Pioglitazone induces plasma platelet activating factor-acetylhydrolase and inhibits platelet activating factor-mediated cytoskeletal reorganization in macrophage
Sumita, C.; Maeda, M.; Fujio, Y.; Kim, J.; Fujitsu, J.; Kasayama, S.; Yamamoto, I.; Azuma, J.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1673(3): 115-121
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002 PMID: 15279882 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2004.04.002
Platelet activating factor (PAF) is a key molecule for inflammation. To examine a role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in inflammatory reactions of atherosclerosis, we investigated the effects of 15-deoxy-(Delta12,14)-Prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) and pioglitazone, PPARgamma ligands, on plasma PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) expression in THP-1 macrophages. PAF-AH mRNA and protein were up-regulated by the PPARgamma ligands. Prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha), a PARgamma inhibitor, abrogated the up-regulation of PAF-AH mRNA by pioglitazone, suggesting that PPARgamma activation is involved in the induction of PAF-AH by pioglitazone. As PAF promotes the cell motility with cytoskeletal reorganization, we investigated the effect of pioglitazone on PAF-mediated morphological changes in THP-1 macrophages. In the absence of pioglitazone, PAF promoted the elongation of actin cytoskeleton, which was inhibited by pretreatment with pioglitazone. In contrast, pioglitazone was not able to inhibit the morphological changes induced by C-PAF, a non-hydrolyzable PAF agonist. Thus, it is suggested that PAF-induced morphological changes could be inhibited by pioglitazone through PAF-AH, which rapidly hydrolyzed PAF. These data propose that PPARgamma/PAF-AH pathway is a clinical target for the prevention against atherosclerosis.