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Risk of stroke and recurrent dissection after a cervical artery dissection: a multicenter study

Risk of stroke and recurrent dissection after a cervical artery dissection: a multicenter study

Neurology 61(10): 1347-1351

Objective: To assess the risk of stroke, TIA, or dissection recurrence after a first event of cervical artery dissection (CAD). Methods: The authors undertook a historical cohort study of consecutive patients with a first event of CAD who were admitted in 24 departments of neurology within a period of at least 1 year. Patients were retrospectively selected from a stroke data bank or from the local administrative data bank using the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases. A neurologist and a radiologist reviewed all charts to validate diagnosis and collect data. In 2002, patients were interviewed by phone or during a visit by the local investigators. Results: Four hundred fifty-nine patients (mean age 44.0 +- 9.7 years) were included in the study. Among the 457 survivors, 25 (5.5%) could not be contacted in 2002 because they had moved. After a mean follow-up of 31 months, four (0.9%) patients presented a recurrent ischemic stroke attributable to either not yet completely recovered initial CAD (n = 2) or a recurrent CAD (n = 2). Eight (1.8%) patients had a TIA without CAD recurrence. Two TIA occurred at the acute stage of CAD. Of the six remaining TIA, only one was associated with chronic arterial stenosis. In addition, two patients had recurrent CAD without stroke, giving a total of four (0.9%) CAD recurrences. Conclusions: Patients with a first event of CAD have a very low risk of ischemic events or dissection recurrences. Ischemic events seem rarely to be in relation with chronic arterial lesions.

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Accession: 012522062

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PMID: 14638953

DOI: 10.1212/01.WNL.0000094325.95097.86

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