.1161/01.CIR.0000161369.71722.10


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