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Retroactive effects of irrelevant speech on serial recall from short-term memory



Retroactive effects of irrelevant speech on serial recall from short-term memory



Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning Memory and Cognition 30(5): 1093-1105



The authors report 5 serial-recall experiments. In 4 of the 5 experiments, they show that irrelevant sound (IS) has a retroactive effect on material already in memory. In Experiment 1, IS presented during a filled retention interval had a reliable effect on list recall. Four further experiments, 3 of which used retroactive IS, showed that IS continued to-have an effect on recall following a long, filled retention interval. Articulatory suppression during visual input was found to abolish the long-lasting, retroactive effect of IS, supporting the idea that IS affects the phonological-loop component of short-term memory. IS also, therefore, seems to affect a longer term memory system with which the loop interacts.

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Accession: 012516233

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15355138

DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.30.5.1093


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