Platelet-activating factor inhibits the secretion of platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase by human decidual macrophages
Narahara, H.; Kawano, Y.; Nasu, K.; Yoshimatsu, J.; Johnston, J.M.; Miyakawa, I.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 88(12): 6029-6033
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-972X PMID: 14671207 DOI: 10.1210/jc.2003-030706
To clarify the role of platelet-activating factor (PAF) in parturition, the effects of PAF on the secretion of PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), a PAF-inactivating enzyme, by decidual macrophage populations were examined. The cells were isolated from human decidual tissue by enzymatic digestion, Ficoll-Paque centrifugation, or flow cytometric sorting. The nonhydrolyzable agonist of PAF, carbamyl-PAF (C-PAF), inhibited the secretion of PAF-AH by either decidual cells or flow cytometrically purified decidual macrophages. A specific PAF receptor antagonist, WEB 2086, blocked the C-PAF-induced inhibition. Lyso-PAF, a metabolite of PAF, had no effect on the enzyme secretion. An intracellular calcium channel blocker, bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid, tetra(acetoxymethyl)-ester, partially blocked the inhibition by C-PAF, whereas extracellular calcium channel blockers, nifedipine and verapamil, were without effect. The inhibitory effect of C-PAF was also partially blocked by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors, sphingosine and H-7. A PKC activator, 12-O-tetradecanoylphobol 13-acetate, decreased the secretion of PAF-AH. The decrease was abolished by the addition of sphingosine and H-7. It is suggested that PAF inhibits the PAF-AH secretion by decidual macrophages and that the inhibitory action is mediated by a signal transduction mechanism involving intracellular calcium and PKC.