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Preparation of polymeric submicron particle-containing microparticles using a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier

Preparation of polymeric submicron particle-containing microparticles using a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier

Pharmaceutical Research 23(1): 177-183

We studied a novel method for preparing polymeric submicron particle-containing microparticles using a 4-fluid nozzle spray drier. Ethylcellulose (EC) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), either alone or in combination with polyethylenimine (PEI), were used as polymers to produce submicron particles, and mannitol (MAN) was used as a water-soluble carrier for the microparticles. The polymer and MAN solutions were supplied through different liquid passages of a 4-fluid nozzle and then dried to obtain MAN microparticles containing EC or PLGA submicron particles. The polymer/MAN ratio was controlled by changing the concentration of the polymer and MAN solutions. EC or PLGA microparticles were observed via scanning electron microscopy, and the size of microparticles was determined by image analysis. The particle size distribution of EC or PLGA submicron particles was measured with a super dynamic light scattering spectrophotometer. The method generated submicron-sized (<1 microm) particles of EC and PLGA. The mean diameters of EC and PLGA particles at a polymer/MAN ratio of 1:10 were 631 and 490 nm, respectively. The mean diameter of PLGA particles decreased as the PLGA/MAN ratio was reduced, reaching approximately 200 nm at a PLGA/MAN ratio of 1:100. The mean diameter of PLGA/PEI particles at PLGA/PEI/MAN ratios of 1:0.5:10 and 1:0.5:100 were 525 and 223 nm, respectively, and their zeta potentials were +50.8 and +58.2 mV, respectively. The size of EC submicron particles could be controlled by varying the spray conditions. This study demonstrated that it is possible to prepare polymeric submicron particles dispersed in MAN microparticles in a single process using the 4-fluid nozzle spray drying method. Cationic PLGA particles with a diameter of approximately 200 nm could be prepared by adding PEI, suggesting the possibility of its use as a carrier for delivering DNA into cells. The precipitation of EC may occur by the mutual dispersion and mixing of solvents after collision of EC and MAN mists by antisolvent effect, thereby producing MAN microparticles containing EC submicron particles.

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Accession: 012443996

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16267631

DOI: 10.1007/s11095-005-8718-2

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